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Landmine Monitor Report 2001: Toward a Mine-Free World

In the context of the Mine Ban Treaty, which entered into force on March 1999, this report for the year 2001 measures the concrete impact of the Treaty on the global mine problem.

Individual countries are considered with respect to key developments, policies on the banning of mines, the production, stockpiling and transfer of mines etc. The report also considers developments with respect certain themes, including:

- Banning antipersonnel mines
- Humanitarian mine action
- Landmine casualties and survivor assistance
- Mine awareness
- Mine action funding
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Use of Military or Armed Escorts for Humanitarian Convoys

This document offers non-binding guidelines regarding the use of military and armed escorts for humanitarian convoys. For this purpose, part one reviews the broader policy context, while part two consists of two sets of guidelines: one on when escorts might be used, the other on how they might be used.

The document was produced by OCHA on the request by the Deputy Secretary-General's Task Force on security policy, and was elaborated in collaboration with IASC member bodies, UNSECOORD, DPKO, academic reviewers and field colleagues in a number of organizations.
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State of the World's Children 2002: Leadership

The annual report for the year 2002 looks at progress achieved and challenges remaining with respect to the situation of children world-wide since the 1990 World Summit for Children.

With leadership as its main theme and the emphasis on its critical role as one of the most important lessons learnt in the last decade, the report calls for leadership from all continents and all sectors of society. In addition, the following information is provided:

- Themes: HIV/AIDS, conflict, poverty and discrimination
- Maps: Reviews the implementation of 1990
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Human Rights and Mass Exoduses: Report of the Secretary-General (A/56/334)

This report considers the implementation of Resolution 54/180 of 17 December 1999, entitled "Human rights and mass exoduses", which stressed the need for a comprehensive approach by the international community to address the root causes and effects of movements of refugees and other displaced persons.  

Aspects considered include the causes of mass exoduses, actions taken by the international community, efforts by the UN and other institutions to enhance preventive capacities, and the coordination between UN agencies and other actors to improve emergency response.
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Global Humanitarian Emergencies: Trends and Projections 2001-2002

This annual report documents humanitarian emergencies arising from major natural disasters and manmade causes, including armed conflict and repressive government policies, as well as sudden economic emergencies and major technological occurrences. Projecting future trends in aid and assistance, topics include:

- Global overview
- Emergencies caused primarily by conflict and government repression
- Potential emergencies
- Humanitarian emergencies caused by natural disasters
- Humanitarian response
- Financing humanitarian assistance
- Availability of food aid
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Easy Targets: Violence against Children WorldWide

This report examines violence against children in eighteen countries in all regions of the world during 1996-2001. Focusing primarily on abuses in the governmental sphere, the report examines violations of children's rights by agents of the state and in institutions that are state run or supported. Violations arising from the failure of governments to take adequate steps to protect children from violence in the workplace, in the streets, and in situations of armed conflict are also considered.

Based on in depth interviewed with hundreds
Human Rights Watch:

© Copyright, Human Rights Watch 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 USA

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Reducing Vulnerability through Livelihoods Promotion in Shelter Sector Activities: An Initial Examination for Potential Mitigation and Post-Disaster Application - Working Paper No.5

Tufts University
This paper examines shelter sector economies and the leading role that shelter provision and improvements can assume in promoting both household livelihoods and community recovery in disaster-affected areas.

- Global trends: Context for assessing shelter issues in developing countries
- Analysis: Symbiotic relationship of shelter production and employment generation
- Recommendations: Strengthening the livelihood promotion-shelter provision relationship

The paper is one in a series of working papers
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Globalization and the Future of Humanitarian Action - New Priorities for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement?

We are all aware that we are passing through a phase characterized by rapid changes involving concepts that transcend cultures and utilize mechanisms that some societies may be unable to understand. Since the end of the Cold War, which had troubled international relations for more than fifty years, the parameters of contemporary international relations have evolved within the framework of the concept of globalization.

This paper does not intend to discuss the political, economic, social and cultural impact of globalization. It
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A Pragmatic Approach to Humanitarian Intervention

Since 1991, the norms and practice of humanitarian intervention have undergone rapid change, from a post cold war renaissance, to a retrenchment following the difficult experiences of Somalia, Rwanda, and Bosnia Herzegovina. More recently, the Independent International Commission on Kosovo found that the intervention there was illegal, but legitimate (implying a disjunction between the law of intervention and the ethics of intervention). In an attempt to chart a way forward, the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations provided practical recommendations
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World + 4 others
Humanitarian Exchange Magazine No. 19 - Afghanistan

Five years after the Taliban seized power in Kabul, this issue of Humanitarian Exchange takes Afghanistan as its special feature. The country has all the ingredients of a quintessential humanitarian emergency: over two decades of brutal civil war, abetted both by the West and by regional powers, which has impoverished most of the country; a repressive, abusive and unaccountable regime; devastating natural disaster in the form of the worst drought to hit the country in 30 years; economic sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council afflicting, according
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Evaluations Itératives avec Mini-Séminaires: Mitch +3 - Le Salvador après les Séismes de 2001: Résumé du Rapport de la Mission no. 2

