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United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Principles and Guidelines

Over the past six decades, United Nations peacekeeping has evolved into a complex, global undertaking. During this time, the conduct of United Nations peacekeeping operations has been guided by a largely unwritten body of principles and informed by the experiences of the many thousands of men and women who have served in the more than 60 operations launched since 1948. This document captures these experiences for the benefit and guidance of planners and practitioners of United Nations peacekeeping operations.
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World + 5 others
The Humanitarian Impact of Cluster Munitions

The current international debate surrounding cluster munitions and the discussion of a ban or tightened restrictions on their use has focused attention on the humanitarian impact of these weapons. In addition to killing and injuring civilians and damaging infrastructure at the time of use, they invariably leave behind unexploded submunitions which continue to pose a threat to human life, restrict access to natural resources and impede post-war recovery and development processes for many years after their use. Over three decades after cluster munitions were
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Estrategia de Acción Humanitaria de la Cooperación Española para el Desarrollo

La elaboración de la Estrategia de Acción humanitaria ha sido coordinada por el Instituto de Estudios sobre Conflictos y Acción Humanitaria (IECAH), cuyos analistas también se encargaron de la redacción y puesta en común de la Estrategia de Construcción de la Paz

La vulnerabilidad de cientos de miles de personas se ve afectada de forma inmediata cuanto tienen lugar situaciones de tan variada procedencia como son los conflictos armados o los fenómenos

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The World Bank and Conflicts: From Narrow Rules to Broader Principles

This paper focuses on the World Bank and its relevance to conflicts, peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. It relates to the international trend of increasingly more efforts put into inter-agency cooperation, multi-functional operations and policy harmonization - all of which come as a response to a new understanding of international conflicts and crises, and how best to respond to and solve them. This implies operations spanning the traditionally separate development, security and humanitarian segments. Due to its institutionalised apolitical mandate,
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Turning the Tables: Aid and accountability under the Paris framework

This report is the result of research in seven aid recipient countries, conducted by southern and northern civil society organisations, coordinated by the European Network on Debt and Development. This report focuses on progress against two principles of the Paris Declaration - ownership and accountability. These principles are the bedrock of aid reform but the area where least attention has been paid. While both donors and recipients have responsibilities to make aid more effective, this report concentrates on the responsibilities of donors
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Using Quantitative and Qualitative Models to Forecast Instability

This report discusses the principles according to which one should or should not combine quantitative models and structural analogies in forecasting political instability. The goal is not to promote one method or the other, but to describe how using both methods in the most appropriate manner can yield superior forecasts.
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Global Humanitarian Assistance 2007/2008

Published in March 2008, Global Humanitarian Assistance 2007/2008 is the fifth in a series of reports produced by Development Initiatives as part of the wider Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) programme.

Chapter 1 attempts to quantify and analyse long-term trends in humanitarian assistance. How much official humanitarian assistance is there? How does it compare with aid expenditure as a whole? How generous are donors in terms of expenditure per citizen or as a share of gross national income (GNI)? What about other sources of humanitarian
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OCHA Gender Action Plan 2007-2008

Main achievements include:
- AIMB, CRD, ESB, and PDSB all produced coordinated gender action plans for 2008 including all sub-sections of the branch/division.
- The Civil-Military Coordination Section has developed a detailed gender action plan for the UN Civil-Military Coordination Training.
- The CERF, EPS, IRIN, and the Humanitarian Coordination System Strengthening Project joined the gender action planning process, developing action plans for 2008
- CRD conducted a major revision of its gender action plan in mid-2007 and has organised several briefings
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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Annual Review of Global Peace Operations 2008

Peace Operations 2007: The Year in Numbers

Global demand for peacekeepers continued to rise in 2007. By the end of the year, there were over 160,000 peacekeepers
in the field.

The UN remained the centerpiece of the international peacekeeping system, providing nearly 50 percent of all peacekeepers in the field. In 2007, the UN's deployments of uniformed personnel grew by 10 percent to 83,000 personnel. In addition, there were nearly 20,000 civilian staff serving in UN peace operations.

For the second year, the United States
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Annual Report 2008: Covering Activities in 2007

Containing the world drug problem: Drug control is working, said the World Drug Report 2007, UNODC's flagship publication. Global supply, trafficking and consumption of cocaine, heroin, cannabis and amphetamines have stabilized. Worldwide efforts to contain the world drug problem have effectively reversed a quarter-century-long rise in drug abuse and headed off a global pandemic. Afghanistan, however, bucked the trend with soaring opium production.

Seeds of insecurity: In 2007 Afghanistan's opium poppy cultivation reached record levels. There have been some successes:
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Dietary Diversity as a Measure of Women's Diet Quality in Resource-Poor Areas: Results from Rural Bangladesh Site

In developing countries, where low-quality, monotonous grain- and tuber-based diets are the norm, the risk for micronutrient deficiencies is high. Women of reproductive age are among those most likely to suffer from micronutrient deficiencies, yet in developing countries there are very little data on women's micronutrient status and the quality of women's diets. Simple indicators are urgently needed to characterize diet quality, assess key diet problems (such as lack of animal products and/or fruits and vegetables) and identify subgroups of women that are
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World + 3 others
Global Future Edition 1, 2008 - Improving Sanitation for the World's Poor

World Vision
Talking about sanitation is not "nice". It's a matter of life and death. Poor hygiene leads directly to diseases such as cholera and diarrhea - which in turn kill five million people a year, mostly children.

