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Lessons Learnt from the 1997-98 El Niño: Once Burned, Twice Shy?

This report identifies lessons learnt with respect to societal responses to the forecasts and impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño event.

The assessment covers the impact of El Niño on 15 countries, identifying lessons from each country study as well as those common to many or all with respect to the actions of governments, industries and individuals.
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NGOs in the Caucasus and Central Asia: Development and Cooperation with the OSCE

Aiming to give a general overview of the status of civil society and the role of NGOs in the Caucasus and Central Asia, this report examines the lessons learned from international assistance to local NGO communities, including recent OSCE activities.

In the context of assistance to promote civil society and support activities to further democracy and human rights in participating states becoming an increasingly important issue for the OSCE in recent years, recommendations for future actions by the OSCE to further civil society development in these regions is also provided.
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Safety and Security of United Nations Personnel: Report of the Secretary General (A/55/637)

Covering the period from 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2000, this report reviews the existing safety and security arrangements for UN personnel, outlining the threats against UN, a comprehensive description of the existing security management structure and proposals to enhance safety and security.
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Post-Disaster Damage Assessment and Need Analysis

By ensuring appropriate and timely information about events, required actions and available resources, this document aims to enhance decision-making regarding deployment of resource during post-disaster relief operations. For this purpose, it considers the following issues:

- Types of assessment
- Reports / format of reports
- Quantifying needs
- Terminology
- Resources
- Priorities
- International donors
- Training

The document is based on the ADPC Workshop on Post-Disaster Assessment and Needs Analysis in 2002, as well as other
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Forced Displacement and Human Rights: The International Legal Framework Applicable to Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

Report
ActionAid
This briefing paper examines the fundamental legal framework applicable to situations of forced displacement. Distinguishing between refugees and internally displaced persons, the paper elaborates on the following issues:

- Internationally used definitions for displaced groups
- International and regional instruments and principles
- Status and human rights of displaced groups
- Role of humanitarian agencies (UN and NGOs)

The paper intends to provide ActionAid staff with a basic tool for guidance and reference, drawing mainly from the experience
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Report of the Secretary-General on the Implementation of the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (A_55_502)

This report is part of the process initiated by the Panel on UN Peace Operation of making the UN more effective in maintaining peace and security by giving it the resources and tools needed for conflict prevention, peaceful resolution of disputes, peacekeeping, post-conflict peace-building and reconstruction.

Following up on the recommendations offered by of the Panel on UN Peace Operation, supplementary information is provided to the General Assembly to facilitate its consideration of the Panel's recommendations. The report focuses on those recommendations requiring
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Reproductive Health for Refugees: The Next Step

This report considers the state of reproductive health of refugees. Based on site visits and various reports on the state of refugee health, several case studies are provided, each considering:

- The context of the refugee crisis
- Agencies assisting, general camp conditions
- General and reproductive health conditions
- Sexual and gender violence
- Observations and recommendations on future action

The Consortium is a mix of field service organizations, public health organizations and policy/advocacy groups working
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Note of Guidance on Relations between Representatives of the Secretary-General, Resident Coordinators and Humanitarian Coordinators

This guidance applies in all situations in which the Secretary-General appoints a Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Representative of the Secretary-General, or other representative or envoy, for a country in which a Resident Coordinator and/or Humanitarian Coordinator are also in post.  

Part A (i) gives special guidance on situations in which the UN forms an interim administration or deploys a multidimensional peace mission to implement a comprehensive peace agreement;

Part A (ii) covers all other situations in which the SRSG/RSG is resident;

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Humanitarian Exchange magazine No. 17 - Refugee Return

Welcome to this, the first edition of the bi-annual magazine of the Humanitarian Practice Network.
In this issue, we have grouped several articles around two key themes: refugees and asylum; and the debate about quality assurance and accountability in humanitarian action.

