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Human Development Report 2004 - Cultural Liberty in Today's Diverse World

This report is about the questions of how best to manage and mitigate conflict over language, religion, culture and ethnicity, which have taken on renewed importance. The following issues are discussed:

- Cultural liberty and human development
- Challenges for cultural liberty
- Building multicultural democracies
- Confronting movements for cultural domination
- Globalization and cultural choice

This is an independent study intended to stimulate debate and discussion around an important issue, rather than a statement of United Nations or UNDP policy.
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Beyond the Continuum: The Changing Role of Aid Policy in Protracted Crises

The changing relationship between the ideas, instruments and financing of the humanitarian system and of mainstream development cooperation in situations of protracted crisis.

- Overview of changing role of aid policy in protracted crises
- Changing role of UN political and development actors in protracted crisis
- International financial institutions and engagement in protracted crisis
- Changing role of US aid policy in protracted crises
- Financing countries in protracted humanitarian crisis.

This report, published in July 2004, is the
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EU and US Food Aid - Effects on Local Production and Imports

This study analyses the impact of food aid on production in receiving countries and on commercial import both on aggregate, and for the EU and the US food aid separately. It has often been claimed that there is a substantial risk that inflows of free food will negatively affect the incentives to maintain local production levels and in practice generate a dependency on food aid.

According to the results of this study, emergency food aid has no significant impact on either current or future levels of local production or commercial imports. However, a displacement of commercial

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Action Plan to Support OCHA's Gender Mainstreaming Policy

This Action Plan is to be viewed in tandem with the OCHA Policy on Gender Mainstreaming in Humanitarian Coordination.

The Policy outlines the following areas of focus for OCHA:

- Gender mainstreaming in information management and analysis: OCHA will support the humanitarian community's analysis of the gender dimensions of capacities and vulnerabilities thus contributing to an improved understanding of emergencies.
- Gender mainstreaming in humanitarian response: OCHA will work to ensuring that humanitarian assistance recognizes
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis

Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis, a UNIFEM, UNFPA and UNAIDS collaboration, concludes that women are bearing the brunt of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and that strategies to reverse it cannot succeed unless women and girls are empowered to reclaim their rights. Gender inequality must be confronted to deal successfully with the AIDS pandemic.

The report is made up of eight chapters:

- Confronting the crisis
- Prevention
- Treatment
- Caregiving
- Education
- Violence
- Women's rights
- Charting the way forward
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Adolescent programming experiences during conflict and post--conflict

This document is addressed the issue of Child Participation in community development and peacebuilding
during crisis. The case studies presented in the document are examples of programming that encourages adolescent participation in community development and peacebuilding during crisis. Collectively, the case studies offer a wealth of information and new ideas.

In this study, the documentation of adolescent participation in programme planning and implementation
during humanitarian emergencies has been analysed within the broader framework of the Convention
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OCHA's role in ensuring a gender perspective in humanitarian coordination

For OCHA, mainstreaming a gender perspective in humanitarian assistance involves working toward the following four areas.

(1) Humanitarian assistance grounded in and guided by respect for human rights of all (including rights of women and girls).
(2) Humanitarian assistance shaped by an understanding of the different needs, priorities of women, men, boys and girls.
(3) Full and equitable participation of women in decision-making regarding humanitarian assistance (recognizing women as actors and agents, not just victims).

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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Trends in Conflict 2010-2030

This paper is concerned principally with a long-term assessment of trends in conflict during the period of 2010 to 2030. While this involves a degree of speculation, it has a value in requiring one to embrace major trends and tendencies that might not otherwise be considered relevant in responding to short-term issues.

