Livestock are commonly kept in many refugee situations and, in many instances, form an important part of community activities. They are also a fundamental requirement in many returnee situations given the broad range of products which they can provide.
In addition to the selected products high-lighted below, additional reasons for enhancing livestock-keeping practices in refugee and returnee operations include:
limiting the negative impacts of certain animal species on the environment;
By Tapiwa Gomo, Harare
ICRC - Press release 05/46
Maputo, 26 August 2005 - The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Committee for Africa comprising health ministers from 46 Member States has declared tuberculosis an emergency in the African region - a response to an epidemic that has more than quadrupled the annual number of new TB cases in most African countries since 1990 and is continuing to rise across the continent, killing more than half a million people every year.
22 August 2005, Rome - Starting today, African governments, international development organizations and fisheries experts from around the world are gathering in Abuja, Nigeria for a three day conference on how Africa's fisheries and aquaculture can produce more food for the hunger-beset continent.
The General Assembly, in paragraph 29 of its resolution 59/211, requested the Secretary-General to submit to it at its sixtieth session a comprehensive and updated report on the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and protection of United Nations personnel and on the implementation of the resolution. The present report outlines the threats against the safety and security of humanitarian and United Nations personnel over the past year and responds to the Assembly’s requests and recommendations that fall under the purvie w of the Department of Safety and Security.
New Report Projects Food Security in Africa to 2025
Officials, activists and scholars have been preoccupied by state fragility at least since the collapse of the Somali state in the early 1990s, yet it is the events of September 11, 2001 that catapulted these concerns to the top of international policy agendas. Since then state fragility has been the focus of policy development in the OECD and the World Bank.
Several northern governments have also issued policy statements on the subject.
Currently, the world has 12 million refugees, nearly 8 million of whom have been living in camps or settlements for more than ten years. Some refugees have lived in such camps for generations. Many of them are prohibited from moving about freely and, over time, develop dependency on humanitarian aid, such as food, shelter, health care and education. Durable solutions cannot be realized if refugees are denied some of the basic human rights, and remain passive recipients of aid.
This issue presents data on natural disasters
during the first six months of 2005 and also deals with the question of
whether natural disasters are increasing in occurrence and impact.
The first semester of 2005 was relatively uneventful in terms of natural disaster impact. This was a welcomed breather after the tragic tsunami of December 2004, the final impact of which still remains to be fully addressed.
The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the more salient requirements for intelligence in African peace operations, and to provide insights into how these needs are (or are not) being met. It does so with specific reference to intelligence needs related to civilian protection, arms embargoes and DDR, and to the role played by Military Observers, Political Affairs Officers and appointed experts in peace operations. The paper concludes with an overview of ongoing efforts to establish Joint Mission Analysis Cells as a solution to current intelligence deficits.
The 2005 Yearbook analyses developments in security and conflicts, military spending and armaments, and non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament, with annexes on arms control and disarmament agreements and a chronology of security- and arms control-related events.
This report studies the risks to the deminer
as part of the clearance process and considers the follow-on risks on land
that has been "cleared". The report defines some boundaries
within the field of risk management and outlines a process of undertaking
a risk assessment, which is reinforced with a worked example of the application
of this process. It also presents some statistical evidence that the process
of manual mine clearance is less dangerous than many perceive it to be.
War, technology, and the norms governing
warfare have influenced each other dramatically since the beginning of
organized conflict. In the early twenty-first century, the pace of technological
change in warfare has quickened.
As norms governing war become outdated, law is reinterpreted, ignored, or discarded. This report analyses how war and law are likely to react to one another in the near future.
The report discusses how current weapons development programs and overall trends in technology influence international humanitarian law (IHL) in three respects;
In its Gender Policy approved in 2001, the Bank reaffirmed its commitment to promote gender equality and sustainable human and economic development in Africa as its main goal. The policy objectives are to mainstream gender issues in its activities and to support the efforts of Regional Member Countries (RMCs) to attain gender equality objectives.
This report highlights the accomplishments
of the Member States working together with the PAHO Secretariat, partners,
and strategic allies for the health of the people of the Americas. The
list of achievements during the period 2004-2005 is not exclusive, but
rather seeks only to reflect the diversity and richness of their efforts
in the three areas of PAHO's technical cooperation:
- Addressing the unfinished agenda,
- Protecting health achievements, and
- Facing new challenges.
El siguiente informe destaca los logros
de los Estados Miembros que colaboran con la Oficina, socios y aliados
estratégicos para la salud de los pueblos de las Américas. La lista de
los logros durante el período 2004-2005 no es de ninguna manera excluyente
y solo tiene por objeto reflejar la diversidad y la riqueza de los esfuerzos
en las tres áreas de cooperación técnica de la OPS:
- abordar la agenda inconclusa,
- proteger los logros en materia de salud,
- y hacer frente a los nuevos retos.
Many millions of civilians continue to be deliberately targeted in war today, or suffer from the extreme consequences of armed conflict with its inevitable disruption, deprivation, displacement, disease and discrimination. Millions of others need protection in the many natural disasters or protracted social conflicts that come to dominate their lives.