Better sanitation facilities could reduce diarrhea-related morbidity by more than one third, while improved hygiene, such as proper hand-washing, can halve the rate of diarrheal disease and respiratory tract infections in the first place.

According to a key United Nations report, more children die today because of unclean water and poor sanitation than
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IFPRI Forum - March 2008

Table of Contents

- What Goes Down Must Come Up: Global Food Prices Reach New Heights
- Commentary: Toward a New Global Governance System for Agriculture, Food, and Nutrition: What Are the Options?
- Prevention More Effective than Treatment
- Scientific Breakthrough Targets Vitamin A Deficiency in Africa
- Promoting Seed-Sector Reform in Mali
- Lessons to Be Learned from the Dragon and the Elephant
- Interview with R. K. Pachauri, Director General of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi, and Chairman
International Food Policy Research Institute:

Copyright © International Food Policy Research Institute

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The Guide to the HAP Standard: Humanitarian Accountability and Quality Management

This Guide is a companion to the HAP Humanitarian Accountability and Quality Management Standard (2007), the full text of which is attached as Annex 1. The Guide follows the structure and format of the HAP Standard for ease of reference. It is aimed at the leaders, managers, and staff of humanitarian agencies that wish to improve the performance of their organisation, at those interested in assessing the case for seeking humanitarian quality assurance certification by HAP, and at those with responsibility for achieving compliance with the requirements of the HAP Standard.
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Responding to Catastrophes

The incidence and severity of catastrophes around the world are growing. This study argues that the United States needs to prioritize and focus its efforts and take a more robust role in responding to catastrophes to safeguard U.S. interests and promote global stability. Humanitarian management of disasters should be recognized as an issue that speaks to core interests and values of the United States. The ability - and, increasingly, the propensity - of "natural" disasters to cascade into "complex emergencies" underlines why it is inappropriate
Center for Strategic and International Studies:

© The Center for Strategic & International Studies

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Human Rights and Natural Disasters: Operational Guidelines and Field Manual on Human Rights Protection in Situations of Natural Disaster

Although disasters are quick to strike, their consequences can be long to remedy and can linger on for months and years. The extent to which their effects increase inherent inequalities in life and society is to a significant extent a question of how governments and humanitarian actors integrate human rights into their disaster preparedness and response.

To promote and facilitate a rights-based approach to disaster relief, the InterAgency Standing Committee (IASC) adopted Operational Guidelines on Protecting Persons in Natural Disasters
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Report from the Wellington Conference on Cluster Munitions: 18-22 February 2008

The Wellington Conference on Cluster Munitions, the fourth international meeting of the Oslo Process, took place from 18-22 February 2008. The Oslo Process was initiated in February 2007, when 46 States pledged to negotiate a treaty banning cluster munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians, to be concluded by the end of 2008. As the final preparatory meeting before formal negotiations on the treaty begin in Dublin from 19-30 May 2008, the Wellington Conference was a critical step in the Oslo process.

With negotiations around the corner,
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Mujeres, Niñas, Niños y Hombres: Igualdad de Oportunidades para Necesidades Diferentes - Manual sobre Cuestiones de Género en la Acción Humanitaria

Este manual establece normas para incorporar las cuestiones de género desde el principio mismo de una nueva situación compleja de emergencia o desastre, para que los servicios humanitarios prestados no agraven la situación ni pongan inadvertidamente a las personas en peligro; para que lleguen al grupo al que están destinados, y para que tengan el máximo impacto positivo.

El manual está destinado a los agentes de campo que intervienen en la respuesta a las emergencias humanitarias producidas por conflictos o peligros naturales y se dirige
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Climate Change and Human Vulnerability: Mapping Emerging Trends and Risk Hotspots for Humanitarian Actors

Human-induced climate change is expected to increasingly modify patterns of extreme weather such as flooding, cyclones and droughts. Human influences have probably already contributed to increases in temperature extremes, the area affected by drought and the frequency of heavy precipitation events, as well as changes in wind patterns and cyclone tracks. Where increases in risk from climate-related hazards coincide with areas of high human vulnerability, there is potential for increased numbers of humanitarian disasters driven by climate change and
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Cuadernos del IECAH - 8: Las prácticas de los actores humanitarios españoles en materia de evaluación y procesos de aseguramiento de la calidad

Desde su creación en el año 2000, el Instituto de Estudios sobre Conflictos y Acción Humanitaria (IECAH) ha venido realizando diversas tareas de investigación, formación, difusión y asesoría para la mejora de la calidad de la acción humanitaria. Uno de los resultados de esta labor es el Cuaderno del IECAH que ahora presentamos; un estudio cuyo contenido forma parte de un proyecto desarrollado a lo largo del año 2007 por iniciativa del Groupe Urgence Réhabilitation et Développement (Groupe URD) y que contó con la participación del IECAH y el apoyo de la Agencia