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Guia de orientación sobre el VIH en educacion en emergencias

Introducción

Esta Guía sobre el VIH en la Educación en Situaciones de Emergencia proporciona información para profesionales de la educación que ofrecen, gestionan o apoyan servicios de educación en situaciones de emergencia. Proporciona orientación para la integración del VIH, la salud sexual y reproductiva en las respuestas de educación formal y no formal para adolescentes de 10 a 19 años de edad.

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POSITION PAPER: Millennium Development Goals Review

Ahead of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Review Summit in New York on 20-22 September 2010, ACFID calls for a greater focus on equity and accountability by donors and developing country governments to ensure aid and development assistance make measurable differences in improving the lives of the poor.
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Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers: Failing Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

This report presents not only an overview of how PRSPs have become the focus of international development thinking, but also how the lack of critical analysis and evaluation of PRSPs in terms of their ability to move communities out of poverty has meant that it is business as usual for a number of interest groups. The report goes on to focus on the experiences of pastoralists in Uganda and Kenya, during the period when these countries have had PRSPs in place. Finally, the report also provides some recommendations as to how the current PRSP model and
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UNICEF Humanitarian Action Report 2010 Mid-Year Review

As the 2010 Humanitarian Action Report (HAR) was going to press in January, Haiti was struck by the strongest earthquake it had experienced in more than two centuries. Already the poorest country in the western hemisphere, Haiti was left reeling with more than 3 million people affected, 220,000 dead and some 1.2 million homeless. Just weeks after, a catastrophic 8.8-magnitude earthquake shook Chile on 27 February, affecting more than two million people, making 370,000 houses unliveable, and destroying thousands of schools. Most recently, more than
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Land and Natural Disasters: Guidance for Practitioners

The Guidelines provide a holistic approach to addressing land issues from the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster through early recovery and reconstruction phases. It is targeted at humanitarians and land professionals, as well as government officials. The Guidelines take an inter-disciplinary approach to land, one that also brings together humanitarian emergency relief and early recovery perspectives. Throughout the text, readers will find many short cases illustrating practical aspects of bringing land issues into the post-disaster recovery process. Tools
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Inequalities in Child Survival: Looking at Wealth and Other Socio-Economic Disparities in Developing Countries

This paper aims to understand the inequalities in child survival in the developing world. It looks at the disparities in under-five mortality in 65 low- and middle-income countries covering the period of 1990 to 2008 using data from the Demographic and Household Surveys (DHS). Measuring inequality in child mortality through the concentration index, the paper analyses the relationship between the rate and inequality in under-five mortality in developing countries. To complement the analysis, the paper presents case studies of child survival outcomes in Bangladesh
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The Work of WHO in the African Region 2008-2009: Biennial Report of the Regional Director to the Sixtieth session of the Regional Committee for Africa, Malabo, Republic of Equatorial Guinea, 30 August-3 September 2010

The report is structured as follows:

Chapter 1: provides a background to, and outlines the objectives of, the report.

Chapter 2: describes the context within which the Programme Budget 2008-2009 was implemented.

Chapter 3: presents the priorities of the biennium and the related planned resources.

Chapter 4: reports on achivements at both regional and country levels in addressing health priorities for each of the 13 Strategic Objectives including the implemetation of relevant resolutions of the WHO Regional Committee.
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WHO Technical Consultation on Postpartum and Postnatal Care

The period soon after childbirth poses substantial health risks for both mother and newborn infant. Yet the postpartum and postnatal period receives less attention from health care providers than pregnancy and childbirth. Models of postpartum and postnatal care have changed little since first developed a century ago.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of revising and updating its guidance on postpartum and postnatal care delivered by skilled providers. The purposes of revision are to encourage and support broader provision of care and to foster a
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Packages of Interventions for Family Planning, Safe Abortion care, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

Maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality are major public health concerns in most developing countries and in under resourced settings. WHO estimates that every year approximately 8 million women endure pregnancy-related complications and around half a million die as a result. Almost 9 million children die every year, of which 4 million newborn babies die within the first month of life. In addition, 3.3 million babies are born dead.

The evidence shows that high maternal, perinatal, neonatal and child mortality rates are associated with inadequate
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CSSP Annual Report 2009

In 2009 CSSP implemented projects in more than 10 municipalities in Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia and Bosnia and has further activities in the region, interactive training, systematic advocacy, conflict analysis, stakeholder consultation, and inter-community mediation.

