Press Release 98/69
GENEVA, Nov 17 (AFP) - El-Niño killed 21,700 people, caused damage of more than 33 billion dollars and set back development in many countries, the World Meteorological Organization said Tuesday.
But while El-Niño ended in May after a year's ferocious activity, La Niña is currently on the rampage.
She has already caused havoc in the form of Hurricane Mitch which destroyed the economies of Honduras and Nicaragua when it swept through central America earlier this month.
El-Niño is caused by a rise of surface water temperatures in the southeast Pacific region, off the coast …
Geneva - Tuesday 17 November 98 - The First Intergovernmental Meeting of experts to review the 1997-98 El Niño event, called for by the United Nations' General Assembly, within the framework of the International Decade for International Disasters Reduction (IDNDR), was held in Quayaquil, Ecuador from 9-13 November 1998. Hosted by the Government of Ecuador and co-sponsored by member agencies of the UN Task Force on El Niño and the Permanent Commission for the South Pacific, the meeting was attended by more than 450 delegates from all over the world.
Geneva, Monday 2 Nov. 1998 - Declining sea-surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific is expected to intensify the "La Niña" extreme weather phenomenon through the end of the year, according to "El Niño Update", a bulletin issued by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in Geneva today. The bulletin indicated that the developing La Nina condition is consistent with the enhanced hurricane activities in the Atlantic. For the first time this century, on 24 September, four Atlantic hurricanes and eight named storms were active at the same time.
This issue features articles on the rights and roles of children during and post violent conflict with specific attention being paid to former child soldiers in Liberia and the struggles they face to find an identity. The monitoring of children's rights in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is also covered in this issue where a general review shows economically, socially and politically there is a lack of administrative bodies that can deal with child related issues. This section is completed with an article on the integration of human rights in all sectors of field work.
Aiming to contribute to the debate around possible
criteria and the need for conceptual frameworks for assessing peace building
interventions, this synthesis report is concerned with the content of peace
building interventions by humanitarian agencies and the methodologies employed
to evaluate them.
For this purpose, the report pulls together 15 country case studies concerning third party humanitarian agencies and conflict resolution/transformation organisations.
This report aims to contribute to a "rethinking
of aid" that the international community is engaged in. For this purpose,
it provides the following chapters:
- Money matters-In a good policy environment
- Aid can be the midwife of good policies
- Money matters - In a good institutional environment
- Aid can be the midwife of good institutions
This Guidance aims to assist UN country teams
in the development of common "UN Ground Rules", based on agreed
principles, for UN activities in countries in crisis or emerging from conflict.
This Guidance has four linked objectives:
- Develop common Ground Rules for UN activities in specific countries
- Facilitate negotiations with national and local authorities
- Facilitate the joint development of strategic plans in the field
Aiming to increase awareness of gender dimensions
in policies towards the internally displaced, this paper examines the main
issues and rights concerning displaced women and girls. For this purpose,
it analyses the following issues:
- Gender approaches of different organisations
- Human rights applicable in the case of displaced women
- Analysis of the different roles of UN agencies and non- governmental organizations
This document reports on the outcome of a seminar
on issues relating to the functions, nature and direction of the humanitarian
endeavour in the post Cold War world. Aspects considered include:
- Key issues raised in evaluations of strategic coordination of humanitarian activities
- Policy and operational implications for future international humanitarian response
This report evaluates the follow-up to the conference
in 1998 on the UN Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children of
August 1996. The following issues are discusses for this purpose:
- Children in captivity
- Importance of the Convention of the Rights of the Child (1989)
- Addressing the causes of armed conflict