Livestock are commonly kept in many refugee situations and, in many instances, form an important part of community activities. They are also a fundamental requirement in many returnee situations given the broad range of products which they can provide.
In addition to the selected products high-lighted below, additional reasons for enhancing livestock-keeping practices in refugee and returnee operations include:
limiting the negative impacts of certain animal species on the environment;
By Tapiwa Gomo, Harare
ICRC - Press release 05/46
Maputo, 26 August 2005 - The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Committee for Africa comprising health ministers from 46 Member States has declared tuberculosis an emergency in the African region - a response to an epidemic that has more than quadrupled the annual number of new TB cases in most African countries since 1990 and is continuing to rise across the continent, killing more than half a million people every year.
22 August 2005, Rome - Starting today, African governments, international development organizations and fisheries experts from around the world are gathering in Abuja, Nigeria for a three day conference on how Africa's fisheries and aquaculture can produce more food for the hunger-beset continent.
The General Assembly, in paragraph 29 of its resolution 59/211, requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its sixtieth session a comprehensive and updated report on the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and protection of United Nations personnel and on the implementation of the resolution. The present report outlines the threats against the safety and security of humanitarian and United Nations personnel over the past year and responds to the Assembly’s requests and recommendations that fall under the purvie w of the Department of Safety and Security.
New Report Projects Food Security in Africa to 2025
Officials, activists and scholars have been preoccupied by state fragility at least since the collapse of the Somali state in the early 1990s, yet it is the events of September 11, 2001 that catapulted these concerns to the top of international policy agendas. Since then state fragility has been the focus of policy development in the OECD and the World Bank.
Several northern governments have also issued policy statements on the subject.
Humanitarian aid addresses the victims of crises and disasters, aiming to save lives and mitigate human suffering, and is provided independently of the victims' ethnic, religious and political affiliations (VENRO 2003b:2). Over the last few years, the framework conditions of humanitarian aid have changed considerably. For one thing, the environment that humanitarian aid operates in has become more complex and complicated. For instance, during the last few years, the numbers of humanitarian actors have grown several times in the last few years.
The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the more salient requirements for intelligence in African peace operations, and to provide insights into how these needs are (or are not) being met. It does so with specific reference to intelligence needs related to civilian protection, arms embargoes and DDR, and to the role played by Military Observers, Political Affairs Officers and appointed experts in peace operations. The paper concludes with an overview of ongoing efforts to establish Joint Mission Analysis Cells as a solution to current intelligence deficits.
In its Gender Policy approved in 2001, the Bank reaffirmed its commitment to promote gender equality and sustainable human and economic development in Africa as its main goal. The policy objectives are to mainstream gender issues in its activities and to support the efforts of Regional Member Countries (RMCs) to attain gender equality objectives.
This issue presents data on natural disasters
during the first six months of 2005 and also deals with the question of
whether natural disasters are increasing in occurrence and impact.
The first semester of 2005 was relatively uneventful in terms of natural disaster impact. This was a welcomed breather after the tragic tsunami of December 2004, the final impact of which still remains to be fully addressed.
The 2005 Yearbook analyses developments in security and conflicts, military spending and armaments, and non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament, with annexes on arms control and disarmament agreements and a chronology of security- and arms control-related events.
War, technology, and the norms governing
warfare have influenced each other dramatically since the beginning of
organized conflict. In the early twenty-first century, the pace of technological
change in warfare has quickened.
As norms governing war become outdated, law is reinterpreted, ignored, or discarded. This report analyses how war and law are likely to react to one another in the near future.
The report discusses how current weapons development programs and overall trends in technology influence international humanitarian law (IHL) in three respects;
This report studies the risks to the deminer
as part of the clearance process and considers the follow-on risks on land
that has been "cleared". The report defines some boundaries
within the field of risk management and outlines a process of undertaking
a risk assessment, which is reinforced with a worked example of the application
of this process. It also presents some statistical evidence that the process
of manual mine clearance is less dangerous than many perceive it to be.
This paper aims to provide an overview of lessons learned and good practice in business, conflict, and peacebuilding, as they have emerged from actual experience. In this overview, key challenges are examined, and the paper also tries to anchor the issue within the wider peacebuilding spectrum. Consequently, it provides recommendations to donors and practitioners on how development co-operation can be used to support work in this area.
Currently, the world has 12 million refugees, nearly 8 million of whom have been living in camps or settlements for more than ten years. Some refugees have lived in such camps for generations. Many of them are prohibited from moving about freely and, over time, develop dependency on humanitarian aid, such as food, shelter, health care and education. Durable solutions cannot be realized if refugees are denied some of the basic human rights, and remain passive recipients of aid.
The aim of this study and evaluation is for the first time to assess implementation qualities, weaknesses and development impact of nine years of support to a journalism training project in Palestine: 1996-2004 Fully-funded by Sida, the implementation has been delegated to the Institute for further education of journalists - Fojo, who has in turn worked in close partnership with the Birzeit University Media Institute, BZUMI in Palestine.