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OCHA's Annual Evaluation Report for 2006

In 2006, ESS was involved in a total of eleven evaluation activities, two more than in the previous year. Nine of these were directly managed or conducted by the section. These included, on an inter-agency basis, the finalization of the evaluation of Tsunami Evaluation Coalition (TEC), the wrapping-up and dissemination of a systemwide evaluation of the coordination of the international response to the tsunami, an evaluation of the Human Security Trust Fund, an inter-agency real-time review of the application of the cluster approach in Pakistan, and active
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Aid Allocation and the MDGs: How Much Should Different Countries Get and Why?

Different developing countries receive very different amounts of aid. Even considering just low-income countries, amounts ranged in 2004 from around $90 per capita in Zambia and Senegal to less than $5 per capita in Nigeria and less than $1 per capita in India (World Bank, 2006). Are these differences justified, and if not, what would an improved allocation look like?

This Briefing Paper discusses the issue further, and concludes with recommendations for donors.
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Towards Universal Success: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health sector

At the June 2006 General Assembly High-Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS, United Nations Member States agreed to work towards the goal of "universal access to comprehensive prevention programmes, treatment, care and support" by 2010. This goal calls for the international community to further build on the progress made in the global response to HIV/AIDS in recent years.

For this reason, WHO, as the UNAIDS cosponsor responsible for the health sector response in the context of scaling up access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, has established
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New Evidence on the Urbanization of Global Poverty

Report
World Bank
We find that one-quarter of the world's consumption poor live in urban areas and that the proportion has been rising over time. By fostering economic growth, urbanization helped reduce absolute poverty in the aggregate but did little for urban poverty. Over 1993-2002, the count of the "$1 a day" poor fell by 150 million in rural areas but rose by 50 million in urban areas. The poor have been urbanizing even more rapidly than the population as a whole. There are marked regional differences: Latin America has the most urbanized poverty problem, East
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Building Africa Peacekeeping Capacity: Donors and African Union's Emerging Peace and Security Architecture

This paper advances the argument that if capacity-building programmes were to instead operate from the idea of a strategic global-regional partnership - and thereby practical division of peacekeeping roles, responsibility, and labour - conflict management conducted by the AU could not only perhaps be made more feasible, but could ultimately be transformed into a pivotal component of the African peace and security architecture.

This paper is divided into five chapters which include an overview of regionalized peacekeeping in Africa, an analysis
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Legal Issues from the International Response to Tropical Storm Stan in Guatemala

The purpose of this report is to examine the legal and regulatory issues raised by the international response to Stan in Guatemala. Its focus is on how existing laws and policies impacted on the international relief and recovery effort during the period of declared national disaster and the early reconstruction phase in late 2005. Relevant laws and policies include those established to prevent and respond to disasters as well as a range of others, such as those regulating: legal recognition of relief organizations; tax status of NGOs; customs clearance and import
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Retenez vos Applaudissements ! Les Gouvernements de l'UE Risquent de ne pas Tenir leurs Engagements en Matière d'Aide

Report
Concord
En 2002 et de nouveau en 2005, les gouvernements des Etats membres de l'Union européenne (UE) se sont engagés à accroître d'une manière substantielle l'aide aux pays pauvres. Selon les résultats officiels, la plupart des pays européens ont tenu leurs promesses relatives à l'aide. Les citoyens européens devraient cependant se retenir d'applaudir à cette annonce parce que nombre de gouvernements continuent à faire des déclarations trompeuses en ce qui concerne les budgets relatifs à l'aide: près d'un tiers de l'aide publique au développement (APD) déclarée ne sont pas réellement de l'aide.
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Education Under Attack: A Global Study on Targeted Political and Military Violence Against Education Staff, Students, Teachers, Union and Government Officials, and Institutions

The objective of this report is to raise awareness and understanding of the extent to which those involved in education are facing violent attacks, particularly in complex emergency contexts, and what can and should be done about the problem. This study focuses on targeted violent attacks, carried out for political, military, ideological, sectarian, ethnic or religious reasons, against students, teachers, academics, education trade unionists, education officials and all those who work in or for education institutions such as schools, colleges and universities.
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Foreign Assistance: Various Challenges Impede the Efficiency and Effectiveness of U.S. Food Aid

Why GAO Did This Study

The United States is the largest global food aid donor, accounting for over half of all food aid supplies to alleviate hunger and support development. Since 2002, Congress has appropriated an average of $2 billion per year for U.S. food aid programs, which delivered an average of 4 million metric tons of food commodities per year. Despite growing demand for food aid, rising business and transportation costs have contributed to a 52 percent decline in average tonnage delivered over the last 5 years. These costs represent 65 percent of total emergency food
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Social-networking Web Systems: Opportunities for Humanitarian Information Management

This article was written by a former ReliefWeb Information Officer and presents recent developments in networking and information management, as well as potential challenges and solutions.

