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2013 set a new record for violence against civilian aid operations, with 251 separate attacks affecting 460 aid workers. The spike in attacks in 2013 was driven by escalating conflicts and deterioration of governance in countries like Syria and South Sudan.
Violencia contra trabajadores humanitarios en 2013
In June 2014, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$75 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support 11 countries in two regions where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low: West Africa’s Sahel and the Horn of Africa. With this regional approach, CERF aims to help relief agencies address the complex and interlinked regional consequences of violent conflict, mass displacement of people and deepening food insecurity. This is the second of two annual Underfunded Emergencies (UFE) rounds.
A study on the implications of climate change and urbanization for environmental emergency preparedness and response
Climate change: Climate-related disasters affected an estimated 2.6 billion people between 1999 and 2009, with the cost of responding to such disasters increasing tenfold between 1992 and 2008.
Urbanization: More than half of the world’s population lives in cities and, by 2030, the urban population is expected to exceed 5 billion.
The Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU) responds to environmental emergencies by coordinating international efforts and mobilizing partners. By pairing the environmental expertise of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the humanitarian network coordinated by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to environmental emergencies.
In 2013 ReliefWeb continued to implement its ‘Strategy and Vision’ with the aim of becoming the humanitarian community’s ‘one stop shop’ for information. ReliefWeb is a service provided by OCHA that assists humanitarians to easily find reports, evaluations, analyses, maps, infographics, jobs announcements and training events from over 3,500 sources worldwide.
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team is part of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC, as a tool of OCHA, also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency.
The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocated almost US$482 million in 2013. More than $307 million went to immediate life-saving assistance through CERF’s rapid response window and over $174 million - the most ever - was allocated during the two underfunded emergency rounds to bolster aid operations in 22 poorly funded humanitarian crises.
Since the beginning of 2013, CERF has allocated more than US$473 million. Almost $299 million went to immediate life-saving assistance through CERF’s rapid response window and more than $174 million was allocated in the two underfunded emergency rounds to bolster aid operations in 22 poorly funded humanitarian crises.
When disasters strike, in-kind emergency relief items are sent from around the world. Until now, there has been no way to centrally record international contributions of humanitarian relief items.
To fill this gap, OCHA created LogIK (Logistics In-Kind) — a new online database that records these contributions. It gathers logistics information such as the sender, the origin, the destination and the details of the items.
LogIK also allows users to produce analytical reports about in-kind assistance.
ReliefWeb is a specialized web service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, providing 24/7 information services for humanitarians worldwide. To take the ReliefWeb platform from its previous state and develop it into a one-stop-shop - or Hub - for humanitarian information, in 2012 we put in place a clear Vision and Strategy.
The Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU) is a collaborative arrangement between the United Nations Environment Programme and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. It responds to environmental emergencies by coordinating international efforts and mobilizing partners to support affected countries requesting assistance.
The Financial Tracking Service (FTS) is managed by OCHA and is a global, on-line, real-time database of humanitarian funding needs and international contributions. In 2012 FTS celebrates 20 years of recording international humanitarian funding.
The Emergency Response Roster (ERR) is OCHA’s central mechanism for the deploying of internal surge during the initial emergency phase. There are approximately 35 OCHA staff on the ERR who can deployat short notice, usually for six weeks but sometimes up to three months. Staff are placed on the ERR for a six-month period, with supervisors pre-clearing their possible deployment. Since 2007 the ERR has deployed 192 staff for a total of 8,701 deployment days to some 40 countries.
The global humanitarian community is facing evolving challenges to finding timely and reliable information on natural disasters and other crises. With more than 8 million unique users annually, and with a proven business model, ReliefWeb is uniquely positioned as the platform on which OCHA can grow and expand its communications with the external humanitarian community. But what does it look like to take ReliefWeb from its current state to its future vision—to serve as a “onestop shop” for the global humanitarian community?
Icons optimized and hosted for use in online maps (64 and 32 pixel png images) by google. The 64px icons are recommended for use in Google Earth, and 32px icons are recommended for Google Maps. http://mw1.google.com/crisisresponse/icons/un-ocha/index.html
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The aim of the “cluster” approach is to strengthen partnerships and ensure more predictability and accountability in international responses to humanitarian emergencies, by clarifying the division of labour among organisations, and better defining their roles and responsibilities within the key sectors of the response.
Cluster leads are responsible for ensuring response capacity is in place and that assessment, planning and response activities are carried out in collaboration with partners and in accordance with agreed standards and guidelines.
Appeals organize the plans and resource requirements; pooled funds offer a convenient means for donors to fund appeals. Humanitarian actors on the ground come together to jointly analyze needs, develop a common humanitarian strategy, elaborate projects and monitor and measure collective results. This plan is presented anchored in a Consolidated Appeal document, developed annually, or a Flash Appeal, issued whenever a new humanitarian emergency requires it, with a 3-6 month planning horizon.