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06 May 2016 description

Between 1 January and 31 December 2015, an estimated 1,008,616 fled to Europe by sea. 84% of them came from refugee-producing countries, with 49% from Syria, 21% from Afghanistan and 9% from Iraq. 17% were women and 25% were children under the age of 18.

06 May 2016 description

Contents

237 Policy statement on data sharing by WHO in the context of public health emergencies (as of 13 April 2016)

240 Global measles and rubella laboratory network support for elimination goals, 2010–2015

247 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January– March 2016

Sommaire

237 Déclaration de principe sur la communication de données par l’OMS lors des urgences de santé publique (13 avril 2016)

06 May 2016 description
report UN Children's Fund

GENEVA, 6 May 2016 –– UNICEF today called for urgent measures to protect unaccompanied refugee and migrant children in Europe – who are at serious risk of abuse, trafficking and exploitation and whose number reached a record of more than 95,000 last year.

06 May 2016 description

Greece - IOM reports an estimated 184,887 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2016, arriving in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain, through 5 May.

Latest fatalities stand at 1,357. By comparison, deaths in 2015 through the end of April on all Mediterranean routes totalled 1,733, which was 27 percent greater than the 2016 total thus far.

06 May 2016 description

A similar number of aid workers were detained, arrested or imprisoned by Non-State Actors (NSA) as by State Authorities (SA) between March 2015 and February 2016, according to open sources (26 and 25 respectively).

06 May 2016 description

International Law Commission
Sixty-eighth session
Geneva, 2 May-10 June and 4 July-12 August 2016

Introduction

A. Work to date on this topic

  1. At its sixty-sixth session in July 2014, the International Law Commission placed the topic “Crimes against humanity” on its current programme of work and appointed a Special Rapporteur.1 At its sixty-seventh session in May 2015, the Commission held a general debate concerning the Special Rapporteur’s first report and in July 2015 provisionally adopted four draft articles with commentary.
06 May 2016 description

Increased rainfall providing some relief to early season dryness in Guatemala and the Greater Horn

  1. Poorly-distributed rainfall since October 2015 has resulted in large moisture deficits, leading to wilted crops, livestock deaths, and reduced water availability over many areas of Southern Africa. With the season coming to an end, recovery is unlikely.

06 May 2016 description

Introduction

In conflict-affected and high-risk areas, companies involved in mining and trade in minerals have the potential to generate income, growth and prosperity, sustain livelihoods and foster local development. In such situations, companies may also be at risk of contributing to or being associated with significant adverse impacts, including serious human rights abuses and conflict.

06 May 2016 description

This is Security Council Report’s first research report on peace operations. To view the full report, please download the PDF.

06 May 2016 description
report Guardian

Louise Hunt in Ferrara and Banjul

In the Gambia, Europe holds the promise of jobs and hope. But for many of those who reach Italy’s shores, the reality is very different

Bubacarr* sits on a bench beside a playground in Ferrara, northern Italy. The 24-year-old looks shattered. A proud young man, he is embarrassed by the donated clothes he is wearing, tugging at his loose, faded trousers to make a point.

06 May 2016 description
report Transitions Online

New EU proposal for asylum reform includes fines for those who do not comply and elicits predictable response from region’s politicians.

5 May 2016

Central European leaders have loudly voiced their dissatisfaction with the EU’s latest draft asylum rules, which were officially proposed on 4 May. The new guidelines, passed by the European Commission, seek to spread the burden now faced by those on the EU’s outlying borders, such as Greece and Italy, The Wall Street Journal reports.

06 May 2016 description
report Pulitzer Center

ROBIN SHULMAN

TORONTO — Amir Al Jabouli leads the way, holding his Samsung phone out into the snowfall with his bare right hand. The instructions the speakerphone emits are barely audible in the whir of the wind. But Amir is focused.

Read the full article

06 May 2016 description
report United Nations

NEW YORK, 22 APRIL 2016 — The United Nations internal mechanism for coordinating action on small arms (CASA) today launched new guidance to assist States in designing and implementing a National Action Plan to prevent the illicit trade, destabilizing accumulation and misuse of small arms and light weapons, which are used to kill more people every year than any other kind of weapon.

06 May 2016 description
report Voice of America

Katarina Hoije

May 05, 2016 11:57 AM

BAMAKO—

Another door may be closing for Syrians fleeing the conflict in their country, this time in Africa.Mauritania was one of the last countries allowing free entry to Syrians. But in February, it too began demanding visas as officials in North Africa and the Sahel try to stem the flow of migrants and refugees traveling across the Sahara in hopes of reaching Europe.

06 May 2016 description

The DEMAC research report outlines the basic features of formalized collective interventions by Sierra Leonean, Somali and Syrian diaspora-based relief organisations and initiatives based in the UK, Denmark and Germany, respectively, by elucidating their responses to the humanitarian crises in their countries of origin/heritage and neighbouring countries.

06 May 2016 description
report Guardian

Isabella Lövin

The author is Sweden’s minister of international development cooperation

In Sweden, where the government regards reproductive health as central to gender equality, International Day of the Midwife is seen as cause for celebration

In the mid-18th century, the maternal mortality rate in Sweden approached 900 deaths for every 100,000 births. A hundred years later, the introduction of professional midwives had contributed to the rate being pushed down to 230. Today, four women die per 100,000 live births.

06 May 2016 description
report Guardian

Lisa O'Carroll

Recognising difference in immune response between survivors and fatalities raises hope that current anti-cancer drug could be used to treat Ebola patients

Scientists have identified a key feature in the human immune system that determines whether someone will live or die from Ebola. The breakthrough research brings hope that existing anti-cancer treatments could be used to treat the virus, which killed almost 12,000 in the recent epidemic in West Africa.

06 May 2016 description

Zika virus – Incidence and trends

To date, 38 countries and territories have confirmed local, vector-borne transmission of Zika virus in the Region of the Americas since 2015. Since the last Pan American Health Organization/ World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Zika Epidemiological Update on 28 April, Grenada, Peru, and Saint Barthélemy have confirmed vector-borne autochthonous transmission of Zika virus.

06 May 2016 description

ACFID Budget Analysis 2016-17: Cuts Disappointing, Transparency Welcome

While the Federal Budget’s fourth successive cut to Australian aid is disappointing, in its aid Budget Analysis 2016-17 published today the Australian Council for International Development (ACFID) has welcomed the Government increasing the program’s overall transparency.