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30 Jan 1998 description
By Stephanie Nebehay

GENEVA (Reuters) - The El Nino weather phenomenon that has brought heavy rains and flooding to some parts of the world and drought to others is likely to weaken after May, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said Friday.

Most climate models foresee conditions beginning to return to normal, but some show El Nino may be followed by a cold
weather event known as La Nina, which would bring abnormal cold to the eastern Equatorial Pacific beginning from July to
September, the WMO said in a report.
28 Jan 1998 description
The South Pacific Regional Environment Program says some Pacific nations will be hit by destructive cyclones more often.

Cyclone risk increases during El Nino weather patterns, and the Program says new scientific studies show those patterns are becoming more frequent.

The studies were conducted by New Zealand's National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research and the United States National Centre for Atmospheric Research.
22 Jan 1998 description

AMERICAS : EL NIÑO 1997 - 1998

Appeal no. 27/97: period covered: 26 November 1997 - 21 January 1998

22 Jan 1998 description

Weekly News

Latin American countries such as Peru and Paraguay continue to suffer from the consequences of the meteorological
phenomenon "El Niño". According to official figures, heavy rainfall, floods and mud slides which recently hit the region have
claimed at least 28 lives in Peru alone, while 10 persons are still missing. The Peruvian Red Cross is planning to distribute
monthly rations of rice, beans, sugar, oil and salt to 10,000 people in two of the worst-hit areas, Tumbes in the north of the

15 Jan 1998 description

Weekly News

Sea surface temperatures in the east and central Pacific are at their highest points for nearly half a century - while those in the western Pacific remain lower than normal - indicating that the current El Niño phenomenon has now reached record levels, reports Terry Butt, the International Federation's Pacific regional chief.

The anticipated results are:

- Continued drought through April/May 1998 in Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia, with dry conditions extending west
as far as Samoa.

13 Jan 1998 description
report CARE

Harare, January 13, 1998 -- The robust rains falling on parts of southern Africa have diminished, but not extinguished, fears that a scorching El Niño drought will wither staple harvests during the key growing months of January and February.

01 Jan 1998 description
report Oxfam

El Niño forecasters' predictions of severe floods in the north of Peru and droughts in the south and into Ecuador are already starting to prove correct. In Ecuador flooding attributed to El Niño has already taken hold in the coastal south of the country. So far floods are only just threatening the north of Peru and are expected in Bolivia later.

01 Jan 1998 description
report International Alert

This code of conduct aims to provide an ethical framework for conflict transformation work. It consists of guiding principles for the organisation and the development of policies with respect to the following:

  - Human rights and conflict transformation work
  - Impartiality in conflict transformation work

01 Jan 1998 description

This glossary provides a list of emergency management terms and definitions, likely to be encountered by emergency management workers.

The glossary does not present new or different definitions of terms, but draws together definitions from many existing sources, as well as suggests a set of core terms.

01 Jan 1998 description

This paper identifies three categories of hunger as priority areas in which targeted food aid should play a principal role in coming years in helping households to attain food security. It main chapters deal with the following issues:

- Food security: Sustaining people
- The first goal of food aid: Saving life
- Sustaining and enhancing lives
- Chronic hunger and weak markets

01 Jan 1998 description

This document seeks to initiate a broader view of the role and impact of initial as well as further education in the perspective of lifelong learning as a practice for dialogue in circumstances of political crisis and social confrontation.

For this purpose, it focuses on humanitarian educational intervention during complex emergencies and offers four main parts:

Part I summarizes the basic policy instruments that advocate education as a child's right.

01 Jan 1998 description

This booklet provides information on existing security arrangements and individual responsibility applicable to all staff members of the United Nations, UN agencies, programs and funds. In addition it contains information regarding practical, common-sense measures applicable to individual staff members to minimize the risks faced.

The booklet is based on the Field Security Handbook, a comprehensive policy document for the use of officials concerned with security.

01 Jan 1998 description

Concerned about the negative humanitarian consequences of multilateral sanctions calling for reform, this report offers recommendations to the UN system for ameliorating adverse humanitarian consequences of sanctions and making their implementation more effective and accountable.

01 Jan 1998 description
report Human Rights Watch

The 1997 annual review of human rights practices considers developments in 65 countries as well as thematic concerns of particular interest. In addition, the introduction outlines patterns and trends discerned over the year. Particular countries are discussed with respect to:

- Significant human rights developments
- Response of global actors, e.g the EU, Japan, the US, the UN & regional organisations

01 Jan 1998 description

The disaster descriptions in this report cover the period of the USG's fiscal year, October 1, 1996, through September 30, 1997. During FY 1997, BHR/OFDA responded to 51 new "declared" disasters. Many of the disasters in FY 1997 required a complex mix of USG financial and staff resources.

01 Jan 1998 description
report World Vision

This document provides guidelines for the design and implementation of a nutrition survey. The following topics are discussed:

- Decisions to make before starting the survey
- Designing the questionnaire
- Choosing a sample
- Preparing for data collection
- Conducting the field work

01 Jan 1998 description
report World Vision

This document explains which indicators need to be used to monitor the impact of nutrition programs. The following chapters are included:

- Understanding Monitoring and Indicator Terms
- Core Indicators to Monitor Micah Programme Objectives
- Selecting Indicators for your Programme
- Sources of Information for Indicators
- Levels of Monitoring Indicators

01 Jan 1998 description

This paper provides a summary overview of the differential impact of emergencies and crisis situations on women and girls, men and boys, discussing the policy issues and implications of a gender perspective. To this purpose, it addresses the following issues:

-  The challenges of gender analysis
-  Gender relations in the context of violent social change
-  Operational implications for humanitarian agencies