Markets are an important aspect of the livelihood where the majority of the world’s population depend upon. During disaster, market recovery is critical where it indicates the recuperation that livelihood, jobs and businesses rely upon. Humanitarian actors need to factor market analysis into their planning design. A failure to incorporate good understanding of market system may undermine livelihood rehabilitation, which can in turn prolong dependence on outside assistance.
Des toilettes commodément situées à proximité du bar Student Union à l’Université de l’Ouest de l’Angleterre (UWE Bristol), montrent que l’urine peut générer de l’électricité.
Ce prototype d’urinoir est le fruit d’un partenariat entre les chercheurs de l’UWE Bristol et Oxfam. On espère que la technologie de génération d’électricité à partir d’urine éclairera les cabinets dans les camps de réfugiés, souvent placés dans des endroits sombres et dangereux, en particulier pour les femmes.
Published: 5 March 2015
A toilet, conveniently situated near the Student Union Bar at the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol), is proving pee can generate electricity.
The prototype urinal is the result of a partnership between researchers at UWE Bristol and Oxfam. It is hoped the pee-power technology will light cubicles in refugee camps, which are often dark and dangerous places particularly for women.
The real possibility of eradicating global hunger and poverty in our lifetime is dependent upon the international community getting more serious in supporting smallholder agriculture – a sector that supports nearly 2 billion people and produces most of the world’s food.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Asia is at a Crossroads. Rising inequality poses a dire threat to continued prosperity in Asia, where an estimated 500 million people remain trapped in extreme poverty, most of them women and girls. The huge gap between rich and poor hinders economic growth, undermines democratic institutions and can trigger conflict.
The purpose of this guidance is to provide field practitioners, across the different sectors, with a practical step-by-step process of how to plan, carry out, and update pre-crisis market mapping and analysis, leading to response/programme design and implementation as well as surveillance, early warning system (EWS), and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).
Oxfam is one of the world’s leading providers of humanitarian aid in emergencies. In 2014, it supported around 5.5 million people in crisis. Whenever and wherever there is a widespread threat to people’s life and security, Oxfam will respond where it feels it can make a positive difference. We deliver assistance (including, water, sanitation, emergency food security and livelihoods) and strive to ensure civilians are protected from violence.
Après plus de dix ans de campagne, le Traité sur le commerce des armes (TCA) des Nations unies entre enfin dans le droit international, aujourd’hui même. Oxfam en collaboration avec la coalition Contrôlez les Armes, qui se sont mobilisées pour faire de ce traité une réalité, saluent cette importante victoire.
Après avoir voté en faveur du traité au mois d’avril de l’an dernier, le Canada ne l’a toujours pas signé ou ratifié.
About this paper
Author: Rosalba Landa and Beatriz Olivera
Post date: 4 December 2014
Central American countries contribute little to climate change, but will endure some of its most negative consequences.
As well as greatly affecting food production and the life of farming and indigenous communities, it will also increase the magnitude and frequency of extreme climatic events that impact the region.
With the support of partners, this research report presents, by country, the consequences of climate change in Central America.
Food security in southern Africa relies upon small-scale agriculture, a sector in which women take the lead. However, smallholder farmers are among the most vulnerable people to food insecurity, often lacking the resources and access needed to produce or procure adequate food. The effects of climate change exacerbate their vulnerability, which further compromises the food security of the entire region.
Nine of the G20 countries have failed to deliver adequate support in the fight against Ebola despite calls for more help and the fact they are the largest economies in the world, Oxfam says today.
The international agency warns that they have failed to provide their ‘fair share’ of money and medical support that should be expected given their size. Oxfam calls on them to step up at the G20 summit meeting in Brisbane this weekend.
Climate-related disasters and food crises are devastating thousands of lives and holding back development across Asia. A year on from the devastating super-typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, Oxfam calls for governments across Asia, backed by regional and global institutions and fair contributions from wealthy countries, to ramp up efforts to address these challenges. Without greater investment in climate and disaster-resilient development and more effective assistance for those at risk, super-typhoon Haiyan-scale disasters could fast become the norm, not the exception.
Natural disasters, such as cyclones and floods, are a reality of living in the Pacific. The impact of such disasters can be significant and given the remoteness of some islands response from outside is often difficult or even impossible. That is why increasing the capacity of national and local authorities to manage and reduce the impact of disasters, as well as improve the preparedness and resilience of communities, is a priority for Pacific Island governments and the many humanitarian partners in the region.
Humanitarian partnerships between national and international organisations are a long-established means of responding to humanitarian need. As long ago as 1994 the NGO/Red Cross Code of Conduct emphasised the importance of working collaboratively with national organisations, and in 2007 the Principles of Partnership outlined best practice in humanitarian partnership working.
Le changement climatique aggrave d’ores et déjà la faim au sein de certaines populations, et ce en grand partie en raison du recours massif aux énergies fossiles, qui représente la source la plus importante d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre à l’échelle mondiale.
Sur la base des tendances actuelles, la température de la planète augmentera de 4 à 6ºC d’ici à la fin du XXIe siècle, et de plus de 2ºC durant la vie de la plupart des lecteurs du présent rapport.
People around the world are trapped in a “toxic triangle” of short-term financial investors, timid governments and fossil fuel companies, which threatens to push up global temperatures, putting 400 million people at risk of hunger and drought by 2060, Oxfam warns today.
Posted by Alvaro Valverde Private Sector Adviser (ICTs), Dennis Aviles Sustainable Agriculture and Gender Adviser
Oxfam recently embarked on an innovative partnership in mNutrition, a programme, which aims to use mobile phones to help fight hunger and malnutrition in Asia and Africa. Here Alvaro Valverde and Dennis Aviles from the Economic Justice Team, explain how and why we're involved.