Original map title: The world's IDP populations
Fifty-eighth General Assembly
Thousands of deaths in natural disasters in the developing world could be prevented each year if western governments put more emphasis on protecting vulnerable communities and preparing people to save their own lives, says a new report from Christian relief and development agency Tearfund.
Since January 2003, 71 workers from Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO's) and UN agencies have been killed in security incidents, with 108 seriously injured.1 In Afghanistan and Iraq in particular, the hostile conflict environment has thrown up a whole host of security threats for humanitarian workers who are now becoming vulnerable soft targets.
Global Trends and Developments
"Those who are forced out of their homes -- the refugees who flee in fear for their safety -- are our collective legal and moral responsibility. We have an agreed legal framework for their protection." - The 1951 Refugee Convention
Geneva (ICRC) - On 10 February the International Solidarity Service of the canton of Geneva, which is celebrating its first anniversary, signed an agreement with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) pledging assistance for the victims of "forgotten conflicts."
Budget performance for the period from 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2003 and budget for the period from 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2005
Report of the Secretary-General
OCHA responded to 55 natural and environmental disasters from 1 January to 31 December 2003. See ReliefWeb natural disaster page for details on events.
The recently published UNDP report on natural disasters is an important instrument to be used by policy makers in governments and civil societies to prevent, or at least reduce, forced displacement induced by hazardous natural events and to guide policymakers in a successful rebuilding effort.
Washington, D.C. 2 February 2004 -- The Disaster Risk Index, a feature in the new report "Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development" presented by the United Nations Development Programme, introduces a new method to measure global disaster risk. It demonstrates that populations in wealthy countries represent 15 percent of those exposed to natural disasters, but only 1.8 percent of those who are killed.
In many of today's conflicts, adolescents
represent the majority of children who fight or are associated with armed
forces and groups; however, they are often ineligible for demobilisation
programs for child soldiers as they become adults in the ranks of armed
groups, missing the opportunity for rehabilitation and reintegration into
a peaceful community.
Although food security projects have always included capacity building activities, there is not enough monitoring, evaluation, and documentation of these activities to generate lessons learned and best practices. The USAID Office of Food for Peace's new strategic plan for 2004-08 will give a higher priority to capacity building activities within projects, providing an incentive for cooperating sponsors to more systematically conduct, monitor and evaluate capacity building activities within their projects.
This policy paper provides the WHO/UNICEF statement
regarding countries experiencing complex emergencies. It advocates for
urgent, structured and coordinated supplementary immunization activities,
together with vitamin A supplementation, to reduce the number of measles
deaths and interrupt the transmission of the measles virus during and after
complex emergencies. For this purpose it provides :
- Overview of the measles problem
- Progress and challenges
- Assessment tools are meant to improve awareness of the nature and scope of GBV
- Program tools are meant to improve awareness of the nature and scope of GBV
- Program monitoring and evaluation tools assist in evaluating program effectiveness.
This survey on education in emergencies offers
information on how many refugee, displaced and returnee children and youth
have access to education, and the nature of the education they receive.
The report consists of three parts:
Part I: Explores issues related to students, teachers, curriculum, educational materials, schools and facilities and funding based on information collected during the Global Survey,
This paper examines challenges and obstacles
to ensuring gender justice and accountability in the context of international
peace support operations (PSOs). It looks at the issue of gender justice
from three perspectives:
- How PSOs can foster a culture of gender justice and accountability
- How to strenghten the capacity and mandates for PSOs to respect, protect and promote civilians' human rights
This manual is one of several outcomes
of a three-year Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC) Consortium
to address gender-based violence (GBV) in refugee, formulated according
to a multi-sectoral model of GBV action within and coordination between
the constituent sectors. The manual is meant to be used by humanitarian
prevention and response.
The tools are divided into three major categories: assessment, program design, and program monitoring and evaluation.
Begun in 1977, the annual Country Reports
on Human Rights Practices are designed to assess the state of democracy
and human rights around the world, call attention to violations, and -
where needed - prompt needed changes in U.S. policies toward particular
countries. They are an expression of U.S. vigilance in monitoring other
countries and holding leaders accountable for their treatment of fellow