People internally displaced by conflict and violence
For the last 14 years, the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre has monitored intern- al displacement resulting from conflict and violence across the world. In 2011, the number of people internally displaced by these causes stood at 26.4 million.
In the wave of civil protests which have swept across the Middle East and North Africa, political instability and increasing violence involving the Yemeni government, protestors, rival tribal militias and militants have led to new waves of displacement in southern, central and northern areas of the country.
Following intermittent clashes between
Al-Houthi groups and the Yemeni government in July 2009, the situation
in Sa'ada governorate escalated into open conflict in the sixth round of
hostilities since 2004. Tens of thousands of people were displaced from
Sa'ada and Amran governorates, adding to those displaced by previous rounds
of fighting. For many, it was their second or third displacement over the
last few years.
In February 2010 a ceasefire put an end
to hostilities; however intermittent violence has continued in affected
Fighting between government forces and
followers of the late Sheikh Badr Eddin al-Houth have led to displacement
in northern Yemen at regular intervals since 2004, peaking during the latest
round of conflict in June and July 2008. Though many returned to their
places of origin following the end of hostilities in July 2008, large numbers
were unable to return home.
An estimated 100,000 people remain internally
displaced as result of the Sa'ada conflict, including some who have gone
back to places of origin. In June and July 2009 the number of internally