The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 October 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, Salmonella and extremely drug-resistant TB.
Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week: o None
Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week: o Grenada
Countries and territories reporting Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) cases associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week: o None
Spanning a period of twenty-one years, the Vietnamese “boat people” exodus was the last major refugee crisis of the Cold War. The international response agreed on in Geneva in 1979 was in line with Western Cold War values, but by 1988 it had begun to unravel. The new international response took the form of the Comprehensive Plan of Action for Indochinese Refugees (CPA), which was in place from 1989 to 1996.
Tropical Cyclone SARIKA made landfall close to Fangchenggang city (Guangxi province, China) on 19 morning UTC, as a Tropical Storm. It then continued moving north north-east over Guangxi, dissipating.
According to National Authorities, as of 20 October early morning (UTC), in China over 47 000 people have been evacuated and over 2 500 houses have been partially or fully damaged in Hainan.
Over the next 24 h, heavy rain could still affect the southern provinces of China (Hainan, Guangdong, Yunann, Guizhou and Guangxi) and northern Vietnam.
Tropical Cyclone SARIKA, after crossing Hainan province (China), is reaching north-eastern Vietnam, as a Tropical Storm. On 19 October at 0.00 (UTC) it center was located 35 km off the coast of Van Don district (Quang Ninh province, Vietnam) and had max. sustained winds of 65 km/h (Tropical Storm).
Emblematic megacities address the threats of climate change to their water-related needs
Singapore, 19 October - Singapore Red Cross (SRC) has committed S$100,000 for Philippines and S$50,000 for Vietnam, in emergency response for Typhoons Ferdie (Meranti), Karen (Sarika) and Haima (Lawin). Singapore Red Cross will support disaster response services of the Philippines Red Cross (PRC) and the Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC), including the provision of blankets, shelter materials, hot meals, family and food packs, biscuits, as well as psychosocial support services to the communities affected by the series of typhoons.
Local authorities have been placed on full alert for typhoon Sarika, which is predicted to make landfall in areas from Quảng Ninh to Hải Phòng at around 4pm today.
The storm was located 330km southeast of Quảng Ninh-Hải Phòng provinces at 4pm yesterday, with wind speed at the eye of the storm reaching 135km per hour, according to the National Hdyrometeorological Forecast Centre.
The storm keeps moving north and north-west and is expected to weaken into a low tropical pressure in the next 36 hours.
19 October 2016, Philippines/Viet Nam - The Philippine Red Cross is mounting preparedness efforts as Typhoon Haima gains strength, and could possibly develop into a super typhoon later this week before making landfall over the Cagayan area. The typhoon is expected to hit the area early Thursday (20 October) morning. Haima, which developed right after Typhoon Sarika exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), could have significant humanitarian impact if it continues on its projected course across northern and central Luzon – the same areas struck by Typhoon Koppu last year.
By Ly Nguyen, IFRC
Severe flooding triggered by heavy rainfall in the central provinces of Vietnam has forced thousands of families to evacuate to safer grounds and left many other residents stranded without food or safe drinking water in their homes.
HÀ NỘI – All administrations and agencies have been placed on alert for Storm Sarika even as several central provinces reel under the impact of severe flooding damage.
Heavy rains and flooding in the central region, including the provinces of Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh, Quảng Bình, Quảng Trị and Thừa Thiên-Huế, have claimed 15 lives and injured 18 others. Nine others have been reported missing, according to the latest report from the National Steering Committee for Storm and Flood Prevention and Control.
Heavy rainfall by the remnants of Tropical Cyclone AERE that affected the country on 13-14 October as well as by the NW Monsoon has caused extended flooding in central Vietnam. As of 16 October local media reported 24 people killed and nine missing, with 18 of the fatalities in Quang Binh. International media report 70 000 houses damaged by floods in Quang Binh and another 25 000 in Ha Tinh, as well as extended damage to crops.
SARIKA (KAREN) made landfall in the Aurora province, in eastern Luzon in the Philippines at around 18.00 UTC on 15 October, as a strong Typhoon with max. sust. winds of the order of 200 km/h. It crossed swiftly the island of Luzon from east to west, passing through the provinces of Aurora, Nueva Vizcava, Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan, losing some strength but remaining a Typhoon. It emerged over the South China Sea a few hours after landfall and moved W-NW in the general direction of Hainan province of China.
VGP – Deputy PM Trinh Dinh Dung chaired an urgent video-teleconference to prepare for Sarika, the seventh tropical storm to hit Viet Nam this year.
Earlier, the Deputy PM inspected flood emergency relief in four central provinces.
Bracing for the most powerful storm
Hoang Duc Cuong, Director of the National Centre for Hydro-meteorological Forecasting was quoted as saying that typhoon Sarika may be one of the strongest typhoons to hit Viet Nam in recent years.
AERE made landfall in central Viet Nam near the city of Hue (Thừa Thiên-Huế Province) late on 13 October as a Tropical Depression, affecting the area with heavy rainfall (224 mm of rain in 24h on 13 October). As of 14 October early in the morning (UTC) local media reported floods in Hue city and damage in Thừa Thiên-Huế Province with one person missing. The combination of AERE and the NE Monsoon are expected to bring heavy rainfall also in the neighbouring provinces of central Viet Nam, from Thankh Hoa to Quang Nai in the next 24-48 hours.
Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Ravina Shamdasani
Date: 14 October 2016
Subject: (1) Viet Nam, (2) CAR and (3) Burundi
(1) Viet Nam
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein on Friday expressed concern about a growing crackdown by the Viet Nam Government on human rights defenders, including the arrest this week of popular blogger and Government critic Ms. Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, known online as Mother Mushroom.
1) BERMUDA - TC NICOLE
TC NICOLE continued moving north-east over the north-western Atlantic Ocean, strengthening. On 13 October at 9.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 165 km south-west of Bermuda island and had max. sustained wind speed of 213 km/h ( Category 4 Hurricane).