AUGUST 17, 2017
By Alice Greider
During the peak of the European migration and refugee crisis, hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers and migrants arrived in the European Union via the Western Balkans. In 2015, 600,000 registered at the Presevo camp alone, on the border of Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Key components of crisis management fell to non-EU states along the Western Balkans route, primarily Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, which paradoxically were not consulted on broader, European-wide responses.
Geneva – Some 19,088 migrants have returned home voluntarily with assistance from IOM, the UN Migration Agency, from 1 April to 30 June 2017, according to the IOM AVRR quarterly bulletin published today (18/08). These migrants have returned from 81 host and transit countries to 136 countries and territories of origin.
- A new story: We worked on a new story for Dorcas in 2016, with various departments and stakeholders giving their input.
Extreme or very high danger in southern and eastern Portugal; southern and central Spain and Mallorca; southern Corsica and the Mediterranean region of France; Sicily, Sardinia and southern and central Italy; coastal Croatia; central Albania; eastern Hungary; northern and eastern Serbia; former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; central Kosovo under UNSCR 1244; parts of south-west Romania; south-east and north-west Bulgaria; southern mainland Greece and the Cyclades islands; parts of central Cyprus; central and south-west Turkey.
Arrivals in the Mediterranean from 01 January until 30 June 2017 total 102,847 (Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus, including arrivals to the Canary Islands and by land to Spain). This compares to 231,075 for the same period in 2016. In the first half of the year, 9,286 persons arrived in Greece by sea (158,377 arrived during same period in 2016, a decrease by 94%).
Information, identification and referrals of Persons with Specific Needs (PSN):
More than 75,700 translation services provided, mainly for authorities
Some 35,000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants provided with information
Over 7,600 protection interviews conducted
Over 4,200 persons entered in the UNHCR Global proGres database
Over 1,500 PSN identified and referred to appropriate services, including 25 cases of gender based violence
Extreme or very high danger in southern, central and eastern Portugal, the eastern Canary Islands and south, central and north-east Spain; northern Corsica and the Mediterranean coast of France; Sicily, Sardinia, and southern mainland Italy; Malta; most of Kosovo under UNSCR 1244; most of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; central Albania; parts of south-eastern Romania, parts of southern Bulgaria; southern Crete and south-east mainland Greece; central Cyprus; central, east and west Turkey.
6,402 interviews were conducted in Greece, Hungary, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from January to June 2016 and 2,140 surveyed were conducted in Greece, Hungary, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from January to June 2017
About DTM`s Flow Monitoring Surveys
• During the first half of 2017, close to 93,000 refugees and migrants arrived on European shores mainly through the Central Mediterranean Route - around half of them arrived in just May and June 2017. While barely one in six of sea arrivals this year are children, the number of unaccompanied or separated children (UASC) coming to Italy is on the rise with 11,406 newly registered UASC between January and June 2017.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is appealing for US$421.2 million to help provide meaningful alternatives to refugees and others undertaking dangerous journeys to Europe.
The number of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe from Africa through Libya is increasing and, with it, the risks they face crossing the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea. In the first six months of this year, 2,171 refugees and migrants died or went missing in the Central Mediterranean, many others are believed to have died trying to cross into Libya.
According to available data, in the first half of 2017, there were more than 100,000 arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain (101,559). This represents a 58% decrease when compared to the same period in 2016 when 239,925 arrivals were registered. This is mainly due to the sharpe decrease in arrivals to Greece.
Today the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect celebrates the World Day for International Justice. Holding perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes accountable for their actions plays an essential role in delivering justice for victims of mass atrocity crimes and preventing their recurrence. Every state, and the international community as a whole, has a role to play in this historic battle against impunity.
Trends and key figures
Since 01 January 2017 until 30 June 2017, 102,847 refugees and migrants have arrived in the Mediterranean (Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus, including arrivals to the Canary Islands and by land to Spain). Arrivals by sea in this period comprised of 17 per cent children, 12 per cent women and 71 per cent men.
In December 2015, Altai Consulting was commissioned by Save the Children’s Middle East and Eurasia Regional Office to conduct a research study on the protection of children fleeing from the Syria conflict and traveling to Europe. Fieldwork was conducted over January and February 2016 and culminated in a total of 198 interviews across 19 locations in eight countries: Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Serbia, and Croatia.
The requirements presented in this funding snapshot refer to the 2017 Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan covering the period January to December 2017 available at http://reporting.unhcr.org/publications
RRP requirements: $690,935,678
Funding received: $148,074,212
% funded: 21%
In Serbia and FYR Macedonia, SOS Children’s Villages technology centres offer various learning opportunities
Belgrade, 19 June 2017 – International Organization for Migration(IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Serbia (UNHCR) presented today the Global Compact on Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees.