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Advocacy Guidelines - Humanitarian Aid of the Swiss Confederation

These Guidelines are intended to be used as a practical tool for the conduct of advocacy activities. Indeed, the practical objective of translating "Advocacy" into action has needed clarification of its content and of  the procedures to be followed for its implementation. As a consequence, the document serves the following purposes:

 - To give practical guidance to practitioners in the field

 - To guide Swiss humanitarian aid in the dialogue and coordination within the Swiss Federal Offices

 - To guide humanitarian practitioners

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Water Action Plan

This action plan describes how DFID will take forward its commitments in water and sanitation and continue to contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals in a way that recognises that such efforts are most effective when they support developing country governments' own plans. Through its five sections, the paper makes the following arguments:

- Billions of people lack adequate water and sanitation systems
- Access to safe water is an indicator of international development
- Only 8 out of 44 countries are on track to achieve the water target
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2003-2004

This report presents an analysis of the socio-economic impacts of technological change in agriculture and surveys the current evidence regarding the safety of transgenic crops for human health and the environment. It recommends targeted investments in agricultural research, extension and regulatory capacity to ensure that the potential of agricultural biotechnology is brought to bear on the needs of the poor. The document is divided in three parts:

- Agricultural biotechnology: meeting the needs of the poor?
- World and regional review: facts and figures
- Statistical annex
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Good Practices Review - Disaster Risk Reduction: Mitigation and Preparedness in Development and Emergency Programming

This document offers a review of the good practices concerning mitigation and preparedness in development and emergency programming. The review aims to help practitioners to:

- Appreciate the significance of hazards and the risks associated with them
- Assess the need for risk management in project planning
- Recognise the main issues to be addressed when carrying out risk reduction
- Understand how to address these issues in practice.

Intended for project planners and managers working at sub-national levels and in local government, the document points
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A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating HIV/AIDS Care and Support

This guide describes what care and support programmes are, what a system for monitoring and evaluating care and support should look like, and indicators for monitoring and evaluating various components of a care and treatment programme. Final sections on operations research and related reading are also included. The document is divided as follow:

- What are programmes for HIV/AIDS care and support?
- A monitoring and evaluation system for HIV/AIDS care and support
- Indicators for monitoring and evaluating HIV/AIDS care and support programmes 15
- Operations research.
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Emergency Obstetric Care: Critical Need among Populations Affected by Conflict

This report documents the availability of emergency obstetric care services in selected sites in nine countries. The determination of availability of services was made through needs assessments conducted as part of the Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC) Consortium Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) Project. With the exception of three assessments conducted in 2002 for the Pakistan and Uganda projects, the assessments were conducted in 2001.

The purpose of this report is to provide organizations, donors and governments with summary information on the status
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Gender Issues and Concerns in Financing for Development

The objective of this background paper is to use a gendered approach in examining the development financing strategies endorsed in the 2002 Monterrey Consensus. The paper seeks to identify what needs to be done to ensure that gender perspectives are incorporated in the follow up mechanisms to the conference as well as in the broader global effort for economic and gender justice, peace and the realization of human rights.

The paper is organized as follows:
- Section II reviews the different theoretical perspectives and empirical patterns on the relationship between finance
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Creating Partnerships, Educating Children: Case Studies from Catholic Relief Services

The Case Studies from Catholic Relief Services entitled "Creating Partnerships, Educating Children" presents eight case studies from field programs that address three important issues for overcoming current educational development challenges:

- how communities can be involved in education,
- how civil society is strengthened through education, and
- how to contribute to shaping education policies that support basic education.
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Addressing the Needs of Women Affected by Armed Conflict

In recent years, much attention has been devoted by international organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), academics and certain governments to the plight, needs and rights of women affected by armed conflict. Recommendations as to how to ensure the most appropriate responses to the needs of women have also ensued. However, for such work to be truly effective, it needs to be adapted for those who operate in situations of armed conflict.

The aim of this Guidance Document is to provide a working tool to ensure the provision of appropriate programmes
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Advocacy Guidelines: Humanitarian Aid of the Swiss Confederation

These Guidelines are meant to be a practical tool of the Swiss Confederation's Humanitarian Aid in the field and at HQ for the benefit of all those human beings in need of assistance and protection resulting from conflicts, crises, natural and technological disasters. The Guidelines are meant to be a work in progress, to be reviewed within two years at the latest.

