Livestock are commonly kept in many refugee situations and, in many instances, form an important part of community activities. They are also a fundamental requirement in many returnee situations given the broad range of products which they can provide.
In addition to the selected products high-lighted below, additional reasons for enhancing livestock-keeping practices in refugee and returnee operations include:
limiting the negative impacts of certain animal species on the environment;
By Tapiwa Gomo, Harare
ICRC - Press release 05/46
Maputo, 26 August 2005 - The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Committee for Africa comprising health ministers from 46 Member States has declared tuberculosis an emergency in the African region - a response to an epidemic that has more than quadrupled the annual number of new TB cases in most African countries since 1990 and is continuing to rise across the continent, killing more than half a million people every year.
22 August 2005, Rome - Starting today, African governments, international development organizations and fisheries experts from around the world are gathering in Abuja, Nigeria for a three day conference on how Africa's fisheries and aquaculture can produce more food for the hunger-beset continent.
The General Assembly, in paragraph 29 of its resolution 59/211, requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its sixtieth session a comprehensive and updated report on the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and protection of United Nations personnel and on the implementation of the resolution. The present report outlines the threats against the safety and security of humanitarian and United Nations personnel over the past year and responds to the Assembly’s requests and recommendations that fall under the purvie w of the Department of Safety and Security.
New Report Projects Food Security in Africa to 2025
Officials, activists and scholars have been preoccupied by state fragility at least since the collapse of the Somali state in the early 1990s, yet it is the events of September 11, 2001 that catapulted these concerns to the top of international policy agendas. Since then state fragility has been the focus of policy development in the OECD and the World Bank.
Several northern governments have also issued policy statements on the subject.
Humanitarian aid addresses the victims of crises and disasters, aiming to save lives and mitigate human suffering, and is provided independently of the victims' ethnic, religious and political affiliations (VENRO 2003b:2). Over the last few years, the framework conditions of humanitarian aid have changed considerably. For one thing, the environment that humanitarian aid operates in has become more complex and complicated. For instance, during the last few years, the numbers of humanitarian actors have grown several times in the last few years.
This paper aims to provide an overview of lessons learned and good practice in business, conflict, and peacebuilding, as they have emerged from actual experience. In this overview, key challenges are examined, and the paper also tries to anchor the issue within the wider peacebuilding spectrum. Consequently, it provides recommendations to donors and practitioners on how development co-operation can be used to support work in this area.
War, technology, and the norms governing
warfare have influenced each other dramatically since the beginning of
organized conflict. In the early twenty-first century, the pace of technological
change in warfare has quickened.
As norms governing war become outdated, law is reinterpreted, ignored, or discarded. This report analyses how war and law are likely to react to one another in the near future.
The report discusses how current weapons development programs and overall trends in technology influence international humanitarian law (IHL) in three respects;
In its Gender Policy approved in 2001, the Bank reaffirmed its commitment to promote gender equality and sustainable human and economic development in Africa as its main goal. The policy objectives are to mainstream gender issues in its activities and to support the efforts of Regional Member Countries (RMCs) to attain gender equality objectives.
The study was conducted against the backdrop of livelihood crisis and HIV and AIDS as critical challenges to poverty eradication within the sub-region. The report documents evidence of best practice as well as analysis of the link between food crisis and the epidemic itself. Based on a case study conducted in Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, the study argue that there is need to deal with poverty and resource constraints in the understanding of the interplay between HIV and AIDS and prevailing community challenges.
This study provides the results of a sub-study
on the management of manual mine clearance. The study was conducted over
a period of seven months, involved nongovernmental (NGOs) and governmental
organisations, commercial firms and military personnel from several countries
and included field visits to three countries.
IDRL Programme Goal: The IDRL Programme
seeks to reduce the vulnerability and suffering of people affected by natural
and technological disasters by raising awareness, promoting the implementation,
and encouraging the progressive development of laws, rules and principles
that ensure a timely, adequate and efficient international response to
disasters, where international involvement is needed.
The IDRL pursues this goal in consultation with major stakeholders - national societies, Governments, International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs), NGO's, and academics).
Over the next 10 years, Plan in Asia will
contribute around US $1 billion towards the development of millions of
children and their families in at least 12 countries across the region.
So this document assesses the situation and needs for next decade in those
countries and provides strategic framework for Plan staff, and all
who work with or contribute to Plan. However, this is also valuable for
anyone who is concern with issues such as refugees, protection and education.
1 Child poverty in Asia: 2005 - 2015
The Humanitarian Response Review (HRR)
was launched by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) to assess the humanitarian
response capacities of the UN, NGOs, Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement and
other key humanitarian actors including the International Organization
for Migration (IOM), identify the gaps and make recommendations to address