Developments around refugees and the right to asylum need to be understood in the context of wider theoretical and policy shifts to do with conflict management.These shifts are causing unease in the humanitarian community. First, there is the reinterpretation
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Impact of armed conflict on women and girls - UN SC Resolution 1325 (2000)

This is the text of the resolution on Impact of armed conflict on women and girls adopted by the Security Council at its 4213th meeting on 31 October 2000, recalling its resolutions 1261 (1999) of 25 August 1999, 1265 (1999) of 17 September 1999, 1296 (2000) of 19 April 2000 and 1314 (2000) of 11 August 2000, as well as relevant statements of its President, and recalling also the statement of its President to the press on the occasion of the United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace (International Women's Day) of 8 March 2000 (SC/6816).
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Demobilization and its Implications for HIV/AIDS

Demobilization exercises are being implemented with increasing frequency worldwide. Traditionally demobilization of military personnel has followed the signature of peace accords to facilitate the transition from war to peace and to preserve national and international security. Encouraged by international financial organizations, many countries are also restructuring their public expenditure, reducing military budget allocations and downsizing military personnel to shift scarce resources to, for instance, poverty reduction.

Planning and executing the demobilization
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Safe Operation of Mining Activities: A Follow-Up to Recent Mining Accidents

Report
European Union
In the context of the environmental emergencies of Baia Mare (Romania) and Aznalcollar (Spain) in 1998, this report provides an account of the events and discusses accident prevention in relation to mining activities. The report contains the following chapters:

- Overview of mining accidents involving dam bursts worldwide
- Immediate follow-up activities
- Technical point of view - Project description and lessons to be learnt
- Current situation with regard to existing community environmental legislation
- Follow-up - The Action Plan
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The Kosovo Report

This report examines key developments prior to, during and after the Kosovo war. Aiming to help governments frame a policy of sustained engagement in the development of a peaceful Kosovo and bring together the Independent International Commission's thinking on Kosovo as a precedent for future forms of humanitarian intervention, its three parts discuss the following issues:

What happened? Documenting the factual chronology of the Kosovo crisis, the spiral of repression and resistance, NATO's intervention, the peace agreement of June 1999, and the present
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UN Security Council Resolution 1318 (2000) Ensuring an Effective Role for the Security Council in the Maintenance of International Peace and Security, particularly in Africa

Security Council Distr.: General
7 September 2000

Resolution 1318 (2000) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4194th meeting, on 7 September 2000

The Security Council,

Decides to adopt the attached declaration on ensuring an effective role for the Security Council in the maintenance of international peace and security, particularly in Africa.

Annex

The Security Council,

Meeting at the level of Heads of State and Government in the course of the Millennium Summit to discuss the need

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Ends and Means: Human Rights Approaches to Armed Groups

Based on research in ten countries, an international meeting and consultations in a number of countries, this report looks at human rights abuses committed by armed groups. In particular, it focuses on the following questions:

- Means to influence the behaviour of armed groups
- Obstacles faced by those who undertake such means
- Factors influencing the respect for human rights and humanitarian norms by armed groups

The report is aimed at human rights organisations, humanitarian workers and staff with UN and other international organisations
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Suggested Core Indicators for Monitoring Food Security Status

Stressing the importance of having a list of core indicators for monitoring World Food Summit follow-up, this report compares indicators proposed by different international monitoring systems and provides recommendations for specific core indicators for monitoring food security outcomes.

The document is based on the twenty-sixth session of the Committee on World Food Security, held in Rome in September 2000.
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Internally Displaced Persons and Political Participation : The OSCE Region

This paper examines the rights of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to vote and to participate in governmental and public affairs, particularly analysing the following issues:

- Political participation in international human rights law
- Political participation and the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement
- Participation by the internally displaced in elections in the OSCE region

Drawing information from specific county cases, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia and the Russian
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Rapid Assessment Procedures: Addressing the Perceived Needs of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Through Participatory Learning and Action

This guide provides tools and practical procedures for collecting information, using both individual and group-based data collection methods, with and about refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in transition.

The main objectives are to understand refugee/IDP priorities, challenges and aspirations, to identify the significant persons and organization among the refugees/ IDPs and facilitate participatory planning and problem solving. With respect to these aims, the guide is structured into three main sections:

- Introduction and Overview: Rationale for
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Gender and Natural Disasters

This report focuses on the gender perspective in the case of natural disasters. Based on disaster social science, agency reports, and field worker accounts, it identifies the complex ways gender relations shape human experiences before, during, and after natural disasters.

Written for a general audience, the report has four main topics: social construction of vulnerability to natural disasters, particularly on the basis of gender relations; specific impacts of disasters on women's paid and unpaid work; six core action issues arising from these