The Guidelines serve the following purposes:

- to give practical guidance to SDC-HA practitioners in the field

- to guide SDC-HA in the dialogue and
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The Impact of Title II Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Programs on the Nutritional Status of Children

Over the past seven years, Title II Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition (MCHN) activities have evolved from predominantly facility-based food distribution programs targeted at undernourished children and their mothers, combined with some growth monitoring, to integrated community-based development programs with long-term health and sustainability objectives. The result of this shift has been a significant improvement in the nutritional status of children benefiting from these programs. This paper presents the results of a recent review of the impact of Title II
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The Role of Civil Society in Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region

The International Peace Academy (IPA) organized a half-day Civil Society Dialogue for civil society activists from the Great Lakes region of Africa in New York on 26 March 2004. It featured seven civil society actors from the region and drew participants from the United Nations community and academics from institutions within the New York area.
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International Crisis Group Annual Report 2004

ICG started in the mid-1990s as an idea born of despair at the international community's failure to anticipate
and respond effectively to the human tragedies of Somalia, Rwanda and Bosnia. A tiny organisation - at the outset, just two people in a London office - has grown to become, in less than a decade, perhaps the world's leading independent, non-government source of early warning, analysis and advice for governments and international organisations in relation to the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict.
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United Nations agencies applaud new political focus on hunger and rural poverty

Agency heads meet with French President Chirac; advocate twin-track approach of emergency assistance and investment
Paris/Rome, 1 March 2004 - In a meeting today with French President Jacques Chirac, the heads of the three Rome-based UN food agencies welcomed the renewed vigour with which hunger and rural poverty are being addressed.

They reiterated their commitment to intensifying support for the efforts of countries to halve hunger and poverty by 2015, one of the primary targets of the Millennium Declaration in 2000.

Today's meeting followed up on the Joint

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Global Development Goals: the United Nations Experience

This paper shows that over the last four decades the records of goal achievement has been more successful than is often realised. However, the author warns that without changes in strategy and support, the poorest and least developed states are unlikely to achieve most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The paper includes the following chapters:

- An overview of goals set by the UN
- An overview of achievements
- Approaches to implementation
- Defining achievement. What makes for success?
- Costs of action towards achieving the goals
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Humanitarian Exchange Magazine No. 26 - Rwanda ten years on

The tenth anniversary of the start of the Rwanda genocide is on 7 April 2004. The events that ensued represented one of the worst humanitarian catastrophes of recent times. Up to a million people were killed in the genocide and civil war; over two million Rwandans became refugees and more than a million were internally displaced. An estimated 80,000 died in camps in Zaire, Tanzania and Rwanda.

The genocide revealed terrible failings in the international community and weaknesses in the international humanitarian
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War Economies in a Regional Context: Overcoming the Challenges of Transformation

This policy report distills key findings from research commissioned by the International Peace Academy's program on Economic Agendas in Civil Wars (EACW) on the regional dimensions of war economies and the
challenges they pose for peacemaking and peacebuilding. Drawing from analytical research as well as case studies of Afghanistan in Central Asia, Sierra Leone in West Africa, and Bosnia and Herzegovina in Southeast Europe, a number of key issues concerning the political economy of regional war economies and lessons for more effective peacebuilding were identified:
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Roles of Women and Men in Violent Conflicts

To document and understand the gender dynamics of violent conflicts, it is vital to recall the different and coinciding roles played by women and men. This article will review the most important activities, but does not pretend to be exhaustive. For the sake of structuring the following analysis, a distinction will be made between individual, community and state-level analysis.
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UN GA approves appointment of Louise Arbour of Canada as High Commissioner for Human Rights

Fifty-eighth General Assembly
81st Meeting (AM)

The General Assembly this morning approved the appointment of Justice Louise Arbour of Canada as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, for a term of office of four years.

A Canadian Supreme Court Justice and ex-prosecutor of United Nations war crimes tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Ms. Arbour succeeds Sergio Vieira de Mello, who was killed in a terrorist attack in Baghdad last August.

At the outset of the meeting, Assembly