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World + 9 others
Comment mettre au point des programmes de reconstruction efficaces après une catastrophe ? En s’inspirant de l’expérience d’autres pays vulnérables

Report
World Bank

LES POINTS MARQUANTS

  • Après une catastrophe, l’enjeu est de construire mieux, ce qui signifie bâtir des structures plus solides mais aussi faire participer les collectivités concernées, en particulier les populations pauvres et vulnérables.

  • La mise en place de plans d’action avant qu’une catastrophe ne survienne permet aux populations et aux collectivités de rebondir ensuite plus rapidement et de préserver les progrès accomplis sur le plan du développement.

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Ebola event management at points of entry interim guidance

Overview

As the Ebola virus disease (EVD) continues to claim lives and put pressure on health systems in west Africa, its transmission across borders has prompted a need to manage suspected cases at Points of Entry (PoE).

The interim guidance document is intended for National Focal Points for the International Health Regulations (IHR)(2005)(1), PoE public health authorities, PoE operators, conveyance operators, crew members and other stakeholders involved in the management of Public health event.

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Ebola surveillance in countries with no reported cases of Ebola virus disease

This document provides guidelines on the establisment of early surveillance actions to be carried out in countries where no case of Ebola virus disease has been reported.

An alert system should be in place at the following sites: major land border crossing with already affected countries; capital cities, including at airports, seaports, and health-care facilities, especially in major hospitals.

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World + 8 others
Violence against Women and Girls: Lessons from South Asia

Report
World Bank

A new report documents the dynamics of violence against women across the life cycle, and analyzes the societal factors that drive perpetrators to commit such acts in the region.

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Malgré des progrès spectaculaires pour la survie de l’enfant, un million d’enfants meurent au cours de leur premier jour de vie, principalement de causes évitables

L’analyse montre que les défaillances des systèmes de santé durant la période critique de l’accouchement contribuent à ces décès

New York, 16 septembre 2014 – Les taux de survie de l’enfant ont progressé de façon spectaculaire depuis 1990, une période durant laquelle le nombre absolu de décès chez les enfants de moins de cinq ans a été réduit de moitié, passant de 12,7 millions à 6,3 millions, selon un rapport publié aujourd’hui par l’UNICEF.

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Women Agricultural Workers and the Right to adequate Food and Nutrition

While access to waged agricultural work can bring about benefits to women, this paper aims to shed light on the discriminatory working conditions women agricultural workers endure in industries where women have traditionally constituted a significant share of the workforce.

Women and girls play an essential role towards the food and nutrition security of their families and communities through infant and young child feeding, the selection and preparation of food for their families, and the production of food for family consumption and for the market.

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World + 6 others
UNHCR alarmed at death toll from boat sinkings in the Mediterranean

GENEVA, September 16 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency is alarmed at the death toll from boat sinkings in the Mediterranean in recent days, which underlines the need for collective European action to avoid further loss of lives at sea.

According to information received by UNHCR from coastguards, five shipwrecks occurred over the weekend, leaving between 650 and 850 people dead or missing, although the figures are constantly, being revised upwards.

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Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed – Progress Report 2014

preview

In support of A Promise Renewed, this year’s annual report focuses on newborn survival. Neonatal deaths account for 44 per cent of all under-five deaths, so addressing neonatal mortality is a crucial component to ending preventable child deaths. This report not only discusses levels and trends in under-five and neonatal mortality since 1990, but it also analyzes key interventions for mothers and their newborns, highlighting a gap between contact with the health system and the quality of care received.

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De nouvelles données montrent que les taux de mortalité de l’enfant n’ont jamais baissé aussi vite

Une plus grande attention doit être portée à la mortalité néonatale

New York, 16 septembre 2014 – De nouvelles données publiées aujourd’hui par les Nations Unies indiquent que les taux de mortalité des enfants de moins de cinq ans ont diminué de 49 % entre 1990 et 2013. La réduction annuelle moyenne s’est accélérée - dans certains pays elle a même triplé - mais l’ensemble des progrès ne satisfont toujours pas les objectifs mondiaux qui sont la diminution de deux tiers de la mortalité chez les moins de cinq ans d’ici 2015.

