Las Autoridades Nacionales de la Gestión de Desastres (NDMAs) son con frecuencia, aunque no siempre, la principal institución nacional con el mandato de coordinar y gestionar todos los aspectos relacionados con la mitigación, la preparación y la respuesta a desastres, a través de sus oficinas nacionales y provinciales respectivas. Muchas de estas autoridades han adoptado ahora políticas y directrices de gestión de desastres, algunas de las cuales hacen referencia explícita a las normas humanitarias.
National disaster management policies and guidelines benefit from building on and incorporating references to international humanitarian standards. But what does it take to link both and how can humanitarian professionals engage with National Disaster Management Authorities to achieve that goal?
This map illustrates satellite-detected fires and smoke plumes at oil wells south of Mosul, and also east of Baiji, Iraq. The Mosul fires began with an initial fire at one or two wells on 8 May 2016, lasting less than one day, and intermittently burned in June. The current fire complex began on 3 July with daily fire detections occurring until about 12 July, when the fires greatly increased in number and continued to burn until gradual reductions in detected fires occurred starting in November 2016. The fires east of Baiji have been active since early January 2016.
This map illustrates satellite-detected fires and environmental damage at and around Al Qayyarah, approximately 60 Km south of Mosul, Iraq. The main frame shows fires and the oil spill as seen in imagery collected between 23 December 2016 and 7 January 2017. Marke in blue are fires that were detected in 21 November 2016 but appear extinguished as of 23 December 2016. Insets on the left show the growing oil spill north of Al Qayyarah, detected with both radar and optical imagery from multiple dates.
El Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil – INDECI inició la entrega a las autoridades regionales de Loreto de 43 toneladas de bienes de ayuda humanitaria, para atender las necesidades básicas de 7,511 personas damnificadas y afectadas por el derrame de petróleo en las 26 comunidades del distrito de Urarinas.
En tan solo 9 meses la Unidad Nacional para la Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres- UNGRD realizó la construcción de 77 viviendas nuevas para más de 385 habitantes del barrio Niño Jesús, sector Robledo en el municipio de Quibdó; quienes perdieron sus casas, al presentarse un cortocircuito en un almacén de repuestos para carros y motos generando un incendio que se propago rápidamente a las viviendas vecinas.
El 21 de agosto de 2016, a las 17:00 horas aproximadamente, se produjo un derrame de petróleo en el canal de flotación a la altura del Km. 54 + 200 y del Km 55+500 en el tramo I del Oleoducto Norperuano, afectando localidades de los distritos de Urarinas y Parinari.
Tsunamis are rare, powerful and unpredictable natural hazards, with devastating consequences for coastal populations caught in their path. The vast majority are caused by earthquakes in active seismic areas and occur along a limited range of inhabited shores around the world (Figure 1). In total, 16 major tsunamis killed 250,900 people in 21 countries between 1996 and 2015, according to EM-DAT records.
3 November 2016 – Japan’s initiative to raise the awareness of the risks posed by tsunamis will this weekend mark a milestone when World Tsunami Awareness Day makes its debut on 5 November – an occasion that goes beyond paying tribute to the victims of tsunamis.
This map illustrates satellite-detected fires and smoke plumes at oil wells south of Mosul, and also east of Baiji, Iraq. The Mosul fires began with an initial fire at one or two wells on 8 May 2016, lasting less than one day. Subsequently, on several dates in June small-scale fires burned for durations of less than one day. The current fire complex began on 3 July with daily fire detections occurring until about 12 July, when the fires greatly increased in number, continuing to the present at that scale. The fires east of Baiji have been active since early January 2016.
For immediate release: October 24, 2016
By Rocio Diaz-Agero Roman
NEW YORK, 24 October 2016 – The future of Fukushima Prefecture dramatically changed on 11 March 2011. A 9.0 magnitude earthquake off Japan’s eastern seaboard unleashed a powerful tsunami that triggered a devastating nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant.
Speaking at an event ‘Fukushima After 2049 Days: Current revitalization on the ground’ at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, the Governor of Fukushima Prefecture, Mr. Masao Uchibori, underscored that the region’s clocks did not stop that day.
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) respond to environmental emergencies through the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU). JEU combines UNEP's environmental expertise with the OCHA-coordinated humanitarian network. This helps to ensure an integrated approach by coordinating international efforts and mobilizing partners.
A fire in two oil storage tanks (owned by Puma Energy), that occurred on 17 August in the municipality of Puerto Sandino, burned the surrounding vegetation and covered it in oil. The cause of the fire is still under investigation, and more than 50 families had to evacuate their homes due to the close proximity of the fire. The explosion may not only affect Nicaragua, but may have international implications.
The Citizen Solidarity and Joint Responsibility Law has raised about US$500 million, as of June, as response to the 16 April earthquake. Authorities have already used $140 million of this amount - $70 million for the province of Esmeraldas. Reconstruction efforts continue in the north coastal areas of Ecuador.
National authorities via El Telégrafo.