David H. Shinn, Adjunct professor of international affairs, George Washington University
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is appealing for US$421.2 million to help provide meaningful alternatives to refugees and others undertaking dangerous journeys to Europe.
The number of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe from Africa through Libya is increasing and, with it, the risks they face crossing the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea. In the first six months of this year, 2,171 refugees and migrants died or went missing in the Central Mediterranean, many others are believed to have died trying to cross into Libya.
99,864 in Q1-Q2 2017
231,463 in Q1-Q2 2016
361,709 in 2016
1,015,078 in 2015
Dead and Missing
2,253 in Q1-Q2 2017
2,896 in Q1-Q2 2016
5,096 in 2016
3,771 in 2015
According to available data, in the first half of 2017, there were more than 100,000 arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain (101,559). This represents a 58% decrease when compared to the same period in 2016 when 239,925 arrivals were registered. This is mainly due to the sharpe decrease in arrivals to Greece.
Between 1 January and 30 June 2017, 83,752 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 19% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (70,222). In June, 23,524 persons reached Italian shores, compared to 22,371 who arrived in June 2016.
Switzerland – The UN Migration Agency (IOM) reports that 101,417 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017 through 9 July, with almost 85 per cent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece, Cyprus and Spain. This compares with 239,492 arrivals across the region through 9 July 2016.
In 2016, BTC started implementing the new assistance paradigm which in 2015 was outlined for the upcoming fifteen years.
June 2017 extended the spell of “exceptional global warmth” that has now lasted since mid-2015, according to the latest analysis from the Europe Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting Copernicus Climate Change Service. Average surface air temperatures were the second hottest on record, after June 2016.
Desmidt, S., Hauck, V. 2017. Gestion des conflits dans le cadre de l'Architecture africaine de la paix et de sécurité (APSA). (Document de réflexion 211). Maastricht : ECDPM.
Berlin, 04 July 2017– In order to address the rising tide of refugees and migrants over the years, UN-Habitat co-launched the Mediterranean City-to-City Migration (MC2CM) project that brings together experts and cities to contribute towards improved migration governance at city level, including migrants’ access to housing, basic services and human rights.
In Serbia and FYR Macedonia, SOS Children’s Villages technology centres offer various learning opportunities
Insecurity, economic crisis, abuse and exploitation in Libya push refugees and migrants to Europe, new study reveals.
A study of mixed refugee and migrant flows by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has found that around half of those travelling to Libya do so believing they can find jobs there, but end up fleeing onwards to Europe to escape life-threatening insecurity, instability, difficult economic conditions plus widespread exploitation and abuse.
Monthly trend report
Covering mixed migration to, through & from NORTH AFRICA
About: MHub is the regional knowledge hub and secretariat for the North Africa Mixed Migration Task Force, comprising of DRC, IOM, OHCHR, RMMS, Save the Children, UNHCR, UNICEF and UNODC. It promotes a human rights-based approach to ensure the protection of people moving in mixed and complex flows to, through and from North Africa.
Among those returned thus far, the vast majority have been nonSyrians and mainly constitute Pakistani nationals (45%). Other nationalities represented among returnees include Afghans,
Bangladeshis, Algerians and Iranians.
At least, 45% of those express no will to apply for asylum and/or withdrew their will to apply for asylum in Greece.
In total, 193 Syrians (16% of the total number of returnees) have been returned to Turkey to date and none have been returned on the basis that their claim was found inadmissible.
Libya continues to be the main departure and transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. As of 31 May 2017, the Libyan Coast Guard rescued/intercepted a total of 6,243 people in different locations along the Libyan coast. Since 1 January 2017, Libyan local authorities have recovered 331 bodies of people who drowned while attempting to cross the Mediterranean towards Europe.