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FAO's role mitigating the impact of El Niño : awareness briefings organised/participated in by FAO on El Niño

Since mid-1997 FAO has been intensively monitoring and alerting the international community of the potential impact on agriculture, forestry and fisheries of weather anomalies around the world which are believed to be affected by the current El Niño phenomenon. In several parts of the world severe weather disturbances have already had far reaching repercussions on crop production and national food supply situation, livestock, fish production and forestry (especially in regard to the occurrence and extent of forest fires).
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World + 1 other
El Niño in 1997-1998: Impacts and CARE's Response

For Photos, see original source document at

The El Niño phenomenon that affected weather conditions around the globe and contributed to massive flooding along the coast of Latin America and in parts of the Horn of Africa and drought in Southeast Asia has gradually weakened since April. The impact of El Niño has been particularly severe among the impoverished and vulnerable

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Emergency food assistance for families affected by El Niño in Central America

JUNE 1998

An EMOP for US$ 9.4 million in emergency food aid for poor farmers and their families in five countries in Central America, where the El Niño meteorological phenomenon has caused severe drought and floods, was approved by WFP and FAO on 02/12/97 with a 180 days duration. The need to distribute emergency food rations to cover the needs of 323,000 people, mainly children and women, in remote and rugged areas of Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Panama, was therein identified.

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WFP Emergency Report No. 26 of 1998: Central America - report on El Niño regional operation as supplement

This report includes: A) Angola B) Guinea Bissau C) Sudan D) Rwanda E) Yugoslavia and Region: Kosovo crisis F) Democratic People's Republic of Korea G) Central America - report on El Niño regional operation as supplement.
From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page at or by electronic mail from (fax 39 6 6513 2837). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact
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Experts tell committee meeting of the IDNDR that El Niño is in its dying stage

Experts tell committee meeting of the International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction that El Niño is in its dying stage, warn that frequency and severity of natural disasters will increase.

At the 10th meeting of the Scientific and Technical Committee (STC) of the International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR), held at the World Bank in Washington D.C., from 8 to 12 June 1998, experts from the World Meteorological Organization stated that the El Niño phenomenon shows signs of decreasing and is in its dying stage, according to most models of forecasting.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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Fourth anniversary of world day to combat desertification and drought observed

Executive Secretary of Convention to Combat Desertification Calls for Urgent Global Action to Meet the Goals of the Treaty
As part of the fourth annual observation of the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought on 17 June 1998, the Executive Secretary of the Convention to Combat Desertification, Mr. Hama Arba Diallo, has launched an appeal for urgent global action to meet the goals of the treaty.

"Our efforts must reflect our commitment to leaving a healthy planet for future generations," Mr. Diallo said. "By fully applying the principles of the Convention to

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Quatrième journée mondiale de lutte contre la désertification

Le Secrétaire exécutif de la Convention sur la lutte contre la désertification lance un appel en faveur de mesures urgentes visant à réaliser les objectifs de ce traité.

A l'occasion de la quatrième Journée mondiale de lutte contre la désertification et la sécheresse, quatre ans après l'adoption de la Convention des Nations Unies sur la lutte contre la désertification, le 17 juin 1994, le Secrétaire exécutif de la Convention, M. Hama Arba Diallo, lance un appel pour que soient prises, à l'échelle mondiale, des mesures urgentes à l'appui des objectifs de ce traité.

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United Nations consolidated press kit 2 on El Niño

United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force on El Niño
Press Kit No. 2
United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force on El Niño- Press Kit no. 2

1. The Scientific Outlook

2. The Social and Economic Outlook
The World Bank

3. Activities of International Organizations with regard to El Niño per region and country


Central and South America
Asia and the Pacific

4. The Red Cross and Red Crescent Society response to El Niño (per country)
June 1998

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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El Niño is on the wane, but its effects are still being felt

The El Niño weather phenomenon, which has brought devastating floods and droughts to countries around the world, blighting food crops, fanning forest fires and spreading animal and human disease, appears to be on the wane.
According to FAO's Agrometeorologist, Michele Bernardi, the warm water currents off the coast of Peru that lie at the heart of El Niño are now cooling and the phenomenon is entering a transitional phase. Sea surface temperature anomalies continued to decrease in many parts of the equatorial Pacific during April. However, this decrease
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The World Bank's Experience with Post-Conflict Reconstruction

World Bank
Aiming to enhance the World Bank's ability to respond more effectively and efficiently to the needs of societies rebuilding after conflict, this study assesses recent Bank experience and extracts lessons for ongoing and future operations.

The report is primarily based on nine case studies - Bosnia and Herzegovina , El Salvador, Uganda, Cambodia, Eritrea, Haiti, Lebanon, Rwanda, and Sri Lanka, with the following issues were analysed for each:

- The World Bank's main strengths or comparative advantages
- Partnerships with other donors, international organisations and NGOs
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The Root Causes of Conflicts: Some Conclusions

This paper analyses the root causes of complex humanitarian emergencies. Through the combination of case studies and econometric analysis, the author identifies predisposing conditions for conflict, in particular arguing for horizontal inequality, i.e. inequality among groups, as the fundamental source of organised conflict. The following sections are provided:

- Definition of the topic
- Framework for analysing and understanding motives for conflict among groups
- Horizontal and vertical inequality
- Case studies
- Policy conclusions
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Linking Relief to Development

Arguing for the combination of relief and development in response to crisis situations, this report outlines factors for consideration in dealing with operational issues and building capacity to respond to urgent needs, as well as proposes an operational framework within which to develop an appropriate response.

The paper builds on experiences of Rwanda and of Mozambique, Cambodia and Central America. It was presented as an input to the debate launched by the UN Secretary-General on the changing nature of humanitarian crises and on the need for a new type of multi-faceted
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Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations

United Nations
The Tampere Convention was unanimously adopted by the delegations of the 60 States participating in the Intergovernmental Conference on Emergency Telecommunications (ICET-98), hosted by the Government of Finland in Tampere, Finland, 16-18 June 1998.