There are three global issues that are emerging as likely determinants of international insecurity and violence:
  • the weapons proliferation legacy of the Cold War
  • increasingly bitter socio-economic divisions
  • global environmental constraints
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Report on Emergency Capacity

The Interagency Working Group on Emergency Capacity (IWG) is a consortium of seven NGOs undertaking a collaborative capacity-building effort. Its members - CARE USA, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), Mercy Corps, Oxfam GB, Save the Children US (SC-US), and World Vision International (WVI) - are
leading relief and development organizations that, combined, program $3 billion annually in over 100 countries around the world. In early 2004, the IWG hired a consultant to conduct a detailed
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With or Against? Humanitarian Agencies and Coalition Counter-Insurgency

What is the difference between Sphere's NGO Handbook on humanitarian response and a counter-insurgency manual? This question is not as facetious as it may sound because much enlightened counter-insurgency strategy focuses on improving people's lives through relief and development work. Indeed, the question suggests a deeper one about the contemporary relationship between Coalition counter-insurgency and humanitarian programming. Do humanitarian agencies and Coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan share some of the same moral goals and employ the
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What is International Humanitarian Law?

International humanitarian law is a set of rules which seek, for humanitarian reasons, to limit the effects of armed conflict. It protects persons who are not or are no longer participating in the hostilities and restricts the means and methods of warfare. International humanitarian law is also known as the law of war or the law of armed conflict.

International humanitarian law is part of international law, which is the body of rules governing relations between States. International law is contained in agreements between States -
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Targeting Food Aid in Emergencies

This supplement is intended to provide guidance on the design of food targeting systems in emergencies. Targeting is defined as directing a particular type or quantity of food, to a defined population group. A broad definition of emergency contexts has been used, to include rapid and slow onset emergencies and responses aimed at emergency preparedness, in acute and protracted settings.

Developing targeting systems, which can be operated effectively at reasonable financial and administrative cost, has been a focus of work in the humanitarian and development sectors
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A Preliminary Exploration of the Linkages between Refugees and Small Arms

The purpose of this study is to explore the complex relationship between refugees and arms infusion. It examines the nature and extent of refugee involvement in small arms diffusion by analysing refugees' demand for small arms and how their cross-border movements lead to the circulation of arms. The study also examines the sources of small arms available to refugees. This study is embedded in the emerging research focusing on refugees as actors in and not just victims of conflict.
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Regional Seminar on Internal Displacement in the Americas

This document is a report from the first regional seminar on internal displacement in the Americas. The seminar was held in Mexico City on 18-20 February 2004, hosted by the Government of Mexico and co-sponsored by the Brookings-SAIS Project and the Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons.

The seminar seeked to examine current trends in internal displacement in the Americas, and to strengthen the national, regional, and international response. More than sixty persons participated,
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Recovering from Violent Conflict: Regeneration and Re-Integration as Elements of Peacebuilding

In the last decade of the 20th century 43 countries have been considered as countries emerging from violent conflicts. Most of them were affected by intra-state wars and civil wars, and an extraordinary high percentage was located in the African continent.

This report gives an overview of the variety of tasks required to make post-conflict recovery successful in the sense of preventing further conflict and some tensions and dilemmas are identified and discussed. In addition it deals with terms and concepts and points out general premises for post-conflict recovery activities in
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World + 1 other
Humanitarian Exchange Magazine No. 27 - Famine Response

At the World Food Conference in 1974, governments proclaimed that 'every man, woman and child has the inalienable right to be free from hunger and malnutrition in order to develop their physical and mental faculties'. They promised that, within a decade, 'no child would go hungry'. Ten years later, in Ethiopia, between 800,000 and a million people died in one of the worst famines in the country's modern history. The scale and severity of the famine eventually triggered an unprecedented international response. Such events as Band Aid and Live Aid marked the
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Gender resource package for peacekeeping operations

This gender resource package is designed to explain the concept of "gender mainstreaming" to peacekeeping personnel at Headquarters and in missions. It is a reference guide that includes background information and highlights key gender issues in each functional area of peacekeeping operations.

The package provides guidance on gender issues at the planning stage as well as after the establishment of a peacekeeping operation, and includes a number of practical tools such as a gender assessment checklist for planning and guides to implementation.
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United Nations Ongoing Peacekeeping Missions

Current UN operations.
Military personnel and civilian police serving in peacekeeping operations on 31 May 2004: 55,457
Countries contributing military personnel and civilian police on 31 May 2004: 97
Proposed budgets for the period from 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2005: About $2.65 billion*