Caribbean - Tropical Cyclone ERIKA
• ERIKA continues moving north-west as a Tropical Storm. On 27 August, at 9.00 UTC, its centre was located between Grand Terre of Guadeloupe and the island of Antigua.
• Over the next 24h, ERIKA’s intensity may slightly increase, but will remain a Tropical Storm. Its centre is forecast to pass near or over portions of the Leeward Islands and the British Virgin Islands on 27 August and near or north of Puerto Rico early on 28 August UTC.
Cuba – Drought
• Lack of rain from May to June has affected 68% of the country (11 provinces).
• Authorities refer to the current drought as the worst in the last 115 years. In Guantanamo, water usually used for agriculture is now used for human consumption.
SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
6 EUCP teams
4 EUCP experts associated to UNEP/UNOCHA missions
In total 35 EUCP Experts, along with 7 ERCC LO
18 Modules to Nepal
(Mainly search and rescue, module camps, medical post, and water purification)
Eu Voluntary Pool Of Assets Mobilized And Deployed
1 FFFP module to Greece
1 Laboratory to Guinea
2 Ebola Medevac Assets
This map, prepared for World Humanitarian Day 2015, shows the generalized subnational areas around the world of limited humanitarian access and security due to conflict in 2014 – 2015, as well as a bar chart showing the trend of increased attacks on humanitarian aid workers since 2000.
East Med & Balkan - ECHO involvement
In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia ECHO is providing financial support to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to assist 4 600 vulnerable migrants/refugees in need of humanitarian assistance.
Portugal – Forest fire
• The forest fire that broke out in the municipality of Gouveia, Guarda district, on 10 August, has been put under control, having burnt at least 2,363 ha.
Portugal – Forest fire
• A forest fire broke out in the municipality of Gouveia in the district of Guarda, central-northern Portugal, on 10 August. The fire is located near the civil parish of Aldeias e Mangualde da Serra. As of early 12 August, it was still active and nearly 400 firefighting personnel was involved in the extinguishing effort.
• According to EFFIS, the fire burnt an area of approx. 1,243 ha (as of 11 August).
• Heavy rains continued affecting northern Pakistan, causing more floods. As of 10 August (NDMA), there were: 182 dead, 124 injured, more than 12 000 damaged houses and over 1.3 million people affected.
• Over the next 48 h, isolated thunderstorms may still affect some areas of northern, eastern and south-eastern Pakistan.
Sources: NDMA, PMD (1,2), Alhasan Sustem, UN OCHA
• Severe weather has caused extensive damage in southern Asian countries over the past couple of weeks.
• As of 27 July (NDMA), due to the recent floods, there were: 69 death, 36 people injured and over 290,000 people affected.
• Over the next 48 h, widespread rains (locally heavy) are forecast for most of the country, maintaining the risk of further flash flooding in the already affected areas. As of 28 July (PMD), significant flood is forecast for river Indus at Taunsa on 30-31 July.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
In recent weeks, the Turkey to Greece sea passage has surpassed the North Africa to Italy route in volume of migrants and asylum seekers attempting to reach Europe. Increasing numbers of refugees are fleeing extreme human security situations in Syria (ranked 1st and most at risk out of the 198 countries assessed in Verisk Maplecroft’s Human Rights Risk Index 2015), Iraq (3rd) and Afghanistan (5th), placing further pressures on a weakening Greek economy and struggling infrastructure.