CSSP advanced its methodology - Integrative Mediation - and developed further tools for conflict analysis and evaluation which are part of the Multitrack Peace Mediation Course in 2011, developed jointly with Berghof Peace Support, Inmedio and CSSP.
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CRED Crunch Newsletter - Aug 2010: Disaster Data: A Balanced Perspective

2010 First semester balance

Preliminary EM-DAT figures for the first semester of 2010 showed the occurrence of over 160 natural disasters. These events killed almost 230,000 people, affected 107 million others and caused over 55 billion US$ of damages. Once again, the year was marked by a mega disaster: the earthqua-ke that hit Haiti, one of the poorest countries of the world, on January 12. The human impact of this disaster on a single country ranks at the top for the last decade with at least 222,000 people
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Introducing FOAM: A Framework to Analyze Handwashing Behaviors to Design Effective Handwashing Programs

Report
World Bank
In November 2006, the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) began implementing the Global Scaling Up Handwashing Project to test whether innovative promotional approaches could generate widespread and sustainable increases in rates of handwashing with soap at critical times - and thus reduce rates of diarrhea and acute lower respiratory infection - among the poor and vulnerable in Peru, Senegal, Tanzania, and Vietnam.

The global project team soon realized they needed a common conceptual framework that would be applicable across the participating countries.

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The Greening of Water Law: Managing Freshwater Resources for People and the Environment

A central challenge facing nations today is how to ensure that both people and the natural environment have adequate freshwater to sustain and nourish their existence. In many parts of the world, communities actually compete with nature for dwindling supplies, to the detriment of both. Most often, though, water for the environment is not a priority in water management practices, the result of which has gravely impacted the natural environment, especially the aquatic environment.

Water is an inseparable component of
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ILO's Role in Conflict and Disaster Settings - Guide and Toolkit, 1st Edition

This toolkit consists of seven independent guides and an accompanying set of tools for each guide. Each guide is written in a question and answer format that introduces a core subject related to the ILO's response to a natural disaster or post-conflict situation. The tools consist of additional readings, original source documents, ILO circulars, UN resolutions, checklists, templates and other reference material related to the topics introduced in the guides.
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The African Health Monitor - Special Issue: African Traditional Medicine

Contents

The decade of African traditional medicine: Progress so far
Luis Gomes Sambo

An overview of the traditional medicine situation in the African Region
Ossy MJ Kasilo, Jean-Marie Trapsida, Chris Ngenda Mwikisa and Paul Samson Lusamba-Dikassa

An overview of traditional medicine in ECO WAS Member States
Kofi Busia and Ossy MJ Kasilo

Regulation of traditional medicine in the African Region
Ossy MJ Kasilo and Jean-Marie Trapsida

Clinical practices of African traditional medicine
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The Humanitarian's Dilemma: collective action or inaction in international relief?

Following the devastating earthquake in Haiti in January of this year and the intense media coverage of the subsequent aid operations, the UK's The Lancet journal published an editorial entitled 'The growth of aid and the decline of humanitarianism'. The piece described aid agencies as:

'...highly competitive with each other. Polluted by the internal power politics and the unsavoury characteristics seen in many big corporations, large aid agencies can be obsessed with raising money through their own appeal efforts. Media coverage as an end
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The Aid Worker Security Database

The rising trend of violence against aid workers has generated a need for better reporting, tracking, analyzing and sharing information among humanitarian actors on these attacks. The Aid Worker Security Database (AWSD) records over a decade of the major incidents of violence against aid workers, from 1997 to the present. The database is the single most comprehensive global source of this data, and we hope that in this publicly accessible form it will provide a much-needed quantitative evidence base for analysis of the changing security environment for civilian aid operations.
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The United Nations Mine Action Service Annual Report 2009

Around the world, mine action programmes made significant progress in 2009. Some of the highlights
are summarized here. In Afghanistan, an extremely challenging operating environment included rising
criminality and insurgency, and attacks on a UN compound that necessitated temporary staff relocations.
Operations were not affected, however, as the programme there has grown resilient and flexible over its 20-year history. A community-based approach employed for mine clearance, community empowerment,
sustainable development and stabilization
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Early Warning Practices Can Save Lives: Selected Examples - Good Practices and Lessons Learned

This publication is a compilation of good practices and lessons learned on early warning systems at different scales. Covered are natural hazards such as wildland fire, drought, floods, tsumani and extreme weather events. Not all regions are covered due to the amount of submissions received. After a first internal revision submissions have been reviewed by an expert team.

The compilation is aimed at ISDR system stakeholders that are interested in early warning issues. The examples are intended to encourage organisations, governments and non-governmental,

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Scenario Development for Food Security Early Warning: Guidance for Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) Staff and Partners

Introduction

Food security early warning requires the estimation of future food security outcomes many months in advance. However, definitively predicting the future is almost impossible given the complex web of factors which will shape food security during the period ahead. Given that early warning is the primary mandate of the FEWS NET project, how then can these two conflicting issues be reconciled? The answer is scenario development.

Scenario development relies on the creation of specific, informed assumptions about future events, their effects, and