The El Niño event is part of a climatic phenomenon known as the El-Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) which strongly affects tropical and mid latitude countries such as Peru, Colombia, Brazil, the central American states, Mexico, the southern USA, tropical Pacific Islands, New Guinea, northern Australia, the whole of southeast Asia, much of southern Africa (especially Zambia and South Africa), and parts of India.
El Niño is a major threat for poor people in need of food. Drought means less crops, less food and danger of famine. In order to respond to the worsening ecological threat posed by El Nina Niño, WFP has already taken a series of measures to avoid a humanitarian tragedy. During the last El Nina in 1992-1993, thanks to tremendous efforts we were able to avoid a major catastrophe.
International Decade for Natural Disaster
This background information on El Niño is drawn from recent contributions to an IDNDR Internet Conference (September-October 1997) on "Floods, Drought: Issues for the 21st Century." They include two short articles reprinted from the conference which provide basic information about El Niño by a university professor from the National Centre for Atmospheric Research in the US, and by a British journalist from The Economist.
El Niño Comes... Or Does It?
Dr. Michael Glantz
Recent reports of the links between El Niño and a range of impacts on health have underscored the sensitivity of several human diseases to climatic factors. These findings have contributed to increased attention paid to human health issues by policy-makers assembled in Kyoto, Japan this December for the high-level segments of the third Conference of Parties for the United Nations Convention on Climate Change.
Supplement to WFP Emergency Report no.
50 of 1997 - December 12, 1997. re: El Niño
This is the fifth in a series of information updates provided on a fortnightly basis. Please note that the WFP Regional Office
coverage is Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
I. El Niño Overview:
The extent of this El Niño, as measured
by the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), continues to be unprecedented:
the SOI for
November was further from the norm than during the same month of the previous El Niño events. In southern Africa, steady
WFP EMERGENCY REPORT
Issued weekly by the United Nations World Food Programme
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has warned that 37 countries in the world are facing shortfalls in food supplies as a result of the El Nino phenomenon.
This phenomenon is caused by the abnormal warming of the ocean in the Pacific, which in turn triggers off a chain reaction in
Since March 1997 FAO has been intensively monitoring and alerting the international community of the impact on agriculture, forestry and fisheries of serious weather anomalies around the world which are believed to be assisted with this year's El Nino. In parts of Latin America and Asia severe weather disturbances have already had far reaching repercussions on national crop production, food security, fisheries and forestry.
Japan's Meteorological Agency says the El Nino weather phenomenon has warmed waters in the eastern Pacific to their highest level this century.
The agency said the average sea surface temperature in the area in November was more than three-and-half degrees Celsius above normal.
But it said the increase indicated that the El Nino event had now peaked, and sea surface temperatures were not expected to rise dramatically in the near future.
ROME The World Food Programme (WFP) appealed today for US$9.4 million in emergency food aid for poor farmers and their families in five countries of Central America where the El Niño meteorological phenomenon has caused drought and floods.
ROMA - El Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA) ha hecho hoy un llamamiento con el fin de reunir 9,4 millones de dólares EE.UU. en ayuda alimentaria de urgencia que irá destinada a los campesinos pobres, y a sus familias, de cinco países de América Central, en los cuales el fenómeno meteorológico "El Niño" ha provocado sequías e inundaciones.
The Federation has just launched an appeal for 13.8 million Swiss Francs to tackle disasters caused by the meteorological
phenomenon "El Niño" in Latin America. Part of the money will be spent immediately on emergency food supplies and other
TITLE=EL NINO/MALARIA (L ONLY)
// EDITORS: THIS WAS VOICED TUESDAY //
INTRO: PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS
SAY THEY HAVE ESTABLISHED A
PREVIOUSLY UNSUSPECTED LINK BETWEEN THE "EL NINO" WEATHER
PHENOMENON AND MALARIA. V-O-A'S JOE CHAPMAN REPORTS FROM NEW
TEXT: SCIENTISTS HAVE LINKED
EL NINO TO DISEASES SUCH AS MALARIA
BEFORE. MOST EXPERTS BELIEVED THAT FAMINES, BROUGHT ON BY
Agenda item 98 (d)
ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: INTERNATIONAL DECADE
FOR NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION
Draft resolution submitted by the Vice-Chairman of the
Committee, Mr. Hans-Peter Glanzer (Austria), on the
basis of informal consultations held on draft
International cooperation to reduce
the impact of the
El Niño phenomenon
The General Assembly,
The Mine Ban Treaty is the international
agreement that bans antipersonnel landmines. Sometimes referred to as the
Ottawa Convention, its official title is: The 1997 Convention on the Prohibition
of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer or Anti-Personnel Mines
and on Their Destruction.
The treaty is the most comprehensive international instrument for ridding the world of the scourge of antipersonnel mines. It deals with everything from mine use, production and trade, to victim assistance, mine clearance and stockpile destruction.
Presenting assessment of prospects for global
food security over the next quarter century, this report reviews recent
events that have significantly influenced food security as well as key
emerging issues that security in the coming years.
In addition, the report analyses the implications of these recent events and emerging issues for agricultural research and food policy reform in developing countries.
These guidelines are intended to provide
the technical basis for the indicators and the recommended method for collecting,
analyzing and reporting data on agricultural productivity. To this purpose,
the document discusses the following topics:
- Issues Related to Measurement and Interpretation of Impact Indicators
- Data Collection Plan
With its particular focus on children, UNICEF's
1998 annual report provides information on malnutrition, including its
causes, approaches to combat it, statistical tables of vital indicators
as well as panels and features on various relevant topics. Its main chapters
- Overview of the scale of malnutrition and the complex interplay of factors that cause it
- Approaches that work: Community involvement, food fortification, growth monitoring and promotion
10:49 PM EST
By Jim Loney
MIAMI (Reuters) - For the hurricane-weary people of the Caribbean and the southeastern United States, the 1997 Atlantic