A severe humanitarian emergency is affecting the Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon and the Gambia). Alarming food insecurity and malnutrition conditions have emerged in the wake of drought and poor harvests.
South Sudan continues to face considerable humanitarian challenges. Poor harvests, soaring food and fuel prices, conflict and displacement led to rising hunger and malnutrition across the country.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
In a year characterized by mass protests and other challenges to entrenched leadership that frequently provoked violent reactions, the Security Council continued in 2011 to grapple with the question of protecting civilians in a manner consistent with the United Nations Charter, as the 15-member body remained seized of a wide range of conflicts, the birth of South Sudan, the Palestinian application for membership in the Organization and other developments.