Natural hazards, such as earthquakes, droughts, floods, wildfires, and extreme winter weather, affect a range of countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). In addition, rapid urban growth and environmental degradation in some countries have led to overcrowding and settlement in hazard-prone areas. Protracted conflict and limited government disaster management capacity in many EMCA countries compound the risks associated with natural disasters.
The April and May 2015 earthquakes in Nepal destroyed or significantly damaged over 750,000 homes, making housing the single largest reconstruction need and the Government of Nepal’s (GON) highest priority. USAID/Nepal is funding a number of complementary initiatives to help meet this need and support the GON’s owner-driven housing reconstruction efforts.
Training and Technical Assistance
GEOLOGICAL HAZARDS SUBSECTOR OVERVIEW
USAID’s commitment to Nepal has stood the test of time. In the aftermath of the devastating April 25 earthquakes that shook Nepal, our commitment remains stronger than ever.On June 25, 2015, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry announced $130 million to support Nepal’s earthquake relief and recovery needs. This contribution builds upon USAID’s investments on disaster preparedness, and is only the beginning of our contribution to Nepal’s earthquake recovery, which will span multiple years. Current efforts on earthquake recovery include:
Post-earthquake recovery activities continue
WFP utilizes trekking infrastructure to deliver aid
Number of earthquake-affected people requiring immediate food assistance declines
Government delays impede release of reconstruction funds
Our oceans, atmosphere and land are intricately connected. When the balance of one changes, it affects the others.
ACTED arrived in Sankhu Town within 4 days after the April 25th, 7.8 magnitude earthquake rocked Nepal. ACTED immediately distributed emergency tarpaulins to the benefit of 10,000 families, with support from USAID.
Now, 4 months post-earthquake, ACTED and USAID are partnering to support affected populations, like the inhabitants of Sankhu, located in the northwestern corner of Kathmandu Valley, through the delivery of work programmes which are designed to improve medium-term food security through livelihood input and cash support.
Monsoon season floods and landslides hinder aid delivery and exacerbate living conditions for displaced people
Approximately 80,000 people evacuate from areas at risk of landslides since July
USAID/OFDA partners continue to assist earthquake-affected populations
USAID food helps quake victims get through the monsoon season.
CHAUTARA, NEPAL – Against the backdrop of misty mountains and the rubble that used to be a bustling town perched on the side of a hill, an orderly queue is forming. Men on one side, women on the other.
Washington, Etats-Unis | AFP | mercredi 26/08/2015 - 22:53 GMT
Les Etats-Unis ont décidé de prolonger une nouvelle fois de 18 mois l'asile temporaire qui avait été accordé aux Haïtiens résidant illégalement dans le pays après le séisme de 2010 qui a ravagé leur pays, ont annoncé mercredi les autorités américaines.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre recently released their annual Global Estimates of People Displaced by Disasters, which reports that almost 20 million people were newly displaced by sudden-onset disasters in 100 countries in 2014. Since 2008, an average of 26.4 million people have been displaced by disasters every year—equivalent to one person every second.
The Government of Nepal (GoN) authorizes relocation of some earthquake-affected populations
Relief agencies continue to distribute and pre-position relief supplies
Donors pledge $4.4 billion for Nepal’s reconstruction
By John Budnik
USACE - Alaska District Public Affairs
JOINT BASE ELMENDORF-RICHARDSON – The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) recently completed two humanitarian assistance construction projects that are now providing critical support services to the population of Kathmandu, Nepal, in the wake of the deadly earthquakes that struck in April and May.
The April 25 earthquake and aftershocks have increased the risk of monsoon-related landslides
USAID/OFDA expands support to include radio broadcasts, debris removal, and mental health services
On June 25, 2015, Secretary Kerry announced a pledge that increases the total amount of U.S. emergency relief and early recovery assistance to Nepal to $130 million. Building upon our support to date to Nepal after the April 25, 2015 earthquake, this announcement is only the beginning of our contribution and we, with the support of our Congress, will continue to work with Nepal to support its long-term earthquake recovery needs across multiple years.
Examples of our efforts include:
USAID’s Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) transitions to a field office.
Relief agencies continue monsoon season preparations in earthquake-affected areas as heavy rains begin in eastern Nepal.
USAID/OFDA commits additional funding to assist earthquake-affected populations in Dolakha and Sindhupalchowk districts.
The UN issues a revised flash appeal for Nepal, requesting $422 million to assist 2.8 million people through September 2015.
USAID/OFDA commits $300,000 to Handicap International (HI) to support physical rehabilitation services for 1,500 injured persons.
What GAO Found
As of September 30, 2014, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) had allocated $1.7 billion to the Haiti reconstruction effort, directing more than half of this funding to the health and food security sectors. USAID had obligated two-thirds and disbursed more than half of all allocated funding.