In Focus: Refugee crisis in Europe
- Red Cross urges governments to protect people on the move as freezing weather is set to sweep Europe this weekend, 20 Nov 2015
- Joint UNHCR, IOM, and UNICEF statement on new border restrictions in the Balkans, 20 Nov 2015
- ACAPS: European Asylum-Seeker Crisis: Scenarios - Possible developments in transit countries over the next 6−9 months
Appeals & Funding
- UNHCR Emergency Appeal 2015: Winterization Plan for the Refugee Crisis in Europe (Nov 2015 – Feb 2016)
- UNHCR Special Mediterranean Initiative Jun–Dec 2015, Supplementary Appeal
- IFRC Response Plan: A Movement coordinated approach focusing on the Mediterranean and neighbouring regions
IFRC Population Movement Emergency Appeals/Emergency Plan of Action Regional (Nov 2015); Croatia (Oct 2015); Greece (Sep 2015); Hungary (Sep 2015); Italy (Nov 2015); FYR of Macedonia (Sep 2015); Serbia (Sep 2015); Slovenia (Oct 2015)
Millions of vulnerable households globally could face increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9 to 12 months. Typically, this climatic condition develops during April-June and reaches maximum strength during December-February; this event could be the most powerful on record (Earth Institute 2015).
• Heavy rains continued affecting northern Pakistan, causing more floods. As of 10 August (NDMA), there were: 182 dead, 124 injured, more than 12 000 damaged houses and over 1.3 million people affected.
• Over the next 48 h, isolated thunderstorms may still affect some areas of northern, eastern and south-eastern Pakistan.
Sources: NDMA, PMD (1,2), Alhasan Sustem, UN OCHA
• Severe weather has caused extensive damage in southern Asian countries over the past couple of weeks.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
The Asia-Pacific region contains a diverse array of cultures, environments, and societies. One of the fastest growing economic regions in the world, it is also the most disaster-prone. While natural disasters affect the region frequently, as this region continues along its path of development, regional partnerships will be essential in developing the capacities of countries to reduce risk and vulnerability and to respond to disasters.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Pour répondre aux situations les plus graves, là où la vie des populations est en jeu, le ministère des Affaires étrangères mobilise l’Aide alimentaire programmée (AAP), complémentaire de l’aide d’urgence mise en œuvre par le centre de crise (CDC). La mise en œuvre de l’AAP s’inscrit dans le cadre des conclusions du Conseil de l’Union européenne (UE) du 10 mai 2010 sur l’assistance alimentaire humanitaire.
Découvrez dans cette infographie la répartition géographique et thématique, ainsi que tous les programmes d’aides de la France, pays par pays.