GENÈVE, 26 juin (HCR) – Un nombre croissant de personnes fuient le Burundi avant les élections législatives prévues lundi prochain et qui avaient déjà provoqué des semaines de violence. Par ailleurs, des milliers de personnes ont cherché refuge au-delà des frontières de cet Etat d'Afrique centrale, a déclaré le HCR vendredi.
GENEVA, June 26 (UNHCR) – Increasing numbers of people are fleeing Burundi ahead of parliamentary elections next Monday which have already triggered weeks of violence and seen thousands seeking refuge across the central African state's borders, the UN refugee agency said on Friday.
Over the past 10 years the SADC region has experienced 545 disaster events which affected approximately 39 million people and resulted in 5,300 deaths (EMDAT). The highest number of disaster events occurred in 2006/2007 and 2011, with fewer disaster events during the last 3 years.
Droughts and floods affected the highest number of people. The largest number of people were affected in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania respectively, with the most people affected during 2005 and 2007.
The 2014/2015 Southern African rainfall season, which stretches from October to May , saw severe floods in the east of the region. The remainder of the region experienced poor rains that were late to arrive and irregular.
Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar were hit by multiple floods between December 2014 and April 2015 (accounting for 97% of all flood affected people) . A total of 10 tropical storm systems were monitored during the season, with tropical storms Chedza and Fundi affecting Madagascar in early 2015.
South Africa, Kenya and AU put forward own peace plans and initiatives for South Sudan in addition to new IGAD proposal.
Fighting in South Sudan now affecting five out of the ten states. Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees (a 40 per cent increase since April) received in neighbouring countries in the last two months.
Food security expected to deteriorate in eastern parts of the Horn region from JuneAugust while average August harvests are expected in the western sector of the Horn.
Lusaka, Zambia (ICRC) – Representatives from nine southern and central African countries are gathered in Lusaka for a two-day seminar, on 17 and 18 June; its aim is to promote adherence to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) amongst members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and to enable them to share best practices for passing domestic legislation to implement its provisions.
A. REGIONAL UPDATE
A. REGIONAL UPDATE
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most for ward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverag e countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the re cent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( S ), Similar ( X ), or Lower ( T ). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indica te either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Maize grain and maize meal are the most important food commodities and indicators of food security in Zambia. All of the markets represented — with the exception of Kitwe — are in provincial centers and thus provide a geographic representation. Chipata and Choma are both areas of high maize production, while Mansa and Mongu are indicative of low production areas. Kabwe, Kitwe, and Lusaka are all urban areas where demand for these commodities is high. Solwezi is a new mining town with an increasing demand for food commodities.
The Global Environmental Facility (GEF) approved USD 35 million in funding to improve climate resilience to be channeled through the African Development Bank for programs in Côte d’Ivoire, Chad, Zambia, in addition to one which spans several countries. The announcement was made at the recent 48th session of the GEF Council Meeting during which the largest GEF work program in its 23 years of history – USD 709 million – was endorsed.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in April, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.
Lusaka, 04 June 2015 - The WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti has applauded the Zambian government for progress made in reducing deaths and illnesses amongst women and children under five years old.
OCHA ROSA has published a humanitarian bulletin on the regional flood season. Highlights include:
More than 1.82 million people were affected by floods or storms and at least 539 people lost their lives during the 2014/2015 Southern Africa rainfall season.
Extremely heavy rains over Malawi and Mozambique displaced 230,000 and 68,000 people respectively.
In Madagascar, Tropical Storm Chedza alone affected 123,225 people.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Maize production declined by 21 percent in 2015 as a result of unfavourable weather conditions
Despite lower production, national stock levels still remain high following record 2014 output
Food security conditions generally stable, but expected to worsen in some areas on account of lower cereal harvests
Pretoria (ICRC) – The ICRC and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have recently concluded a memorandum of understanding that will strengthen relations between them and improve coordination of their activities.
The memorandum was signed on 15 May in Gaborone, Botswana, by Stergomena Lawrence Tax, the executive secretary of the SADC, and Jürg Eglin, the head of the ICRC's regional delegation in Pretoria.
Maize production estimated at 10 percent below average, but exportable surplus still likely
The Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock has released its national 2014/2015 maize production estimate of about 2.6 million metric tonnes, a 10 percent decrease compared to the recent five-year average. However, Zambia has more than adequate stocks to meet total national requirements due to a large carryover stock, and will have an exportable surplus of approximately 877,000 MT.
Stressed and Crisis Acute food insecurity outcomes expected due to below-average harvests