Les deux hypothèses de base de la méthode des évaluations itératives avec mini-séminaires sont les suivantes :

- Le moment o=F9 l'évaluation est conduite déterminera éventuellement le jugement porté sur l'action et cette question pèse lourdement sur l'appréciation de la qualité. En effet, ce n'est pas seulement l'atteinte d'objectifs prévus et la réalisation d'activités programmées qui détermine la qualité d'un programme mais aussi et sans doute surtout son impact (y compris dans des effets non prévus à court, moyen et long
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Guide to Program Options in Conflict-Prone Settings

This guide offers a menu of program options used by USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives in conflict prone and post-conflict settings over the past seven years. With the field evolving towards conflict prevention, mitigation, resolution and post-conflict recovery, it aims to serve as a resource for determining those interventions that may be most effective. Approaches considered include:

- Expanding democratic political processes
- Building citizen security
- Promoting reconciliation
- Supporting peace negotiations
- Cross-cutting themes
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Security Council Resolution on Prevention of Armed Conflict (S/RES/1366)

S/RES/1366 (2001)
Security Council Distr.: General
30 August 2001

Adopted by the Security Council at its 4360th meeting, on 30 August 2001

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions 1196 (1998) of 16 September 1998, 1197 (1998) of 18 September 1998, 1208 (1998) of 19 November 1998, 1209 (1998) of 19 November 1998; 1265 (1999) of 17 September 1999, 1296 (2000) of 19 April 2000, 1318 (2000) of 7 September 2000, 1325 (2000) of 31 October 2000 and 1327 (2000) of 13 November 2000,

Recalling also the statements of its

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ARC President calls for urgent review of U.S. policy toward internally displaced persons

Minneapolis, August 22, 2001 - American Refugee Committee President Anthony Kozlowski praised a U.S. government report for highlighting the threats facing millions of people around the world who have been displaced within their own countries by armed conflict or persecution - and called for an urgent review of U.S. policy on the matter.
"We are faced with a pandemic of AIDS proportions that has not been adequately recognized," Kozlowski said in response to a report commissioned by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. "I hope the U.S. Administration and the international
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Humanitarian logistics systems must improve, expert say

Joint Press Release WHO/PAHO/WFP/OCHA
Press Release WHO/37

Humanitarian supply logistics systems must be effectively coordinated to help people in disasters or emergency situations, a group of experts has concluded.

Over 50 logistics experts from international organizations, which make up a roll call of those most frequently in the forefront in disaster response came together last week for the first time at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva to discuss logistics management systems for humanitarian assistance in disaster situations.Chief among

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Establishment of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ReliefWeb Office in Kobe

With the support of the Government of Japan, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) will establish its ReliefWeb Office in Kobe, and the opening ceremony will be held on August 16 (Thu).
The ReliefWeb of OCHA is a system to deliver information on a natural disaster or a conflict promptly to donor countries, NGOs, and other organizations through its website on the Internet when such a humanitarian crisis occurs. The system is now operating in New York and Geneva, but due to eight hours' time gap in its operating
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Médecins du Monde is outraged by the lack of resources given by the states to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Forced to reduce its activity for financial reasons (a deficit of almost 100 million dollars) and in the absence of sufficient financing from the contributing states, the UNHCR is about to cut over 700 jobs and close down around ten offices. Médecins du Monde is greatly worried about the consequences for 22,5 million refugees or displaced persons across the world.
As an agency of the United Nations, and because of its specific mandate to provide assistance and protection to refugees and displaced persons as well as to negotiate with the governments,
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Médecins du Monde s'indigne du manque de moyens donnés par les Etats aux Haut Commissariat aux Réfugiés (HCR)

Contraint de réduire son activité pour des raisons budgétaires (près de 100 millions de dollars de déficit), le HCR s'apprête à supprimer plus de 700 postes et fermer une dizaine de bureaux, faute de financements suffisants de la part des Etats contributeurs. Médecins du Monde s'inquiète vivement des conséquences induites pour 22,5 millions de personnes réfugiées ou déplacées à travers le monde.
Le HCR, en tant qu'agence des Nations Unies, a un rôle indispensable puisqu'il a un mandat spécifique d'assistance et de protection des réfugiés et déplacés ainsi que de négociation avec
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World Human Development Index 2001

Human Development Index - A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development - a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living.

See UNDP report for further details.
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Participation of Volunteers, "White Helmets", in the Activities of the United Nations in the Field of Humanitarian Relief, Rehabilitation and Technical Cooperation for Development: Report of the Secretary General (A/56/308)

This report by the UN Secretary-General, covering the period from July 1999 to July 2001, considers the progress made by the White Helmets Initiative. The report describes programme activities and their results, existing mechanisms and partnerships, financing and resource mobilization and underscores opportunities for widening its operation.

The White Helmets Initiative is part of an effort by the UN Volunteers programme to encourage the use of available expertise, in particular promoting the concept of pre-identified, standby