Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Fifteenth Session, 12th & 13th Meetings* (AM)
Economic and Social Council
Conflicts over land and natural resources — many of which turned bloody — continued to plague indigenous communities across the globe, stressed speakers today as the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues held two panel discussions focused on peace, conflict and resolution.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Moscow -- The Government of Russia will be making a $10 million contribution towards UNDP programmes which support efforts to mitigate and prevent the negative effects of climate change in developing countries.
The announcement was made just a few days ahead of the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement and during the first annual Consultation Meeting on the partnership implementation between UNDP and the Russian Federation in Moscow this week.
Since 2007, Generations For Peace has trained 8,920 volunteers from 50 countries, and with our support, volunteer-led programmes have reached 229,020 children, youth, and adults in communities facing different forms of violence. Our cascading model, in which volunteers we have trained directly (1st generation) go on to train other 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and even up to 6th generation volunteers in their communities, increases our reach and reinforces the sustainability of our efforts.
Low public spending, ineffective social protection policies and programmes are hampering progress for children in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia
GENEVA, 20 April 2016 — Children who are falling furthest behind in society benefit the most when countries invest in more effective social protection, according to a new UNICEF Report launched today.
13/04/2016 - Development aid totalled USD 131.6 billion in 2015, representing a rise of 6.9% from 2014 in real terms as aid spent on refugees in host countries more than doubled in real terms to USD 12 billion. Stripping out funds spent on refugees, aid was still up 1.7% in real terms, according to official data collected by the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).
Over the reporting period (31 March –6 April) countries of first arrival (Italy, Greece, and Bulgaria) saw an average decrease of 33% in numbers of arrivals compared with the previous week. In particular, Italy saw a 59% decrease compared to previous week.
The total number of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece and in the Western Balkans is 57,812. For a more detailed look, please see the accommodation pages of Greece, fYROM, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.
In 2015, Member States reported more than 1 820 000 detections of illegal border-crossing along the external borders.
This never-before-seen figure was more than six times the number of detections reported in 2014, which was itself an unprecedented year, with record monthly averages observed since April 2014.
The month saw violent extremist movements, including the Islamic State (IS) and al-Qaeda-linked groups, carry out major deadly attacks in Turkey, Pakistan, Côte d’Ivoire, Tunisia and Belgium. In Libya, the arrival of Prime Minister Serraj in Tripoli despite warnings from multiple factions could lead to further destabilisation. Meanwhile in Central Africa, political violence rose in Burundi and could break out in Chad around the 10 April presidential election.
Statelessness is a global problem - it affects half the world's countries - with an estimated 10-15 million people deprived of a nationality. The map shows the locations of stateless or at risk populations numbering 500 or more, highlighting countries with the highest concentration. The data is incomplete and contains estimates; 70% is not collected or acknowledged by the countries where the stateless live. The single largest cause of statelessness is inheritance of status, with at least 5 million stateless children and a new one born every 10 minutes.
The total number of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece and in the Western Balkans is 56,578. For a more detailed look, please see the accommodation pages of Greece, fYROM, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.
On 18 March , EU leaders met with their Turkish counterpart, Prime Minister of Turkey Ahmed Davutoğlu. They reached an agreement aimed at stopping the flow of irregular migration via Turkey to Europe. The main action points of the agreement are available, please see page 9.
Protecting migrants from violence
In the light of the growing number of acts of violence against migrants in Europe, the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons has today proposed a package of legislative, victim support and preventive measures, on the ground that these groups should receive special protection from the receiving countries.
New report from MSF finds that despite TB now being the leading infectious disease killer worldwide, access to the most effective drugs remains shockingly low – only 2% of people who should have access to the latest drugs get access to them.
A key reason for this is price. We think the price of a six month delamanid treatment course could feasibly, and should, be sold for up to 98% less than the current lowest global price.
European Economic and Social Committee
10 March 2016
Distinguished President, Excellencies,
Over the past ten days, many delegations have shared with me their alarm about the growing disarray in many countries. And among other issues, I have raised with many of them my concerns about arrests, harassment and spurious prosecutions of journalists, activists, political opponents and human rights defenders.
The fifth year of the Syria conflict was the worst yet for people as warring parties have continued to wreak havoc, increasingly blocked aid and placed more communities under siege. Russia, the United States, France and the United Kingdom must now safeguard the glimmer of hope that the cease-fire has brought to civilians, rather than “adding fuel to the fire”, warn 30 aid agencies in a new report.
UN report calls for urgent actions to tackle rising urban disasters in Asia-Pacific
A. Situation analysis
Latest developments on 7 March at 15:00 hours
The situation in Greece has deteriorated in the last days as new border restrictions are being imposed causing a major concentration of migrants in Idomeni and Athens. The number of women and children on the migrant routes are increasing and is a major factor to consider in terms of operational needs. It is reported that some 30,000 migrants are now being trapped in Greece.
The month saw conflict continue to rage in Turkey’s south east between Ankara and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), looking likely to further escalate in March. Afghanistan and Somalia both saw armed insurgencies capture new territories. In Africa, political tensions rose in Chad, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, while in Venezuela, deadlock between the opposition-held parliament and government has brought the country closer to political and economic implosion.
Between January and December 2015, open sources reported 29 times on administrative decisions by states (26) or non-state actors (3) that affected aid agencies’ abilities to deliver aid. Seven reports referred to newly introduced bills, laws or regulations and 22 described specific measures using existing laws or regulations that affected the work of humanitarian organisations or their local partners.