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Trafficking Routes of Women and Children in Southern Africa

These maps show the general routes used to move women and children into and out of Southern Africa, for the purposes of sexual exploitation.  For a more detailed explanation of the routes used, please see the complete report located on the IOM website.
International Organization for Migration:

Copyright © IOM. All rights reserved.

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Global risk of poliomyelitis (2002)

Data source: WHO (Dec 2002)
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Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy

World Bank
With the risk of civil war being much higher in low-income countries than in middle-income countries, this report examines development as an effective instrument for conflict prevention.

Focusing primarily on the evidence on the efficacy of development for conflict prevention as well as proposing a practical agenda for action, the following chapters are offered:

- Cry havoc: Why civil war matters
- What fuels civil war?
- Policies for peace

The report aims to alert the international
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The Quality of Money: Donor Behaviour in Humanitarian Financing

Tufts University
This independent study examines donor behavior in financing humanitarian action, covering a number of implementation issues, including coordination, coverage of need, profile, management, and accountability for resources.

The report also deals with issues of time and timing, the architecture of donor organizations as well as those of implementing agencies, and the growing concern for effectiveness.

The study is based on more than 300 interviews of eleven bilateral agencies and eight multilateral agencies, from both
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Justice Against Perpetrators, The Role of Prosecution in Peacemaking and Reconciliation

This working paper examines the relationship between Peace and Justice, and the impact of prosecution on peacemaking, in the short term, and reconciliation, in the long term.

Part I is an overview of the different judicial and non-judicial approaches to deal with past conflict, as well as an analysis of their effective contribution to peace and reconciliation through several experiences.

In Part II, the author examines the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia as one of the main judicial approaches currently functioning, and its role in achieving
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Essential Medicines- WHO Model List (revised April 2003)

This document presents a list of minimum medicine needs for a basic health care system, listing the most efficacious, safe and cost-effective medicines for priority conditions.

The document also includes a complementary list with essential medicines for priority diseases, for which specialized diagnostic or monitoring facilities, and/or specialist medical care, and/or specialist training are needed.
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Forward Looking Evaluation of Gender Mainstreaming in UN-HABITAT

This evaluation assesses the achievements of the UN-HABITAT Women and Habitat Programme (WHP) and Gender Unit regarding women's empowerment and gender mainstreaming.

The lessons learned aim to enable the Gender Mainstreaming Unit and UN-HABITAT as a whole to improve gender mainstreaming in general and define tangible objectives and goals for gender mainstreaming, together with success criteria and practical gender-related outputs.
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Tackling Poverty by Reducing Armed Violence

This report provides recommendations on ways and means of integrating arms controls into development policy and programmes. The following questions are investigated:

- Is small arms availability and misuse a development issue?
- Why aren't development agencies more engaged?
- What needs to be done to engage development agencies more effectively?
- How can arms issues best be integrated into development programmes?
- What are the challenges of integrating SALW measures into national development policy frameworks?
- What are the challenges of integrating
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The Role of International Law and Human Rights in Peacemaking and Crafting Durable Solutions for Refugees: Comparative Comment

This document analyses and compares various comments and assumptions concerning the role of international law and human rights in peacemaking and crafting durable solutions for refugees.

The Paper was prepared for the BADIL Expert Forum, "The Role of International Law and Human Rights in Peacemaking and Crafting Durable Solutions for Refugees," held on the 21-23 May 2003, at the Ghent University.