Protracted complex emergencies and natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided assistance in response to a range of disasters, including floods, wildfires, winter emergencies, and complex crises.
In the second quarter of this year, the number of migrants detected at the borders of Western Balkan countries plunged 88% from the previous three months to 26 488. The figure is slightly higher than in the first quarter of 2015, before the region experienced a massive increase in migrants who had previously arrived on the Greek islands from Turkey. Afghans became the top reported nationality, accounting for a 36% share of the total non-regional migration flow, while Syrians dropped to the second place with 16%.
More partners join forces to end violence against children and to promote social inclusion of children with disabilities into society
GENEVA/ BRUSSELS, 4 August 2016 – The European Union (EU) and UNICEF have broadened an important regional partnership that aims to protect children from violence and better include children with disabilities into society.
The 2015 Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the number and nature of applications for international protection made in the EU+ (1). It examines how those applications were processed and indicates important developments at EU+ and national level in order to describe the functioning of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) in each of its key aspects.
- Reference: 2016-164-EN
A new initiative from the European Investment Bank (EIB) to support regions outside of Europe that are significantly affected by the refugee crisis has been welcomed by EU heads of state and governments meeting in Brussels today. Responding to a request by the European Council in March, EIB President Hoyer laid out how the EU Bank could step up its support and address the pressing needs of the regions with action to support growth, jobs vital infrastructure and social cohesion.
Throughout May an average of 50 children travelling without a parent or guardian arrived weekly at Save the Children-supported sites in Belgrade, Serbia, with some having walked for days with little or no access to food or clean water.
Save the Children teams in Belgrade report a five-fold increase in the number of children separated from their families arriving at their facilities last month. The number of new cases identified jumped from 15 during the first week of May to 78 by the final week.
Combined Monthly Europe Population Movement Operations Update
A. Major developments by country
The main route remains to be Southern Italy (especially Sicily) as first entry points from the North African coasts. In 2015, according to the UNHCR,153,842 arrivals arrived in Italy by boats mainly from North African countries. In 2016, 47,820 people have arrived in Italy by sea (UNHCR- 2 June 2016).
STATISTICS AND HIGHLIGHTS
- UNHCR and partners learned of 150 irregular arrivals: 93 from fYR Macedonia, 51 from Bulgaria and six from Montenegro.
- The number of asylum seekers waiting to be admitted into Hungarian “transit zones” increased after Hungarian authorities’ halved daily admission from some 60 to some 30 asylum seekers. As a result, on average 418 asylum seekers, predominantly women and children, were waiting for admission in the open, without shelter or sanitary facilities.
Report calls for building disaster risk into development efforts
Sarajevo, 20 May 2016 – Two years after massive flooding caused widespread devastation and loss of life in the Western Balkans, countries in the sub-region have taken steps to reduce the risk of disasters but more will need to be done to protect people from future destruction, according to the Human Development Report for the Western Balkans, launched here today.
Low public spending, ineffective social protection policies and programmes are hampering progress for children in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia
GENEVA, 20 April 2016 — Children who are falling furthest behind in society benefit the most when countries invest in more effective social protection, according to a new UNICEF Report launched today.
Over the reporting period (31 March –6 April) countries of first arrival (Italy, Greece, and Bulgaria) saw an average decrease of 33% in numbers of arrivals compared with the previous week. In particular, Italy saw a 59% decrease compared to previous week.
The total number of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece and in the Western Balkans is 57,812. For a more detailed look, please see the accommodation pages of Greece, fYROM, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.
The total number of migrants and refugees stranded in Greece and in the Western Balkans is 56,578. For a more detailed look, please see the accommodation pages of Greece, fYROM, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.
On 18 March , EU leaders met with their Turkish counterpart, Prime Minister of Turkey Ahmed Davutoğlu. They reached an agreement aimed at stopping the flow of irregular migration via Turkey to Europe. The main action points of the agreement are available, please see page 9.
Vienna, Austria | AFP | Wednesday 2/24/2016 - 08:10 GMT
by Simon Sturdee and Philippe Schwab
Balkan countries along the well-trodden migrant path towards northern Europe met Wednesday to explore ways to stem the flow despite growing fears that tighter controls will spark a humanitarian crisis, particularly in Greece.
Athens has angrily protested at being excluded from the ministerial meeting in Vienna, sparking a tetchy response from Austria, underscoring the rifts in Europe over how to tackle the crisis.
Arrivals and Departures
4,611 people arrived on the Greek islands on 17 February which was a significant increase and represents the highest arrival rate since 9 January. UNHCR expects this trend to continue over the coming days, whilst similar weather conditions prevail
Between 1 January and 16 February, approximately 11,000 asylum applications were recorded in Austria (an average 230 per day). During the same period approximately 100,000 people entered Austria.
In managing asylum and migration policy comprehensively, responsibility and solidarity must go hand in hand. The European Commission has a number of immediate and long-term actions to strike the necessary balance between taking responsibility and ensuring solidarity of Member States.
COMPLYING WITH THE COMMON EUROPEAN ASYLUM SYSTEM (CEAS) AND ASSUMING RESPONSIBILITY
Genetic diversity of livestock can help feed a hotter, harsher world
Despite growing interest in safeguarding biodiversity of livestock and poultry,genetic erosion continues
Frontex publishes analysis of borders in the western Balkans for Q3
More than 610 000 illegal border crossings by migrants from outside the region were reported at the Western Balkan common and regional borders in the third quarter of 2015. This was more than twice the total number of such detections in the region since data collection began six and a half years ago (between January 2009 and June 2015).
- The beginning of 2016 did not see major changes in the winter trends of persons in transit on the Western Balkans route, despite the fact that there was a temporary sharp decrease some consecutive days due to bad weather conditions over the Aegean Sea. UNHCR reports an increase in the percentage of children among the people arriving in Greece.
- With tighter controls at the borders along the Western Balkan route, the number of persons refused from entering because of forged documents or no registration documents is increasing.