As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
The Fall Armyworm infestation continues to destroy meher crops across 233 woredas in six regions, and it is spreading at an alarming rate.
First quarter Therapeutic Feeding Program admissions exceeded HRD projections.
The number of irregular Ethiopian migrants returning from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has reached 35,000 (of an estimated 750,000 irregular Ethiopians residing in KSA) as the Amnesty period ends this week.
Government of Ethiopia is negotiating for an extension to the amnesty period.
Main season rainfall begins slightly earlier than normal over northern areas of East Africa
UN and AU host High-Level Partnership Mission to the Horn of Africa in June, garnering increased donor commitments for droughtaffected countries
Compared to the 2010/2011 drought in East Africa, FEWS NET reports the 2016/2017 drought is more widespread but less severe
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
• A fall armyworm infestation is currently wreaking havoc on belg crops across six regions in Ethiopia and is spreading at an alarming rate.
• The Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources has called on additional stakeholders’ participation to protect major maize growing areas from complete damage.
• Led by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission, the National Flood Task Force is finalizing a flood alert and flood contingency plan for preparedness and response.
• Ethiopia to host World Refugee Day in Gambella town
Somalia: The significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia in the first week of June marks a possible end to the Gu rainy season. The reduction of rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle River basins in Ethiopia and Somalia has led to decreasing river levels which are expected to stabilize in the coming week.
Katelyn Faulkner,Postdoctoral research fellow, University of Pretoria
Brett Hurley, Senior Lecturer Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria
Mark Robertson, Associate Professor Zoology & Entomology, University of Pretoria
This article is the first in a series The Conversation Africa is running on invasive species.
Addis Ababa June 14//2017 Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources has called on stakeholders to enhance their participation in protecting major maize growing areas from fall armyworm.
Since its occurrence in the last week of February 2017, the armyworm has spread to 6 regional states, namely Benishangul-Gumuz, Amhara, Tigray, Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ State.
Le rapport de la FAO souligne des pertes importantes dues à la perturbation des activités agricoles, à la hausse des prix et au déplacement des moyens d’existence
Food insecurity strains deepen amid civil conflict and drought
FAO report notes heavy toll of disrupted farming, higher prices and displaced livelihoods
8 June 2017, Rome-- Large agricultural harvests in some regions of the world are buoying global food supply conditions, but protracted fighting and unrest are increasing the ranks of the displaced and hungry elsewhere, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
La chenille légionnaire d’automne (Spodoptera frugiperda) est un insecte ravageur qui attaque plus de 80 espèces de plantes, causant des dégâts à des céréales d’importance économique telles que le maïs, le riz et le sorgho, mais aussi aux cultures maraîchères et au coton.
• Selon l'analyse du cadre intégré de classification de la sécurité alimentaire (IPC), pour la période avril-mai 2017, la population en phases humanitaires d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë (phases 3 et 4) s’élève à 2 565 868 personnes (26% de la population rurale) dont 701 117 (7%) en besoin d’aide d'urgence.
March to May rains performed poorly over many areas of the Horn of Africa
The regional consensus climate outlook for the June to September 2017 rainfall season indicates that most of Somalia, Kenya, and southern Ethiopia will remain dry. Ethiopia’s Afar region and southwestern Uganda will likely experience near normal to below normal rains. Normal to above normal rainfall is expected across central and western Ethiopia, northern Kenya and central Uganda; while northern Ethiopia, parts of northern Uganda, coastal Somalia, coastal and western Kenya will likely experience above normal rainfall and floods.
Below-average long rains bring about short-lived improvements
Near Term: February - May 2017
Medium Term: June - September 2017
In collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm.
In early May, long rains arrived in parts of Kenya after a 2-month delay, as long rains usually begin in March. Heavy rainfall caused flooding in some areas of the country. The food security needs remain, since not all parts of the country received rain. The prognosis is that the long rains will have minimal impact on crop production.
The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia is worsening. By the end of April, 7.8 million people are in need humanitarian assistance a 39% increase.
Season B harvest to further improve food access
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa