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Guidelines for Environmental Emergencies

The response to environmental impacts of natural disasters and complex emergencies, as well as industrial accidents, often requires a level of technical expertise that is beyond the capacity of individual states.

An environmental emergency can be defined as a sudden-onset disaster or accident resulting from natural, technological or human-induced factors, or a combination of these, that cause or threaten to cause severe environmental damage as well as harm to human health and/or livelihoods.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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South Africa + 1 other
The use of mobile phones as a data collection tool: A report from a household survey in South Africa

Report
BioMed Central

BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2009, 9:51 doi:10.1186/1472-6947-9-51

Abstract

Background
To investigate the feasibility, the ease of implementation, and the extent to which community health workers with little experience of data collection could be trained and successfully supervised to collect data using mobile phones in a large baseline survey

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2009 UNISDR Terminología sobre Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres

La terminología de la Estrategia Internacional para la Reducción de Desastres de las Naciones Unidas (UNISDR) tiene como propósito promover un entendimiento y la utilización en común de conceptos relativos a la reducción del riesgo de desastres, al igual que prestar asistencia a los esfuerzos dirigidos a la reducción del riesgo de desastres por parte de las autoridades, los expertos y el público en general.

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2009 UNISDR Terminologie pour la Prévention des risques de catastrophe

La terminologie de la Stratégie internationale de prévention des catastrophes des Nations Unies (UNISDR) a pour but de promouvoir une compréhension et une utilisation communes des concepts de réduction de risques de catastrophe et vise à soutenir les efforts des autorités, des praticiens et du grand public dans ce domaine. La version précédente de la « Terminologie : termes fondamentaux de prévention de risque de catastrophe » a été publiée dans le cadre de la publication «Vivre avec le risque: une étude mondiale des initiatives menées en matière de réduction des catastrophes » en 2004.

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New Protection Manual for Human Rights Defenders

A manual on protection and security for human rights defenders and those who work for their protection (in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Nepalese, and Bahasa Indonesia)
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Education For All Global Monitoring Report 2010 - Reaching the marginalized

Education systems in many of the world's poorest countries are now experiencing the aftershock of the global economic downturn.

The 2010 Education for All Global Monitoring Report, released on 19 January, argues that the crisis could create a lost generation of children whose life chances will have been irreparably damaged by a failure to protect their right to education.

The Report examines who these children are and why they are being left behind, and shows that the cost of providing Education for All is much higher than previously estimated.

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SCHR Peer Review on Accountability to Disaster-Affected Populations: An Overview of Lessons Learned

The Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response (SCHR) is an alliance of major international humanitarian organisations aiming to support increased quality, accountability and learning within the humanitarian sector. To this end it used a peer review process, with three main objectives:

- To understand the range and diversity of approaches to accountability to disaster-affected persons;

- To share best practices, challenges, and learning within and between members in taking forward the adoption, integration and use of different approaches to accountability, and their
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Greater Aid Transparency: Crucial for Aid Effectiveness

This paper sets out and explores the link between donor aid and recipient country budgets, and the role that greater transparency about aid can play in improving budget transparency, the quality of budgetary decisions, and accountability systems. The paper goes on to explore how current initiatives to improve aid transparency can best support better budgets and accountability in aid dependent countries. These efforts provide an important opportunity to enhance the effectiveness of both the recipient governments' own spending and the aid they receive from donors.
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Mechanical Demining Equipment Catalogue 2010

The Mechanical Demining Equipment Catalogue 2010 is the eighth edition of this publication, produced by the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD). The Catalogue provides an overview of the mechanical demining equipment that is currently available to the humanitarian mine action community. The publication has received positive feedback from readers to date.

All assets used for humanitarian demining must have proven reliability and the decision about which assets to employ is still a key element in planning a demining operation. A balanced use
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Solving Property Issues of Refugees and Displaced Persons

Summary

The displacement of millions of people worldwide presents a key human rights and humanitarian challenge. For both refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), the loss of homes and land presents a serious obstacle to durable solutions and the restoration of justice. The destruction, occupation and confiscation of abandoned property violate the rights of such persons, prolong their displacement and complicate peace-building efforts.

The restoration of legal rights and physical possession of properties through restitution, or the provision
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Human Rights Watch World Report 2010

The Abusers' Reaction: Intensifying Attacks on Human Rights Defenders, Organizations, and Institutions

By Kenneth Roth

Every government is at times tempted to violate human rights. To encourage governments to resist that temptation, the human rights movement seeks to raise the price of abuse-to shift the cost-benefit calculus behind a government's actions.

The human rights movement's ability to raise that price has grown substantially in recent years. Today, activists are capable of exposing abuses most anywhere in the world, shining an intense

Human Rights Watch:



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The State of the Humanitarian System: Assessing Performance and Progress - A Pilot Study

Report
ALNAP
This report, commissioned under ALNAP's Humanitarian Performance Project, aims to provide a system-level mapping and assessment of international humanitarian assistance. To this end, the report 1) defines key criteria for assessing system performance and progress, 2) assesses the system's performance over the past two years against these criteria, 3) presents new, previously unavailable descriptive statistics and 4) highlights some new initiatives in policy and practice. The research team synthesised the findings of roughly 500 global survey responses, 100
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Resourcing Global Education - How reform of the Fast Track Initiative should lead to a Global Fund for Education

Report
Oxfam
This research report examines the EFA-Fast Track Initiative (FTI) - both its positive contributions and its current limitations. It argues for the reform of the FTI into a more ambitious, effective Global Fund for Education. This redesigned initiative must feature autonomous management and inclusive governance; greater country ownership through better quality aid; improved accountability structures; and more
flexibility to respond to the needs of children in conflict-affected and fragile states.
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Position Paper on Humanitarian Military Relations

Since the 2004 SCHR position paper on 'humanitarian-military relations in the provision of humanitarian assistance', the operating environment for humanitarian organisations has undergone substantive changes, and is today perceived as more politicised and insecure for humanitarian actors and populations affected by crisis than ever before. The number of humanitarian workers killed, injured or abducted, and of humanitarian assets attacked, destroyed or stolen has indeed risen to unprecedented levels. Perceived associations between humanitarian organisations and political
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Sexed Pistols: The Gendered Impacts of Prolific Small Arms

Report
UN University
Every day, small arms and light weapons (SALW) kill and maim, wound and threaten millions of adults and children, whether combatants and civilians in war zones or gangs and communities in degraded "peacetime" environments that are characterized by large-scale violence. Due to their widespread availability, mobility and ease of use prolific SALW have become central to maintaining social dislocation, destabilization, insecurity and crime in the build-up to war, in wartime and in the aftermath of violent conflict. Small arms are misused within domestic settings, as
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Early Recovery in Post-Conflict Countries: A Conceptual Study

Report
Clingendael
In recent years, the term 'early recovery' has emerged as one of the main topics in the international debate on post-conflict development. While a broad array of concepts and approaches are present in the international arena, there is currently no consensus on what is meant by 'early recovery', both in policy and programmatic terms. To analyze these issues, this study critically discusses, in a first step, the policy strategies and operational frameworks of selected bilateral donors, regional organizations as well as multilateral institutions to disentangle the main
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Humanitarian Horizons - A Practitioners' Guide to the Future

Report
Tufts University
This Practitioners' Guide to the Future serves as the culmination of the Humanitarian Horizons project, commissioned by the members of the Inter-Agency Working Group and implemented jointly by the Feinstein International Center (FIC) and the Humanitarian Futures Programme (HFP) of King's College, London. The Guide merges the projections of global change highlighted by four earlier research papers, with the futures perspectives of operational agencies. The result is an attempt to help humanitarian aid agencies look a generation into the future to
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Current recommendations for treatment of tetanus during humanitarian emergencies - WHO Technical Note

Preface

The purpose of this technical note is to provide health professionals in United Nations agencies, nongovernmental organizations, donor agencies and local authorities working with populations affected by emergencies with up-to-date technical guidance on the clinical management of tetanus in emergency-affected populations, particularly following natural disasters.

The clinical management of communicable diseases such as tetanus represents a significant challenge to those providing health-care services in evolving situations. It is hoped that this technical
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Attacks on the Press in 2009: A Worldwide Survey

More than 30 Philippine journalists and support workers are killed in an election-related massacre. In Iran, dozens of writers and editors are jailed as the regime silences critical reporting. While violence subsides in Iraq, the danger rises in conflict zones in Somalia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

Attacks on the Press describes emerging threats, highlights courageous reporting, and details the struggle for freedom of expression worldwide. In Russia, international outcry prompts the government to reopen investigations into unsolved journalist murders.