The cholera epidemic hit Kabezi and Muha communes on 27 July 2016. As of 19 August, 100 cases of hospitalization are registered, although 80 people have returned cured. (Croix-Rouge du Burundi, 19 Aug 2016)
On 3 August the Ministry of Health declared a cholera epidemic and as of 8 September there were 193 reported cases and 1 death. In order to meet these needs, the IFRC revised appeal will change the Health and Care component to support BRCS with their cholera response. (IFRC, 17 Oct 2016)
On 9 December 2016, the Ministry of Health announced the end of the cholera epidemic, confirming that the total amount of cholera cases were 364 with two deaths since 3 August 2016. (Gov't of Burundi, 12 Dec 2016) Nonetheless, IFRC's cholera response operation continues until March 2017, as to enhance BRCS’s logistics capacity and to ensure the emergency appeal achieves its objectives; furthermore, UNICEF confirmed a new cholera outbreak, which started on 30 December 2016, in the Province of Cibitoke. To date, 169 cases have been reported, among which 105 are children (MoH, 30 January 2017). All patients were treated and released from the Cholera Treatment Center. (UNICEF, 31 Jan 2017)
As of 17 February, 169 cases have been notified and treated in Citiboke, with no deaths reported. The last reported case was on 30 January. The Cholera Treatment Centre remains open and medical inputs are available. (OCHA, 28 Feb 2017)
As of 31 March, UNICEF reported that there were no new cases of cholera since 30 January. As part of the cholera prevention and response plan, UNICEF and its partners continued the emergency water supply and the cholera awareness campaign in the affected commune of Rugombo. Approximately 5,000 households (about 25,000 people) were covered by house to house outreach sessions of hygiene promotion. (UNICEF, 31 Mar 2017)
With over 8 million malaria cases in 2016 and almost 2 million to date this year, the Ministry of Health has officially declared the malaria outbreak in Burundi on 13 March and is seeking support from the international community for preventing and treating malaria.
The night of 16 March was a nightmare for city dwellers on the outskirts of the Burundian capital due to the torrential rain. The most affected areas are in the Ntahangwa commune border with the commune of Mutimbuzi of the province known as Bujumbura Rurale. For the only zone, the Burundi Red Cross volunteers identified more than 100 houses destroyed. Likewise in 2014, the sites of Carama, Gahahe and Gatunguru have been swept away by debris coming from the hills overlooking the city of Bujumbura.
Nearly one in ten people is severely food insecure
SAM rates surpass the critical threshold of 2% in Kirundo
Malaria outbreak in Burundi: more than 9 million cases and over 4,000 deaths since January 2017
CERF supports food security and protection (DTM) sectors with US$3.5 million
Nearly one million more people affected by food insecurity in 2 months
Burundi is experiencing a multidimensional socio-economic crisis impacting different sectors and aspect of livelihoods, which has led to displacement and food insecurity. The violence that ensued after president Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term in office in 2015 triggered an exodus. More than 390 000 Burundians have fled the country and another 146 000 are reportedly internally displaced.
Tanzania is host to largest number of Burundian refugees in the region. 298,439 refugees from Burundi and the DRC are sheltered in three refugee camps in northern Tanzania.
The current influx of refugees into Tanzania from Burundi averages between 600 and 700 people per day.
Children are bearing the brunt of the crisis, as 57 per cent of the Burundian and DRC refugee population is under the age of 18 and 22 per cent are under five.
The Burundi Red Cross remains committed to the merciless struggle against cholera and dirty hand diseases. It is in this perspective that, in partnership with the ICRC, it rehabilitated 7 km of water conveyance in the Nyanza-Lac commune of province of Makamba. This hydraulic network, with a flow of 1.3 liters per second, serves 1253 households of 6265 people from Nyabigina Hill. It has its source on Murandamutsi hill. The inauguration of this infrastructure was held this Tuesday, February 21, 2016 at the chief city of Nyabigina hill.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
• In Bujumbura-Mairie province, UNICEF and partners advocacy contributed to the release of 76 children (63 boys, 13 girls) who benefited from psychosocial support. 24 of the children (17 boys, 7 girls) also received temporary emergency care.