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Levels & Trends in Child Mortality - Report 2014

NEW YORK, 16 September 2014 – New data released today by the United Nations show that under-five mortality rates have dropped by 49 per cent between 1990 and 2013. The average annual reduction has accelerated – in some countries it has even tripled – but overall progress is still short of meeting the global target of a two-thirds decrease in under-five mortality by 2015.

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World + 1 other
Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for DRM - Ethiopia Pilot Report

In September 2013, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) contracted Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia to conduct Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. Our central aim in the research is to draw lessons and guidance on ‘how to’ build DRM capacity in a range of contexts. Our research will analyse the characteristics, effectiveness and relative importance of a range of capacity building for DRM interventions across a variety of country contexts. To ‘road test’

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Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management - Literature Review: Version 1

This literature review has been conducted by Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia as part of a multi-donor research project led by IFRC focusing on Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. The preliminary objective of the review is to identify the boundaries of what is known about capacity building for DRM, in order to use this knowledge as a foundation for designing the broader research project.

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Our Daily Bread: What is the Evidence on Comparing Cash versus Food Transfers?

Report
World Bank

This paper reviews key issues in the ‘cash versus food’ debate, including as they relate to political economy, theory, evidence, and practice. In doing so, it benefited from a new generation of 12 impact evaluations deliberately comparing alternative transfer modalities. Findings show that differences in effectiveness vary by indicator, although they tend to be moderate on average. In some cases differences are more marked (i.e., food consumption and calorie availability), but in most instances they are not statistically significant.

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La faim recule dans le monde, mais 805 millions de personnes souffrent encore de sous-alimentation chronique

L’OMD consistant à réduire de moitié la proportion des affamés toujours possible d’ici à fin 2015

16 septembre 2014, Rome - Quelque 805 millions de personnes dans le monde, soit un être humain sur neuf, souffrent encore de la faim, selon un nouveau rapport diffusé aujourd'hui par les Nations Unies.

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World + 1 other
Make women agents for resilience

By Denis McClean

SHARM EL SHEIKH, 16 September 2014 - There were calls today for gender to be mainstreamed into the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction in a major debate on the role of women as change agents for resilience at the 2nd Arab Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.

UNISDR Head, Margareta Wahlström, observed that the reporting against the indicators for gender equality in disaster risk management as expressed in the current Hyogo Framework for Action, indicates that progress has been poor.

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Repenser le financement humanitaire des ONG nationales

Report
IRIN

LES POINTS CLÉS
- Les ONG reçoivent un petit pourcentage de l'aide humanitaire officielle directe
- Les grands bailleurs de fonds hésitent à financer les ONG nationales
- Déficit d'information sur les accords de financement par des tiers
- Les bailleurs de fonds doivent s'adapter aux changements

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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World + 2 others
Agricultural drought challenges Arab world

By Denis McClean

SHARM EL SHEIKH, 16 September 2014 - Agricultural drought and climate change are changing the landscape of the Arab region with enormous implications for food security, rural-urban migration and social stability, an expert told the 2nd Arab Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction yesterday.

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World + 3 others
Forced Migration Review supplement - Innovation and refugees

A special supplement of Forced Migration Review presents 11 articles, which reflect some of the thinking behind humanitarian innovation for displaced people, and some of its current manifestations.

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UNHCR, the Environment & Climate Change: An Overview

FOREWORD

Of some 51.2 million ‘persons of concern’ to UNHCR (refugees, asylum-seekers, returnees, internally displaced and stateless persons), the vast majority are concentrated in ‘climate change hotspots’ around the world.

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Planned Relocation, Disasters and Climate Change: Consolidating Good Practices and Preparing for the Future

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  1. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement (Brookings Institution), and Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM) organized an expert consultation on Planned Relocation, Disasters and Climate Change: Consolidating Good Practices and Preparing for the Future in Sanremo, Italy, from 12-14 March 2014. The main themes and findings from the consultations are synthesized in this executive summary.