PALERMO, Italy, Aug 28 (UNHCR) – Abdel pushed his face up to the cracks between the wooden floorboards, gasping for air.
Next to him between 200 and 300 migrants and refugees – who departed Zuwarah, Libya in the early hours of Tuesday morning on a rickety wooden boat – were suffocating in the pitch-black hold.
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
Agency Reports and Open Source Data
Most of our knowledge about humanitarian security hot spots comes from publicly-reported events. This briefing summarizes confidential information from 10 agencies about a range of security events, from those that severely affect staff to those that affect agencies’ ability to deliver aid.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
ISTANBUL, 26 août 2015 (IRIN) - Le terme « famine » est l’un des plus forts du vocabulaire humanitaire, doté du pouvoir de faire apparaître des images insoutenables de souffrance humaine, de désespoir et d’échec mondial. En théorie, ça devrait être l’équivalent humanitaire d’une alarme incendie – à n’utiliser qu’en cas d’extrême urgence.
La semaine dernière, la directrice du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) a brisé la glace en alertant que le Yémen risquait de connaître la famine si la tendance actuelle se confirmait.
By Joe Dyke
ISTANBUL, 24 August 2015 (IRIN) - Famine is among the most loaded words in the humanitarian lexicon, with the power to conjure up unbearable images of human suffering, desperation and global failure. In theory, it should be the humanitarian equivalent of the fire alarm – to be used only in absolute emergencies.
Last week, the head of the World Food Programme (WFP) smashed the glass – warning that Yemen was facing a famine if current trends continue.
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
Cuba – Drought
• Lack of rain from May to June has affected 68% of the country (11 provinces).
• Authorities refer to the current drought as the worst in the last 115 years. In Guantanamo, water usually used for agriculture is now used for human consumption.
Le Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, António Guterres, se félicite de la déclaration conjointe franco-britannique à propos de la situation à Calais ainsi que du plan d’action qui y est associé, tel qu’il a été annoncé aujourd’hui.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, welcomes the joint Franco-British declaration on the situation in Calais and the associated action plan announced today.
August 17, 2015 - The recent government reaction to the events in Calais has focused on strengthening border control as a primary response. As many European states, including the UK, take this approach, the complex mixed migration flows and causes of human mobility have been lost in a heated debate characterised by increased security and threats to deport irregular migrants.
The number of people targeted through coordinated humanitarian appeals rose from 76 million in 31 countries in December 2014 to 78.9 million people in 37 countries in June 2015. This figure now stands at over 82 million.*
US$6.6 billion have been received within the coordinated appeal framework.
The total humanitarian funding received inside and outside coordinated appeals stands at $11.5 billion. It is worth noting that $23.2 billion is the total amount received inside and outside the appeals last year in 2014.
This map, prepared for World Humanitarian Day 2015, shows the generalized subnational areas around the world of limited humanitarian access and security due to conflict in 2014 – 2015, as well as a bar chart showing the trend of increased attacks on humanitarian aid workers since 2000.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2016
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Italy - The number of migrants and asylum seekers who have arrived in Europe by sea so far in 2015 is now approaching a quarter of a million, according to IOM analysis.
With rescues at sea occurring at a rate of over 1,000 migrants a day this summer off Italy and Greece, the number of arrivals has already surpassed the total arrivals in 2014.
Deaths at sea are also at record levels this year. In the last eight days there have been two more shipwrecks in the Mediterranean, pushing total fatalities calculated by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project to at least 2,300.
By Peter Crowley
Today marks one year since we have had a case of the wild poliovirus anywhere in Africa, the last having been reported from Somalia with a date of onset of 11th August 2014.
What an extraordinary achievement and what a powerful symbol of the progress that has been made on the African continent over the past generation.
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Post-Crisis Environmental Assessment
Post-Crisis Environmental Recovery
Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding
CHAPTER 4 Disaster Risk Reduction