Severe drought conditions are rapidly deteriorating food security, nutrition, and health levels across Somalia. A pre-famine warning was declared in January, and there is currently a larger population at risk than in the 2011 famine. Below average gu (April-June) rainfall is predicted in most of the country, with famine conditions likely in localised areas if humanitarian assistance cannot reach all populations in need. Due to continued insecurity, this scenario is a distinct possibility.
89: Continued endemic wild poliovirus transmission in security-compromised areas – Nigeria, 2016
89: Transmission endémique continue du poliovirus sauvage dans les zones d’insécurité – Nigéria, 2016
23 February 2017, Juba, South Sudan – In an effort to rapidly contain the resurgence of cholera in South Sudan, WHO has secured oral cholera vaccine to vaccinate the communities in Leer Town and other areas. The 20 February integrated food security phase classification (IPC) identified Leer and Mayendit. With Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates that exceed 30% in the two locations. Co-morbidity with cholera will result in rapid spread and high fatality rates.
February 2017, Juba, South Sudan – The World Health Organization (WHO) with support from the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) have delivered essential medicines and supplies to the communities affected by the cholera outbreak in the Islands of Jonglei and Greater Lakes.
February 23, 2017: The Ministry of Health would like to report that the total number of confirmed cases of Zika since the onset of the epidemic on February 11th, 2016 has been 718 cases. Of these, 463 confirmed cases have been noted in pregnancy.
For the year 2017 there have been 4 confirmed births of babies with Microcephaly. Of these cases, 2 of the mothers tested positive for the Zika virus during the course of their pregnancy.
The “Pacific Islands Meteorological Services in Action” Compendium which was compiled by SPREP-FINPAC Project in partnership with World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Climate and Oceans Support Programme for the Pacific (COSPPac) and Environment and Climate Change Canada is a result of a first “writeshop” for climate services in the Pacific.
• UNICEF has worked with government and non-government partners to ensure pregnant women in high-risk areas receive quality information on how to prevent ZIKV, including avoiding sexual transmission. Using mass communication, 166 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean have been reached with key preventive messages.
Since 1 January 2017, 201 suspected cases of meningitis with 17 deaths were reported by 19 health districts. In week 2, the district of Akebou which is part of the Plateau Region issued an alert after four cases of meningitis were reported. In week 4, the epidemic threshold was reached with nine cases and an attack rate of 12.4 per 100 000 inhabitants. From 2 January to 12 February 2017, 48 suspected meningitis cases with three deaths were reported (case fatality rate of 6.3%). Of these, 14 specimens were confirmed as Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W by PCR.
The conflict in Yemen has taken a devastating toll, particularly on the most vulnerable members of society: children.
Even before the outbreak of conflict in March 2015, Yemen faced challenges from widespread poverty, food insecurity and lack of health services. But now, with more than 2.2 million people displaced, food and fuel imports cut short and livelihoods destroyed, more than 70 percent of Yemenis are in need of some kind of humanitarian assistance.
2016 saw a significant scale-up in the response across the worst-hit areas of the Lake Chad region. Owing to the support of donors and collective efforts by Governments, UN agencies and non-governmental organisations, children were rescued from malnutrition, vaccinated against life-threatening diseases and able to access education. Families on the move were sheltered and provided with help. Communities were assisted with food or livelihoods to avoid hunger.
ACROSS THE LAKE CHAD REGION
The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) has now raised £20 million for the Yemen Crisis Appeal, since it was launched on 13 December 2016. This month the UN has announced that Yemen is on the brink of famine. Almost 19 million people - 80% of the population - are desperately in need of help, with 14 million people already hungry. Yemen is just one of four countries where famine is looming at present; the UN has already declared famine in parts of South Sudan, with Somalia and northern Nigeria at crisis point.
12.8 MILLION IN NEED OF HEALTH ASSISTANCE
700,000 CHILDREN <5 DEPRIVED OF VACCINE
6.3 MILLION INTERNALLY DISPLACED
4.9 MILLION BESIEGED
(all figures stand for the Whole of Syria)
The following syndromes have been flagged:
· Acute Fever and Rash: Vanuatu
· Influenza-like illness: Niue
· Prolonged fever: Vanuatu
· Solomon Islands: As of 12 February 2017 there have been 10,498 cases across all ten (10) provinces since August 2016. A total of 2,917 rapid diagnostic tests (Dengue duo Standard Diagnostics) have been conducted from Week 33, 2016 to Week 6, 2017 and 1,276 (44%) were positive either NS1 or IgM.
22 février 2017 – Le gouvernement du Japon a accordé mardi un don de 2.6 millions de dollars au Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF) pour lui permettre de combattre le choléra en Haïti.
Ce don du Japon appuiera directement le 'Projet de renforcement de la prévention et de la réponse au choléra' dont le principal objectif est de contribuer à réduire la morbidité et la mortalité liées au choléra en Haïti en 2017 et 2018.
14 February 2017, Juba, South Sudan - Despite the ongoing complex humanitarian crises in South Sudan, the World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with the Ministry of Health and partners are responding to the latest cholera outbreak in the former Jonglei and Lakes States. The outbreak of cholera was first detected in June 2016 and since then 5 006 cholera cases and 99 deaths (CFR 1.98%) have been reported from 12 Counties in nine states countrywide.
22 February 2017 – A new grant from the Government of Japan will allow the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to help reduce cholera-related morbidity and mortality in Haiti in 2017 and 2018, the UN agency said in a news release.
“With this gift from the Japanese people, we will strengthen the axes of the fight againstcholera in the protection of the Haitian population, especially children,” said Marc Vincent, UNICEF Representative in Haiti, welcoming the contribution.
Environ 35 500 personnes déplacées sans assistance humanitaire dans les territoires de Malemba-Nkulu, Mitwaba et Pweto
Kilwa continue son combat contre l’épidémie de choléra
Aperçu de la situation
Rupa Narra, MD1,2*; Justin M. Maeda, MD3*; Herilinda Temba, MD3; Janneth Mghamba, MD3; Ali Nyanga, MD3; Ashley L. Greiner, MD1,4; Muhammad Bakari, PhD3; Karlyn D. Beer, PhD1,2; Sae-Rom Chae, MD1,2; Kathryn G. Curran, PhD1,2; Rachel B. Eidex, PhD5; James J. Gibson, MD5; Thomas Handzel, PhD4; Stephen J. Kiberiti3; Rogath S. Kishimba, MD6; Haji Lukupulo6; Theophil Malibiche3; Khalid Massa, PhD3; Amani E. Massay6; Lindsey S. McCrickard, DVM1,2; Geofrey J. Mchau3; Vida Mmbaga, MD3; Ahmed A. Mohamed, PhD6; Elibariki R. Mwakapeje3; Emmanuel Nestory6; Anna E.
The rate of new arrivals in to Uganda remains very high, with a total of 9,568 South Sudanese refugees received in Uganda between the 15th and 21st of February, although this is a decrease from the 13,092 new arrivals reported in the previous week. This brings the total new arrivals in February to 56,087.
The average daily rate of new arrivals this week was 1,367.