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The Africa Multi-Country AIDS Program 2000-2006: Results of the World Bank's Response to a Development Crisis

Report
World Bank
This study answers the question: What are the results of the World Bank's Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program (MAP) for Africa, so far? It documents the contributions of the MAP over the past ?ve years, drawing on countries' survey and program data that are not usually captured in routine World Bank
reporting systems. It also proposes a new Results Scorecard and Generic Results Framework to better measure and report future results of HIV/AIDS programs in Africa that the World Bank helps to support.
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Globalising Solidarity: Caritas Internationalis Activities Report 2003 - 2007

Report
Caritas
In its relief work, Caritas places the needs of the human person - especially the poor and the vulnerable - at the centre of its concerns and works to empower people to take hold of their own destiny. As a grassroots organisation, Caritas does not enter into an emergency situation and then pull out months later, but rather accompanies communities before, during, and after a crisis. From small-scale emergencies that barely make the news to large-scale disasters that hold the world's attention, Caritas is present, mobilising resources and personnel
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Strengthening Humanitarian Information Management: A Status Report

In July of 2006, participants at the 65th IASC Working Group meeting endorsed a series of ten recommendations aimed at strengthening humanitarian information management to support coordination and decision-making, with particular emphasis on its capacity to support implementation of humanitarian reform. As a first step, a stocktaking exercise was requested to examine the capacity of Cluster/Sector Lead agencies in four key areas:

- Human and financial resources: the capacity of each cluster lead agency to manage available resources;

- Tools: the information management
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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The Private Financing of Humanitarian Action, 1995-2005

This HPG Background Paper is the first significant attempt to assess private sector humanitarian financing trends over the period 1995-2005. By 'private sector' we mean funding flows by private individuals, corporations and charitable foundations to international humanitarian action. The analysis is based on a review of quantitative and qualitative data covering a sample of organisations considered to be the major humanitarian players.

The report finds that there has been a significant increase in private sector humanitarian aid during the decade
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Slow-onset disasters: drought and food and livelihoods insecurity - Learning from previous relief and recovery responses

Report
ALNAP
As the latest in a series focusing on lessons learnt from relief and recovery operations, ALNAP and the ProVention Consortium have published a briefing paper on "Slow-onset disasters: drought and food and livelihoods insecurity". The lessons are drawn from evaluations of past relief and recovery responses and cover a range of topics - including supporting livelihoods, assessment, designing effective interventions, participation, targeting, coordination, learning, and risk reduction. It also contains a list of suggested key resources for further information.
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Mobile Health Units in Emergency Operations: A Methodological Approach

Mobile Health Units (MHUs) are often used to provide health care in unstable situations, such as armed conflicts, where fixed services cannot function for reasons of security. They are, however, a controversial way of providing health care, because of their cost, their irregular service provision and their logistical complexities. Drawing on the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and on the relevant literature, this Network Paper provides a decision-making framework for health care workers considering whether to use MHUs. It argues
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Bringing HIV Prevention to Scale: An Urgent Global Priority

Executive Summary

We should be winning in HIV prevention. There are effective means to prevent every mode of transmission; political commitment on HIV has never been stronger; and financing for HIV programs in low- and middle- income countries increased sixfold between 2001 and 2006. However, while attention to the epidemic, particularly for treatment access, has increased in recent years, the effort to reduce HIV incidence is faltering. For every patient who initiated antiretroviral therapy in 2006, six other individuals became infected with HIV (1, 2). If current
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État de la Population Mondiale 2007 : Libérer le Potentiel de la Croissance Urbaine

En 2008, le monde parviendra à un point d'inflexion d'une importance majeure, quelle que soit sa visibilité immédiate : pour la première fois de son histoire, plus de la moitié de la population du globe, soit 3,3 milliards d'habitants, vivra en milieu urbain. D'ici 2030, ce chiffre devrait avoisiner les 5 milliards. Beaucoup des nouveaux citadins seront pauvres et leur avenir, celui des villes des pays en développement et celui de l'humanité entière dépendront dans une grande mesure des décisions prises dès aujourd'hui pour gérer cette croissance.
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The Millennium Development Goals Report 2007

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) constituted an unprecedented promise by world leaders to address, as a single package, peace, security, development, human rights and fundamental freedoms. These Goals rage from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education - all by the target date of 2015.

This progress report provides us the most comprehensive accounting to date on the world's development so far and the challenges to meet the MDGs, in each of the regions.

