This document analyses and compares various
comments and assumptions concerning the role of international law and human
rights in peacemaking and crafting durable solutions for refugees.
The Paper was prepared for the BADIL Expert Forum, "The Role of International Law and Human Rights in Peacemaking and Crafting Durable Solutions for Refugees," held on the 21-23 May 2003, at the Ghent University.
This report provides recommendations on ways
and means of integrating arms controls into development policy and programmes.
The following questions are investigated:
- Is small arms availability and misuse a development issue?
- Why aren't development agencies more engaged?
- What needs to be done to engage development agencies more effectively?
This evaluation assesses the achievements of the UN-HABITAT Women and Habitat Programme (WHP) and Gender Unit regarding women's empowerment and gender mainstreaming.
The lessons learned aim to enable the Gender Mainstreaming Unit and UN-HABITAT as a whole to improve gender mainstreaming in general and define tangible objectives and goals for gender mainstreaming, together with success criteria and practical gender-related outputs.
Summary of published papers1,2
Field Exchange has previously run articles on the need to address the mental health of war affected populations and to consider the possible link between mental health, economic well being and future food security. The importance of mental health care during and following conflict appears to be increasingly recognised by humanitarian agencies.
Summary of online published paper1
Summary of research1
The public health importance of infant feeding in emergencies has been highlighted in countries such as Iraq and Bosnia where feeding infants with breastmilk substitute is common practice. Although there are few epidemiological studies on the impact of emergencies on infant feeding, many anecdotal reports of adverse health outcomes exist. The displacement of such populations has created new dilemmas for aid workers on how best to assess and support feeding practice.
During the 1999 Kosovo Crisis an opportunity arose to research …
Summary of evaluations1
SC UK recently evaluated a number of emergency nutrition responses undertaken in Eritrea (Gash Barka and Northern Red Sea), Ethiopia (Legambo and Fik) and Kenya (Wajir) during 2000-2001. Reviewed programme interventions included targeted and blanket supplementary feeding, and therapeutic feeding.
Whilst the content of the main recommendations from the evaluations are not ground breaking, they do reiterate the fundamentals of good programming, and the importance of respecting these principles in the difficult circumstances in which …
UN-HABITAT has released a new report on the global water and sanitation crisis which describes a situation in major cities of the developing world as much worse than anyone imagined. It is a problem compounded in part because of skewed statistics.
Press Release Note No. 5784
Marking World Water Day 2003, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today called for a "blue revolution" of improved water management and sharing so that instead of igniting armed conflict, water scarcity and crises united the people of the world.
Silver Spring, MD - As World Water Day is observed on March 22, 2003, the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) continues to address water needs around the world. Every day, more than one billion people around the world lack access to clean water.
Warning that racial discrimination and intolerance are still "extremely serious problems," United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today called on the international community at large to adopt broad national action plans to eliminate racism.
UNDP today launched a new Community Water Initiative that will provide small grants to help local communities meet water and sanitation challenges. Unveiled by Alvaro Umana, leader of UNDP's Energy and Environment practice, at the Third World Water Forum in Kyoto, Japan, the initiative will initially benefit 10 to 15 countries.
Geneva (ICRC) - When war destroys water supplies and sewage systems, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) helps to restore safe drinking water and decent sanitation. When the fighting stops, the problems continue - it may be months or even years before water and sewage systems function normally again.
FAO Director-General: better water harvesting and irrigation could reduce Africa's dependence on food aid