The access to timely information is critical for relief operations in emergency situations. Over the last years social-networking web systems, such as blogs and wikis, along with new information retrieval techniques have become more and more popular and have been applied fruitfully in many contexts. However, a comprehensive inclusion in humanitarian information

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NRC Annual Report 2006

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian organisation which provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to displaced persons worldwide. It is the only Norwegian humanitarian organisation to specialise in international work with this target group. NRC works in close collaboration with the UN and other organisations, both around the world and in Norway.

At the end of 2006, NRC had projects running in 20 countries in Africa, Asia, America and Europe. The three main pillars of NRC operations - Programme Activities, Advocacy and Emergency
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Monitoring the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on Construction of Core Indicators

Report
UNAIDS
The primary purpose of this document is to provide key constituents who are actively involved in a country's response to AIDS with essential information on core indicators that measure the effectiveness of the national response. These guidelines will also help ensure the consistency and transparency of the process used by national governments. In addition, this information can be used by UNAIDS to prepare regional and global progress reports on implementation of the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS.
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ProVention Forum 2007 - Making Disaster Risk Reduction Work

The 2007 ProVention Forum focused on the theme of 'Making Disaster Risk Reduction Work'. The Forum was held in Dar es Salaam and brought together more than 100 partners. The aim of this Forum report is to highlight the most innovative ideas, the greatest challenges and any emerging trends for disaster risk reduction that came out of the formal workshop discussions and more informal discussions between participants during the meeting.
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Field Manual for Capacity Assessment of Health Facilities in Responding to Emergencies

Although the present title deviates from the original publication, Protocol for Assessment of Health Facilities in Responding to Emergencies (WHO, 1999), this document serves as an updated second edition. Similar to the first edition, this updated edition is a management tool for health professionals evaluating the preparedness of their respective health facilities for dealing with disasters. The needs of professionals who manage health facilities, including national and provincial emergency coordinators and regional emergency focal points, were kept in
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UNHCR Policy and Practice: Confronting Calls for Change

The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) is a UN program financed outside of the regular budget and thus relies upon additional member-state donations. The UNHCR began in 1950 to assist the refugees of WWII. It helped return refugees to their homes or helped provide asylum in other lands. Two previous UN institutions preceded UNHCR with similar tasks and goals: first, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) that was founded in mid-WWII to aid people living within liberated areas. Its projects concluded in
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DanChurchAid: Annual Report 2006-2007

Report
DanChurchAid
Every year DanChurchAid reviews its work worldwide.

The review highlights key operations and development activities, and includes the year's financial statements of where the money went; where the money came from; and what the money was spent on.
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Mass Casualty Management Systems - Strategies and Guidelines for Building Health Sector Capacity

Major emergencies, crises and disasters have become more frequent during recent decades, especially in middle and low income countries. They affect more and more people, disrupting health sector programmes and essential services, and slowing the process of sustainable human development.

Many lives could be saved if the affected communities were better prepared, with an organized scalable response system already in place. In addition, survivors of mass casualty incidents often suffer disabilities or health impairment - physical or psychological.
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El Sistema de Tratados de Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas: Introducción a los Tratados Fundamentales de Derechos Humanos y a los Órganos Creados en Virtud de Tratados

El presente Folleto informativo ofrece una introducción general a los tratados internacionales fundamentales de derechos humanos básicos y a los comités u "órganos creados en virtud de tratados", que vigilan su aplicación por los Estados Partes. Los siete tratados fundamentales de derechos humanos establecen las normas internacionales para la protección y promoción de los derechos humanos que los Estados pueden suscribir adhiriéndose a cada uno de ellos. Todo Estado Parte tiene la obligación de adoptar medidas para asegurar que todas