This report provides a UK perspective on the global human rights situation during 2014, and examples of what the government is doing to promote human rights and democratic values overseas. It reviews the situation in specific countries and against the thematic priorities around which our work is organised.
One of the most striking trends of 2014 was the pressure put by governments on civil society organisations in many parts of the world, damaging human rights and the economic interests of those same countries.
The year opened with a worsening of the ongoing conflicts in Yemen, Nigeria and Ukraine, each with potentially major regional implications. Violence escalated in Sudan, as well as in Lebanon's Tripoli and along its southern border with Israel, and a deadly clash between police and militants in the southern Philippines threatened to derail the peace process there. In South Asia, both Bangladesh and Nepal saw political tensions intensify.
All over the world, human rights defenders (HRDs) are willing to put up with the considerable risks that come with promoting and protecting civil and political rights. Intimidation, blacklisting, imprisonment and even the criminalisation of their actions are merely a few examples of the dangers they are faced with on a daily basis. How can we best ensure their protection? What is the role of Swiss governmental and non-governmental actors? And which protective mechanisms are being taken at the level of international policy?
World Report 2015: Rights Aren’t Wrong in Tough Times
Human Rights a Path Out of Crisis and Chaos
(Beirut, January 29, 2015) – Governments make a big mistake when they ignore human rights to counter serious security challenges, Human Rights Watch said today in releasing its annual world report.
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net, focuses on the important theme of 'Building Resilience for All'. It highlights the actions that are needed and the best practices that are prevalent among humanitarian agencies across the globe to build the resilience of the most marginalised and neglected groups. As eclectic as the field of resilience building, this issue contains a wide array of experiences and opinions on this important theme.
MOSCOW – Recognising a solid and growing relationship, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the government of the Russian Federation today signed an important strategic partnership agreement that will spearhead joint efforts on many fronts to end global hunger and malnutrition.
After a rainy season lull, South Sudan’s warring parties are preparing for major offensives with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO) this week launching attacks on Bentiu, capital of oil-producing Unity state (see our recent Conflict Alert). Hardliners in the government and the SPLA-IO appear determined to settle the conflict through war.
The U.S. expanded its aerial campaign against Islamic State (IS) militants in late September with strikes in Syria’s north and east. The operation, which targets both IS and fighters linked to al-Qaeda’s central leadership and the affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra, risks alienating other rebel groups in Syria and strengthening support for IS.
Sixty-ninth General Assembly
14th & 15th Meetings (AM & PM)
Amid growing global tensions and turmoil, fostering neighbourly relations was vital to national development and prosperity and in keeping with the “surge of democracy” spreading throughout the world, the General Assembly heard today as debate continued into the weekend.
Stronger collaboration between five emerging economies that have made major strides in building better quality education systems, can accelerate progress in education, a new UNESCO report recommends.
BRICS (Brazil, Russian, India, China and South Africa): Building Education for the Future is the first in-depth analysis tracking the successes and challenges facing education in the countries. BRICS are currently providing education to over 40 percent of the world’s population.
Four recent extreme weather events – the 2010 heat wave in Russia, the flooding in Pakistan in the same year, the 2010–2011 drought in East Africa and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013 – were notable for their intensity, duration, and impacts on livelihoods and food security.
The fight for control of Libya between the Misrata-led Islamist-leaning coalition and the Zintan-led forces is escalating by the day. Hundreds have been killed and thousands displaced in over six weeks of clashes and heavy artillery fire. The Misrata side emerged victorious in the battle over Tripoli’s international airport, taking control of the capital, and made advances around Benghazi, but the larger political divide remains unresolved.
BRUSSELS, Belgium, September 1 (UNHCR) – Three years ago, Railya Abulkhanova told a UNHCR film crew that she felt like a tumbleweed. "It rolls . . . with the breeze it rolls away. That is what it is. That is statelessness," she said in the story-telling series interview. "And me; I want to put down roots," Railya added.
The UN decision to officially celebrate the World Humanitarian Day was directed to raise awareness about humanitarian activity worldwide and to demonstrate importance of international cooperation in the field.
The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations constantly conducts humanitarian operations abroad pursuant to decisions made by the Russian President and Government. The Emergencies Ministry coordinates its activity with the Russian Foreign Ministry and organizes cooperation with the concerned federal executive authorities.
Increasing Israeli-Palestinian tensions culminated in Israel launching "Operation Protective Edge" in Gaza in early July (see our latest report and commentary). The assault, which started as an aerial campaign and was later extended to include ground operations, reportedly killed more than 1,400 Palestinians throughout the month while 64 Israelis were killed in clashes inside the Gaza Strip and by Hamas rocket fire. Several attempts at reaching a ceasefire agreement failed in July.
07/16/2014 12:39 GMT
Par Agnes Pedrero
GENÈVE, 16 juillet 2014 (AFP) - Les décès liés au sida dans le monde ont chuté de plus de 30% en 10 ans, tout comme le nombre de nouvelles infections par le VIH, laissant espérer que l'épidémie puisse être vaincue d'ici à 2030 grâce notamment à une généralisation du dépistage, a indiqué mercredi l'Onusida.
From the director
I had the pleasure of joining the IDMC team in 2013, taking the helm from Kate Halff, who after four years of the excellent work and dedicated service, left the organisation in May.
2013 was another year of turmoil for many. Conflicts and disasters worldwide forced millions of people to flee their homes, leaving many stuck in limbo within the borders of their own country.
Geneva, 11 July 2014 (WMO) - Weather, climate and water-related disasters are on the rise worldwide, causing loss of life and setting back economic and social development by years, if not decades. From 1970 to 2012, 8 835 disasters, 1.94 million deaths, and US$ 2.4 trillion of economic losses were reported globally as a result of hazards such as droughts, extreme temperatures, floods, tropical cyclones and related health epidemics, according to a new report.