The document includes:
Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty
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OPS en el Siglo XXI: Liderazgo y Cooperación en Salud Pública

Contenido

Presentación

1) Más recursos para la salud
- Movilización de recursos
- Política del presupuesto regional por programas
- Apoyo a países para acceder a recursos globales
- Alianzas con otras entidades

2) Nuevos instrumentos y modalidades de cooperación
- Influenza pandémica
- Preparación para casos de emergencia o desastre
- Iniciativa 3x5 en VIH/SIDA
- Plan Regional de VIH-ITS 2006-2015
- Otros instrumentos

3) Mayor solidaridad y acción panamericana
- La salud en la agenda política de
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CRED Crunch Newsletter - Jun 2007

As pointed out in the March issue, the 2006 disaster figures confirm that extreme temperature events are among the deadliest disasters of recent years. The consequences of the 2003 European heat wave, for which a recent study estimated more than 71,000 dead, are still fresh in our minds. Extreme temperature disasters, and particularly the aforementioned heat wave, have become a major source of concern regarding natural disasters in Europe, sparking considerable debate.

The recorded figures in EM-DAT show that the numbers of reported heat waves and cold waves have increased by
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Return in Dignity: A Neglected Protection Challenge

In the more modern context, safety and dignity are linked in numerous international agreements, peace treaties and UN documents, which stress that the return of refugees must take place in 'conditions of safety and dignity'. While considerable progress has been made in articulating detailed benchmarks on safety for returnees, the core principle of dignified return remains largely unexamined, both practically and theoretically. This paper explores the origins, evolution and content of the principle of return in 'safety and dignity', and focuses
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Food security in Southern Africa: Changing the trend?

The food crises in southern Africa from 2001-02 onwards have prompted much reflection on their causes and dimensions. These are bound to be multiple, given the region's deep and worsening poverty, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and weak governance. While some progress has been made in rethinking policies and programmes to respond, there is still much to done. There is a need to:
- Pursue responses which are more developmental and predictable than 'crisis'-driven, not
least because of the region's chronic poverty.
- Re-design policies and programmes
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2006 Food Aid Flows

FOREWORD

Food aid deliveries declined by 18 percent in 2006 to 6.7 million tons, its lowest level since 1973. After the small increase in 2005, food aid deliveries continued an overall declining trend. All three categories of food aid declined. Emergency food aid suffered the largest drop with 20 percent in 2006. Programme food aid declined by 19 percent and project food aid by 14 percent.

This declining trend in food aid is in contrast with the rapid increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA) in recent years. ODA increased from almost $60 billion in 1997, an
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The Gates Foundation: Annual Report 2006

Table of Contents

CEO'S LETTER

WARREN BUFFETT'S GIFT

GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT
OVERVIEW
SWAP MEETING
SAVING THE SEEDS FARMERS NEED
BANKING ON TECHNOLOGY
AFRICA'S GROWTH INDUSTRY
BANKS FOR AFRICA'S POOR
UPDATES

GLOBAL HEALTH
OVERVIEW
BROADCASTERS FIGHT AIDS
THE ROAD TO AN HIV VACCINE
THE DELIVERY QUESTION
STOPPING TB
FIGHTING FORGOTTEN DISEASES
UPDATES

UNITED STATES
OVERVIEW
RECONNECTING COMMUNITIES
SPREADING SUCCESS
EDUCATING AMERICA
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IRC Annual Report 2006

2006 was an important year for IRC. The organization successfully completed its Business Plan for 2002- 2006 and embarked on a new plan for the coming five years. It also became autonomous from the development cooperation and environment ministries that had traditionally provided its core funding. In the new situation, both ministries have agreed to provide funding under the new Business Plan.

The main theme running through all activities in 2006 was capacity strengthening. IRC believes that capacity constraints are a major hurdle in achieving the Millennium Development Goals in the
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Community-Based Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition

Severe acute malnutrition remains a major killer of children under five years of age. Until recently, treatment has been restricted to facility-based approaches, greatly limiting its coverage and impact. New evidence suggests, however, that large numbers of children with severe acute malnutrition can be treated in their communities without being admitted to a health facility or a therapeutic feeding centre.

The community-based approach involves timely detection of severe acute malnutrition in the community and provision
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Communicable Disease Risk Assessment: Protocol for Humanitarian Emergencies

Humanitarian emergencies caused by conflict or natural disasters, are frequently characterized by the displacement of large numbers of people, with severe disruption of basic infrastructure, resulting in overcrowding, increased exposure to disease vectors, food insecurity, and lack of access to safe water, sanitation, and basic health services. In populations affected by humanitarian emergencies, the risk of communicable diseases is greatly increased, with particularly high morbidity and mortality from communicable diseases in acute conflict situations.
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The Global Fund: Southern Africa Overview

Report
The Global Fund
Disease impedes development and perpetuates poverty. This is true everywhere, but Southern Africa may be the only region of the world where ill health is the main threat to development, growth and equity. The AIDS epidemic, shadowed by a dramatic rise in tuberculosis and in areas supplemented by malaria as a leading killer of children, has crippled several countries' efforts to make use of the region's decade of peace to improve living conditions and opportunities for its peoples.