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Alger (CICR) – Aujourd’hui s’ouvre à Alger une importante réunion d’experts du droit international humanitaire (DIH) des États arabes, sous le haut patronage du ministre de la Justice et garde des sceaux algérien, et de la vice-présidente du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR), Christine Beerli. Cette rencontre rassemblera des experts gouvernementaux de l’Algérie, de la Jordanie, des Émirats arabes unis, de Bahreïn, de la Tunisie, du Maroc et d’autres pays arabes, ainsi que des représentants de la Ligue arabe et des experts du CICR.
After a rainy season lull, South Sudan’s warring parties are preparing for major offensives with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO) this week launching attacks on Bentiu, capital of oil-producing Unity state (see our recent Conflict Alert). Hardliners in the government and the SPLA-IO appear determined to settle the conflict through war.
The U.S. expanded its aerial campaign against Islamic State (IS) militants in late September with strikes in Syria’s north and east. The operation, which targets both IS and fighters linked to al-Qaeda’s central leadership and the affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra, risks alienating other rebel groups in Syria and strengthening support for IS.
The fight for control of Libya between the Misrata-led Islamist-leaning coalition and the Zintan-led forces is escalating by the day. Hundreds have been killed and thousands displaced in over six weeks of clashes and heavy artillery fire. The Misrata side emerged victorious in the battle over Tripoli’s international airport, taking control of the capital, and made advances around Benghazi, but the larger political divide remains unresolved.
Since coming into office in the midst of a global financial and food crisis, President Obama has made food security a foreign policy priority. Building on commitments first made by African leaders at the African Union (AU) Summit in Maputo in 2003, the President led the G-8 in 2009 in launching a global food security initiative in L’Aquila, Italy and then shortly after launched Feed the Future which invests assistance in countries’ national food security plans, promotes agricultural research and innovation, and helps build the capacity of our partners.
Increasing Israeli-Palestinian tensions culminated in Israel launching "Operation Protective Edge" in Gaza in early July (see our latest report and commentary). The assault, which started as an aerial campaign and was later extended to include ground operations, reportedly killed more than 1,400 Palestinians throughout the month while 64 Israelis were killed in clashes inside the Gaza Strip and by Hamas rocket fire. Several attempts at reaching a ceasefire agreement failed in July.
- The Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Initiative (RWSSI) was launched in 2003 with the strategic goal of achieving full access to safe, adequate and affordable water supply and sanitation for rural areas in Africa by 2025. The RWSSI targets for 2015 are aligned with the MDG targets of 70% and 62% access to water supply and sanitation, respectively. This report updates stake holders on the progress made in 2013.
EU migration policies put lives and rights at risk
In their determination to seal off their borders, the European Union and its member states are putting the lives and rights of refugees and migrants at risk, Amnesty International said in a new report published today.
The Green Growth Best Practice (GGBP) initiative has issued a new report to help governments transition their economies successfully to climate compatible development.
A new report launched today by the Green Growth Best Practice (GGBP) initiative, pulls together the many tangible benefits that governments and communities are realising through the adoption of green growth policies.
In the last three years, the North African political landscape has been dominated by the Arab Spring uprising, and accompanying transformations in both the level and nature of violence across the region. Between 1997 and December 2013, the North African region (including Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia) constituted 12.3% of the total number of conflict events in the African continent recording over 9000 violent events in total.
In the Middle East and North Africa (MNA) , the interplay of natural disasters, rapid urbanization, water scarcity, and climate change has emerged as a serious challenge for policy and planning. This report aims to establish a more strategic and collaborative framework between the World Bank and its international partners, particularly United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) and UN Development Program (UNDP), in order to assist MNA countries to shift from disaster response to proactive risk management.
Le Directeur général de la FAO intervient à la Réunion ministérielle de la Conférence régionale pour le Proche-Orient
27 février 2014, Rome – L'aggravation de la situation de la sécurité alimentaire au Proche-Orient est liée non seulement aux problèmes structurels de production vivrière et de dépendance croissante vis-à-vis des importations alimentaires, mais aussi aux conflits, aux flux de réfugiés et aux migrations, a déclaré aujourd'hui le Directeur général de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva.
FAO Director-General addresses Ministerial Meeting of the Organization’s Regional Conference for the Near East
27 February 2014, Rome - The worsening of the food security situation in the Near East is not only caused by the structural constraints the region faces in producing enough food and an increasing dependence on food imports but by conflict, the flow of refugees and migration, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva said today.
New initiative eyes role of regional cooperation to enhance agricultural water management
20 February 2014, Rome - Water scarcity is one of the most urgent food security issues facing countries of the Near East and North Africa (NENA), with fresh water availability in the region expected to drop by 50 percent by the year 2050, said FAO, as ministers of agriculture and national officials prepared to tackle the issue at a meeting of the organization's highest regional governing body.
To further promote international cooperation on civil protection, the Commission hosted a high-level conference today and announced the renewed Euro-Med Programme for the Prevention, Preparedness and Response to natural and man-made Disasters (PPRD South II). The second round of this EU-funded programme will run until end of 2016, further supporting the Mediterranean partner countries (Algeria, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria , and Tunisia) in their cooperation with the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.
Le Comité spécialisé du Conseil d’Administration de l’AFD pour l’appui aux initiatives des ONG s’est réuni le 11 février 2014. Il a approuvé l’attribution de douze nouvelles subventions.
PFCE - Renforcer des acteurs du commerce équitable
Cape Town — Although two of every three Africans believe their governments are performing well in the fight against HIV and Aids, fewer approve of their delivery of basic health services and education, and most say governments are failing to provide enough power, water and sanitation.
These are the findings of a new report from Afrobarometer, the 34-country survey which is becoming recognised as Africa's most comprehensive indicator of public opinion.
(New York, 22 November) - The United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women (UN Trust Fund) today announced USD 8 million in grants to 17 initiatives in 18 countries and territories. First-time grant recipients include organizations from Antigua and Barbuda, Mauritania, Myanmar and Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244). These new grants are expected to reach 2.3 million beneficiaries between 2014 and 2017.
Les responsables des Instituts statistiques nationaux ont convenu, dans la Déclaration d’Accra de 2008, d’intégrer le PCI dans leurs travaux statistiques usuels. Un PCI annuel à grande échelle n’étant pas envisageable pour la plupart des pays, la BAD a développé un programme réduit visant à faire des mises à jour annuelles des dernières comparaisons de référence et à aider les pays à renforcer leurs capacités statistiques dans les domaines clés de la comptabilité nationale et des statistiques de prix.