WHO has called for a coordinated and multisectoral response through an inter-agency Strategic Response Framework focusing on response, surveillance and research.
39 countries have reported locally acquired circulation of the virus since January 2007. Geographical distribution of the virus has steadily expanded.
An Emergency Committee was convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) on 1 February 2016. Following the advice of the Committee, the Director-General announced the recent cluster of microcephaly and other neurologic disorders reported in Brazil to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
This document outlines the strategy of the Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) for the enhancement of technical cooperation to Member States in light of the rapid regional dissemination of Zika virus since November 2015. This technical cooperation builds on ongoing efforts to strengthen the detection, prevention, and response to arboviral illnesses.
This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2,380,409 Swiss francs (CHF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the National Societies in the Americas region to deliver assistance and support to 200,000 people through direct intervention and 1 million people through indirect community engagement, with a focus on health, water, sanitation, hygiene promotion and preparedness. This regional Emergency Appeal is launched on a preliminary basis pending further assessment and revision in the coming weeks.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 24-30 January 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, Ebola virus disease and MERS.
• Zika virus is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes mild fever and rash. Other symptoms include muscle pain, joint pain, headache, pain behind the eyes and conjunctivitis.
• Zika virus disease is usually mild, with symptoms lasting only a few days. The disease has similar clinical signs to dengue, and may be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.
Tropical Storm ERIKA continued moving west-northwest over the northern Atlantic Ocean towards the Leeward Islands. On 27 August at 3.00 UTC its centre was located approximately 175km east-southeast of Antigua and it had maximum sustained winds of 74 km/h.
A large-scale tsunami response exercise will take place in the Caribbean on 25 March. The purpose of this exercise is to test the Tsunami and other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions, established in 2005 under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO). It is designed to evaluate the response capacity of Caribbean countries and adjacent regions* in the event of a dangerous tsunami. The organizers** of the test have prepared two scenarii.
NICARAGUA - EARTHQUAKE
• An earthquake of magnitude 7.3M and depth 40km occurred off the Pacific coast of Nicaragua, on 14 October, 3.51 UTC.
• A Tsunami Threat message was issued on 4.11 UTC by the PTWC, for the coasts of Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador up to 300km from the epicentre. JRC calculations indicate a possible tsunami generation of up to 0.1m in the northern coast of Chinandega. The Tsunami warning was discontinued at 4.35 UTC.