• A new cholera outbreak started on 30 December 2016 in the Province of Cibitoke. To date, 169 cases have been reported, among which 105 are children (MoH, 30 January 2017). All patients were treated and released from the Cholera Treatment Center.
ET CHIFFRES CLES
La population du Burundi est de plus en plus affectée par l’impact de la situation socio-économique et la détérioration des conditions de vie. Les besoins humanitaires sont de plus en plus visibles : la communauté humanitaire au Burundi estime que le nombre de personnes ayant besoin d’assistance humanitaire immédiate, y compris l’accès urgent aux services essentiels de base et à des moyens de subsistance, a presque triplé entre février et octobre 2016, passant de 1,1 million à environ 3 millions de personnes.
POPULATION TOTALE DU BURUNDI 11,2M
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 3millions
PERSONNES CIBLEES 1 million
BUDGET (US$) . 73,7M
|# PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES 73
LE COORDONNATEUR RESIDENT
J’ai l’honneur de vous présenter le Plan de Réponse humanitaire 2017 pour le Burundi, résultat d’un travail conjoint et essentiel des partenaires humanitaires en consultation avec le Gouvernement du Burundi et les bailleurs de fonds.
Dans une déclaration sortie ce vendredi 9 décembre 2016, la Ministre de la santé Publique et de la lutte contre le Sida Dr Josiane NIJIMBERE a annoncé la fin de l’épidémie de choléra qui sévissait depuis le 03 Août 2016. Durant cette période de plus de trois mois qu’a duré l’épidémie, les cas cumulés de malades s’élèvent à 364 cas avec deux décès.
The rate of refugee arrivals per day from both Burundi and DRC remained the same as last reporting period with influxes ranging between 250 and 776 per day. Lack of a fourth camp location continues to overstretch the three established camps.
Prevention and rapid response to cholera cases outside the camps has stemmed further spread.
Much needed school supplies have arrived and plans to hold national exams in the camps are underway.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
Total people in need: 2.4 million
Total children (<18) in need: 1.5 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 1.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 1 million
The cycle of violence and unrest that Burundi has been experiencing since April 2015 has become protracted. An estimated 110,000 people are displaced and 325,000 have fled to neighbouring countries.1 Communities are experiencing the erosion of coping mechanisms, with chronically high levels of food and nutrition insecurity, as well as recurring flooding and displacement. The protection crisis is disproportionately affecting children, who make up approximately half of Burundi’s population.
• The number of Burundian refugees in Rwanda has increased to 81,834, with about 51,437 refugees living in Mahama Camp, making it the largest refugee camp in Rwanda.
• As a result of community mobilisation and the role of trained community health workers in the camp, the Ante-natal Care is increasing, 91 per cent of pregnant mothers received at least one ANC.
• Celebration of the world AIDS day has begun on 23 November 2016, with community mobilization activities and mobile voluntary counselling and testing.
• Arbitrary arrests and detentions of children continue to be documented. Advocacy by UNICEF and partners in October and November led to the release of 87 such children.
• Malaria remains a significant concern, with recorded cases in 2016 now approaching 7 million - twice as many as were recorded the year before.
• As part of UNICEF Burundi’s largest Back-to-School campaign ever, 2.6 million school going children received much-needed essential school materials in a context of increased financial hardship for families.
CONTEXTE NATIONAL ET POLITIQUE
The Crisis Overview 2016: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2017, outlines the countries where needs are greatest, and growing, as we approach the end of 2016.
The rate of Burundi refugee arrivals per day continues to increase with influxes between 173 per day to as high as 453 per day. In addition, DRC refugee arrivals have increased over the past couple of months to as high as 65 per day.
Schools have reopened after the annual break, but attendance is falling short of enrollment numbers, primarily due to shortage of school supplies and classrooms.