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Southern African Research and Documentation
P O Box 5690, Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-738694/5/6; Fax: 738693
WFP Regional Contingency Planning for El
Nino Maputo, Mozambique
This is the third in a series of information updates provided on a
fortnightly basis by the WFP Regional Office (and the second to be
forwarded to WFP Emergency Report recipients). Please note that the WFP
Regional Office coverage is Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique,
A special Conference issue of FAO's Food Outlook points to a drastic fall in food aid around the globe. The latest figures on food aid in 1996/97 show a sharp drop of 37 percent from the previous year, to just 4.9 million tonnes. This is the lowest level since the start of food aid programmes in the 1950s.
DIAGNOSTIC ADVISORY 97/10
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER/NCEP
November 10, 1997
For relief workers, the dilemmas of working
in conflict situations are not new. The humanitarian community has been
working on a range of initiatives designed to articulate the values and
principles underpinning humanitarian action. This issue addresses the role
NGO's can play in promoting humanitarian law, the necessity of maintaining
the humanitarian presence in central Africa and how female heads of households
cope with conflict.
These Guidelines provide direction regarding
public information during peacekeeping missions. For this purpose they
examine, among other things, issues to consider before going on mission,
dealing with the media, including radio, television and print, as well
as NGO liaisons.
The Guidelines aim to enhance the effectiveness of peacekeeping missions and the security of UN personnel by enhancing credibility and fostering a better understanding of the UN mandate and activities.
The media is focusing a lot of attention
on the increase in Pacific Ocean temperatures in what is called the "El
Niño" (pronounced "ell-neenyo"). This ocean surface
temperature effect was named originally by Peruvian fishermen after the
Christ Child because the El Niño effect often is most noticeable around
TITLE=EYEBALLING EL NINO
INTRO: IT HAPPENS EVERY
THREE TO FOUR YEARS AND INVOLVES A VAST
MOVEMENT OF THERMAL ENERGY AND RAIN ACROSS THE PACIFIC
-- FROM INDONESIA TO THE WESTERN COAST OF SOUTH AMERICA.
THE NAME OF THIS CLIMATE POWERHOUSE IS EL NINO. AND
THIS YEAR, THE WHOLE WORLD IS WATCHING AS ONE OF THE
STRONGEST EL NINOS ON RECORD SHOWS AN INCREASINGLY
El Niño's Effects on Rainfall in Eastern
and Southern Africa
FEWS analyzed historical seasonal rainfall totals for October through the following September to
identify possible relationships with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation weather pattern. Rainfall for
years in which El Niño started between January and June (similar to the present event) were
compared with years when there was no El Niño.
El Niños starting during this period have corresponded with significant differences in seasonal
ALERT No. 2
Further to the ACT Alert of 07 October, we are pleased to inform you about the following developments:
AFRICA (Southern region)
A very useful meeting was held a few days ago between the Coordinating Office and the LWF/WS Directors / Representatives of the southern Africa region - Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Issued weekly by the United Nations World Food Programme
Report No. 43 of 1997 Date: 24 October 1997
This report includes: A)
El Nino Watch B) East Africa: Rwanda,
Burundi, Uganda, Sudan and Kenya C) Central Africa: Democratic Republic
of Congo and Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) D) West Africa: Sierra
Leone E) Resourcing Update.
From J.-M. Boucher, Chief, Programming Service. Available on the
(FEWS southern African coordinator briefs
press on 'El Nino')
By Jim Fisher-Thompson
The World Food Programme has established a global task force to provide a coherent and co-ordinated response to the worsening ecological threat posed by the weather phenomenon known as El Niño.
When one of this century's worst droughts threatened 20 million of the most vulnerable people in southern Africa in 1992-93, an unprecedented regional operation co-ordinated by the World Food Programme averted a disastrous famine.
World Vision in southern Africa is working
to try and minimize the impact of severe
drought that is predicted to occur across the region in the coming months because of
the El Nino weather phenomenon. The Southern Africa Regional Office (SARO) has formed a
"Taskforce for El Nino '97" to collaborate with national offices and help map courses of
action, while a suggested mitigative response strategy has been prepared by members of the task
force with input from World Vision offices in Angola and Mozambique.