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Central America is world's first cluster bomb-free region

09/02/2014 23:57 GMT

SAN JOSÉ, September 2, 2014 (AFP) - From Guatemala down to Panama, Central America has become the world's first region to declare itself free from cluster bombs, officials said Tuesday.

The weapons, which eject explosive bomblets, have killed some 55,000 people worldwide in the past five years, experts say.

Belize's accession to the treaty banning them means they join the rest of Central America -- Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.

Agence France-Presse:

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Global Weather Hazards Summary August 29 - September 4, 2014

Rainfall expected to alleviate some dryness in Central America and Haiti

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Below-average rains during the Belg season and a late onset of the Kiremt rains have led to persistent moisture deficits, which have delayed planting and hurt the development of already-planted crops over the Arsi and West Arsi areas of central Ethiopia.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary August 22-28, 2014

Dryness expected to continue in much of Central America, Haiti, and Central Asia

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since early June, poor rainfall distribution has delayed planting and hurt crop development in northeastern Nigeria. Although an increase in rainfall was observed recently, continued favorable rainfall amounts are needed to overcome long-term deficits.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary August 15-21, 2014

preview

Severe dryness persists in Latin America and Haiti, with flooding in Sudan and South Sudan

  1. Since early June, seasonal rainfall has been below average and infrequent across northeastern Nigeria, leading to growing moisture deficits. While there is a chance for some relief with increased rainfall forecast during the upcoming outlook period, abnormally dry ground conditions are expected to persist, which still may negatively impact developing crops later into the season.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary August 8-14, 2014

Severe dryness continues across Latin America and Haiti, with dryness and flooding in parts of Africa

  1. Since early June, seasonal rainfall has been below average and infrequent across northeastern Nigeria, leading to growing moisture deficits. While there is a chance for some relief with increased rainfall forecast during the upcoming outlook period, anomalously dry ground conditions are expected to persist, which still may negatively impact developing crops later into the season.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary July 18-24, 2014

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Above-average rain during the past 30 days has saturated ground conditions and caused localized flooding in parts of South Sudan and southern Sudan. Above-average rains forecast during the next week are expected to increase the risk of localized flash flooding
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Global Weather Hazards Summary July 11-17, 2014

Flooding possible in Mali, Sudan, and South Sudan; dryness continues in Central America and Haiti

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Heavy and above-average rains since May has oversaturated ground conditions in southern Mali and resulted in rainfall surpluses greater than 200 percent of normal in some locations. With heavy rain forecast for the next week, the risk for new flooding across the region will be increased.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary July 4-10, 2014

Heavy rains in West Africa and Guatemala, with dryness in Haiti, Honduras, and Nicaragua

  1. Heavy and above average rains since the beginning of June have led to oversaturated ground conditions in Sierra Leone, Liberia, southern Guinea, and western Cote D’Ivoire. The heavy downpours forecast during the next week will increase the risk of new flooding across the region.
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Green Growth in Practice – Lessons from Country Experiences

The Green Growth Best Practice (GGBP) initiative has issued a new report to help governments transition their economies successfully to climate compatible development.

A new report launched today by the Green Growth Best Practice (GGBP) initiative, pulls together the many tangible benefits that governments and communities are realising through the adoption of green growth policies.

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Rapid Risk Assessment - Chikungunya outbreak in Caribbean region

Report
European Union

Main conclusions and options for action

• This is the first documented autochthonous transmission of chikungunya virus in the Americas. The outbreak started on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin in early December 2013 and expanded through the Caribbean during the first half of 2014. Recently, suspected autochthonous cases have been reported from Central America (Costa Rica and El Salvador), raising concern about virus spread in continental America where Aedes aegypti is endemic.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary June 20-26, 2014

Dryness continues in East Africa, Honduras and Nicaragua, with flooding possible in West Africa and Guatemala

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poor rainfall distribution during the March-May rainfall season hurt agricultural and pastoral activities throughout western Kenya, parts of northeastern Uganda, southeastern South Sudan, and northwestern Tanzania. Southern Ethiopia and northwestern Kenya are forecast to receive limited rains during the next week, which could sustain poor agricultural and pastoral conditions.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary June 13-19, 2014

Dryness continues in parts of East Africa, Central America and Haiti; flooding in Guatemala and West Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poor rainfall distribution during March-May rainfall season hurt agricultural and pastoral activities throughout western Kenya, parts of northwestern Tanzania. Although some areas could still receive enhanced rains over the next week, the ending rainy season could further worsen ground conditions.

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La ONU realizará una consulta internacional sobre violencia contra la niñez

Report
UN News Service

10 de junio, 2014 — La representante especial del Secretario General de la ONU sobre Violencia contra la Niñez, Marta Santos Pais, impulsará una consulta internacional, en colaboración con UNICEF y el gobierno de Costa Rica, para evaluar como se puede poner fin a ese flagelo.

UNICEF calcula que 150 millones de niñas y más de 50 millones de niños son víctimas de explotación sexual en todo el mundo cada año.

Solo en Costa Rica, unos 200.000 menores fueron víctimas de distintos tipos de abuso en 2013. Esa cifra es cuatro veces superior a la registrada un año antes.

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Risk-informed decision-making: An agenda for improving risk assessments under HFA2

More frequent and intense climate extremes are expected as the climate changes; this, combined with changing patterns of exposure and vulnerability, is creating new geographic distributions of risk that need to be addressed explicitly through public policy. Disaster risk assessments are produced and promoted on the basis that they provide the information, analysis and knowledge needed to make sound choices and investments that reduce the human impact of environmental hazards.

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Five-fold increase in dengue cases in the Americas over the past decade

2013 was one of the worst years for dengue in the Americas, with 2.3 million cases, including 37,705 severe cases and 1,289 deaths. By comparison, the number of cases reported regionwide in 2003 was 517,617.

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Los casos de dengue en las Américas se quintuplicaron en diez años, según nuevos datos de la OPS/OMS

Sin embargo, un mejor manejo de los pacientes permitió reducir los fallecimientos de la enfermedad desde 2010

Washington, D.C., 29 de mayo de 2014 (OPS/OMS).- Los casos de dengue se quintuplicaron en las Américas entre 2003 y 2013, según datos de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud/ Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS/OMS) dados a conocer en el marco de una reunión regional de alto nivel que analizó la situación y la estrategia regional contra el dengue durante esa década.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary May 23-29, 2014

Drought conditions likely in parts of Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Tanzania

Africa Weather Hazards

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Global Weather Hazards Summary May 16-22, 2014

Dryness continues across parts of East Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

1.Consistently above average early season rainfall across central Côte d’Ivoire has resulted in saturated grounds and 30-day rainfall anomalies exceeding 100 mm. Additional heavy rain forecast for the next week could cause localized flooding.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary May 2-8, 2014

Dryness developing in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poorly distributed seasonal rainfall since February has led to deteriorating ground conditions in western Angola. As seasonal rains are expected to decline this month, these long-term moisture deficits are likely to harm crop and pastoral conditions for many areas.

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Global Weather Hazards Summary April 18-24, 2014

Continued moisture deficits likely to harm crop and pastoral conditions in Angola

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Poorly distributed seasonal rainfall since February has led to deteriorating ground conditions in western Angola. As seasonal rains are expected to decline this month, these long-term moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact crop and pastoral conditions for many areas.