Afghanistan: Avalanches and Heavy Snowfalls - Jan 2012
Starting in January 2012, Afghanistan experienced its most severe winter in 15 years, characterized by above-average snowfall and temperatures descending to -18 degrees Celsius in some areas.
43 people died and 65 were injured as a result of avalanches and extreme cold temperatures in 10 districts of Badakhshan province (OCHA, 31 Jan 2012). In February, 54 children died from ARI / Pneumonia in four remote and inaccessible districts of Badakhshan province (OCHA, 29 Feb 2012). Avalanches continued to kill and injure people through March.
Afghanistan is exposed to multiple, predictable and recurrent natural hazards which are exacerbated by on-going climate change. Afghanistan is ranked twelfth on the seismic risk index, twenty-second on the drought risk index, twenty-fourth on the flood risk index, thirtieth on the landslide risk index and eighty-second on the severe storm risk index. The economic and human impact of these recurrent disasters is devastating.
The remote eastern province of Badakhshan is often referred to as Afghanistan’s natural disaster capital. Crammed between China, Pakistan and Tajikistan, the Province takes in the Hindu Kush and Pamir mountain ranges, along with a mixed terrain of deserts, grasslands, savannahs, scrub and forests.
Although much has been done to better understand the profiles and needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Afghanistan1, in 2013, at a time of growing forced internal displacement and of upcoming political and military transition, key questions remain. With internal displacement being one of the key humanitarian priorities in Afghanistan, and with numbers exceeding half a million individuals displaced from their homes, the question is whether stakeholders have envisaged all available options of assistance.
This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2012
The snow cover product is a classification of 8-days snow covered areas created by a synthesis of satellite data (MODIS MOD10).
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision
KABUL, 25 October 2012 (IRIN) - After last year's Afghan winter - the harshest in 15 years - killed dozens of displaced children in urban settlements, government and aid agencies in Afghanistan are preparing themselves for the coming winter.
As of 30 September 2012, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) reported 445,856 persons internally displaced due to conflict. Many of these live in informal settlements in and around Kabul, but their numbers can be hard to track.
Medair expands its relief programme in Central Highlands to help struggling communities recover from drought, flooding, and poor access to water and sanitation.
Communities in the Central Highlands are extremely vulnerable to flooding, drought, and harsh weather conditions at the high altitudes. Furthermore, flash floods in 2010, severe drought in 2011, and a harsh winter in 2012 have pushed many families to the edge of their capacity to cope. Despite serious needs, few organisations are active in this remote area to provide families with assistance.
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
This HIP's allocation of 4 MEUR from the food aid budget line could not be programmed and committed in the first half of 2012. It was decided to enable a transfer of 4 MEUR from the Food Aid Budget Line to the Humanitarian Aid Budget Line under the present HIP. The two reasons behind this change are the following:
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Humanitarian needs in Afghanistan continue to mount while financial resources to respond are declining, as reflected in funding to actions coordinated in the 2012 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) and contributions to the Emergency Response Fund. Funding shortfalls are most likely to affect internally displaced people (IDPs), chronically vulnerable people coping with the consequences of the harshest winter for 15 years, victims of sudden-onset and natural disasters, and communities exposed to communicable disease.
Natural disaster incidents as recorded by OCHA field offices from 1 January - 30 June 2012
Harsh weather and floods, combined with reduced population coverage by health services activates a Health Cluster emergency response, depleting available funds and resources.
Despite the severe but localized spring floods, cereal harvest prospects remain good
In contrast to last year, the continuity of precipitation during the latter part of the wet season is likely to lead to an average to above average rainfed wheat harvest.
The localized but sometimes devastating 2012 spring floods have had severe impacts at the levels of the valleys and districts where floods have taken place, particularly in northern Afghanistan. However, the likely impact on the overall, national cereal harvest will be minimal.
By ROD NORDLAND
KABUL, Afghanistan — After a harsh winter killed children in refugee camps around the Afghan capital and brought attention to poor conditions there, a new study by a French aid agency said the disaster was more extensive than originally thought, with at least 100 young children claimed by the cold.
Read the full article in the New York Times.
Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)
South Asia Region, Regional Office for Asia-Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand
Disaster Response in Focus: Winter Emergency in Afghanistan
In April, the Afghanistan Agrometerological Network (Agromet), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) which was assisted by the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (CHA) and the Afghan Veterinary Association (AVA), the World Food Program (WFP), and FEWS NET conducted a rapid food security assessment all over the country. This month’s Food Security Outlook is a joint FEWS NET, WFP, FAO, and Agromet report that incorporates these findings.