Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climatic pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
As the impact of El Nino translates into increased food assistance needs across most areas of WFP’s operations, WFP could be stretched operationally and financially during 2016.
Urgent action is needed to enable WFP to sustain its food and nutrition assistance to affected populations and to help reduce their vulnerability to further shocks.
2016 Requirements: US$4,209,600
Burundi: As the security situation continues to deteriorate, the UN Security Council has expressed concern over possible mass atrocities and ethnic violence. Clashes continues in several areas of the country. Burundian refugees in DRC expressed fears over possible cross-border attacks by government forces.
22 de enero, 2016 — El Niño amenaza la salud de 60 millones de personas en países en desarrollo, advirtió hoy la Organización Mundial de la Salud.
La OMS asegura que el fenómeno climatológico está asociado con la propagación del cólera, la malaria, el sarampión y otras enfermedades en África, Sudamérica y el Pacífico.
El Niño provoca el calentamiento de una parte del Océano Pacífico, lo que está afectando a los patrones de lluvia y las temperaturas, especialmente en las regiones tropicales.
22 janvier 2016 – L'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) et ses partenaires ont prédit vendredi pour cette année une forte hausse des conséquences néfastes en matière de santé des situations d'urgence créées dans le monde par le phénomène climatique El Niño, estimant qu'elles affecteront au moins 60 millions de personnes.
El Niño threatens at least 60 million people in high-risk developing countries, WHO says
Geneva, 22 January 2016—The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners predict a major global increase in health consequences of emergencies this year due to El Niño.
Nigeria: An outbreak of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever was announced in Nigeria on 8 January. At least 140 suspected cases and 30 confirmed cases, including 53 deaths, have been reported in 14 states. The indicated case fatality rate stands at 37.9%.
Gambia: Almost 182,000 people (9% of the population) are severely food insecure after erratic rains caused drought and crop failure. Most affected regions are Upper River, West Coast, and Northern Bank.
As the climatic phenomenon commonly known as El Niño disturbs weather patterns across the Pacific and much of Asia, the European Commission has partnered with the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) to enhance the resilience of the most populated country in the Pacific, Papua New Guinea – where the impact has been the most severe so far.
DRC: Violence between Hutu and Nande, in Miriki, Lubero, Nord-Kivu, allegedly over land, has left 17 dead and over 20,000 displaced. The displaced urgently need food and drinking water.
Iraq: In Ramadi and Hawija, Islamic State has stalled civilians’ attempts to escape conflict zones and persecution. People from Hawija must trek for two days across mountainous terrain to reach safety: 60 people were reported to have died on the journey between November 2015 and January 2016.
Current conditions and forecast
Oceanic and atmospheric indicators suggest the 2015/2016 El Niño has peaked with a return to neutral conditions expected during the second quarter of 2016. However, countries continue to feel the effects of El Niño which include below average precipitation during the rainy season, more intense cyclones in the North-Western Pacific and potentially more frequent cyclones in the South Pacific over the coming weeks, as well as drought in South and South-East Asia.
7 January 2016 – Briefing United Nations Member States today on the wildly varied and devastating impacts of the current El Niño weather phenomenon – which for months has sparked massive floods in some countries while leaving others, often in the same region, bone dry – the top UN relief official urged the international community to act now to help millions of people facing food insecurity.
Zimbabwe: A poor 2014/2015 harvest coupled with delayed onset of rains this cropping season have left 1.5 million people facing food insecurity from January through March 2016. Government maize stocks are dangerously low and humanitarian food assistance plans underfunded. Over 850,000 people urgently require assistance.
By UNICEF EAPRO
2015 was a big year for UNICEF in East Asia and the Pacific. We responded to emergencies in the Pacific, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea and elsewhere. We published groundbreaking research on HIV/AIDS among adolescents and a report on the cost of violence against children to help change policies to protect the most vulnerable. And there was a sprinkling of stardust with UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador David Beckham visiting Cambodia and Papua New Guinea.
By , Jessika Bohr
The momentum generated in the last days, weeks and months around the importance of tackling climate change should now be put to use to serve the most vulnerable children – those who bear the brunt of climate change today. This is very evident in the East Asia and Pacific region, the world’s most disaster prone region.
Aid agencies call for urgent action as failed harvests, stunted crops and soaring prices trigger widespread food shortages in Africa, the Caribbean and Asia
Aid agencies have warned that tens of millions of people in Africa, the Caribbean and Asia face severe hunger in the next six months following failed harvests, stunted crops and soaring prices of staple foods.
Read the full article on The Guardian
29 de diciembre, 2015 — Los tornados violentos que han azotado Estados Unidos, las nevadas anormales en México y las grandes inundaciones en Sudamérica y el Reino Unido acontecidos en los últimos días demuestran que los gobiernos deben adoptar acciones preventivas para reducir las pérdidas humanas y económicas, afirmó hoy la responsable de la Oficina de Naciones Unidas para la Reducción de Riesgos de Desastres (UNISDIR).