I. Executive Summary
A total of 99 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported in the week to 22 February. Guinea reported 35 new confirmed cases. Cases continue to arise from unknown chains of transmission.
A total of 128 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported in the week to 15 February. Guinea reported 52 new confirmed cases – a decrease from the previous week, and the first week-to-week decline since January 25. Transmission remains widespread in Sierra Leone, with 74 new confirmed cases, and is most intense in the capital, Freetown, which reported 45 confirmed cases. Liberia reported 2 new confirmed cases in the 4 days to 12 February.
Total weekly case incidence increased for the second consecutive week, with 144 new confirmed cases reported in the week to 8 February. Guinea reported a sharp increase in incidence, with 65 new confirmed cases compared with 39 the week before. Transmission remains widespread in Sierra Leone, which reported 76 new confirmed cases, while the resurgence in cases in the western district of Port Loko continued for a second week. Liberia continues to report a low number of new confirmed cases.
Weekly case incidence increased in all three countries for the first time this year. There were 124 new confirmed cases reported in the week to 1 February: 39 in Guinea, 5 in Liberia, and 80 in Sierra Leone.
Continued community resistance, increasing geographical spread in Guinea and widespread transmission in Sierra Leone, and a rise in incidence show that the EVD response still faces significant challenges.
World Report 2015: Rights Aren’t Wrong in Tough Times
Human Rights a Path Out of Crisis and Chaos
(Beirut, January 29, 2015) – Governments make a big mistake when they ignore human rights to counter serious security challenges, Human Rights Watch said today in releasing its annual world report.
The response to the EVD epidemic has now moved to a second phase, as the focus shifts from slowing transmission to ending the epidemic. To achieve this goal as quickly as possible, efforts have moved from rapidly building infrastructure to ensuring that capacity for case finding, case management, safe burials, and community engagement is used as effectively as possible.
Case incidence continues to fall in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, with a halving time of 1.4 weeks in Guinea, 2.0 weeks Liberia, and 2.7 weeks in Sierra Leone. A combined total of 145 confirmed cases were reported from the 3 countries in the week to 18 January: 20 in Guinea, 8 in Liberia, and 117 in Sierra Leone.
Mali has been declared free of Ebola virus disease (EVD) after completing 42 days since the last case tested negative for EVD.
New EVD cases continue to decrease in Liberia, and the number of confirmed cases has declined by 43 percent between December 22 and January 5 in Sierra Leone, according to WHO. Relief agencies continue to implement life-saving activities and underscore the importance of preventative measures.
Since early January, USAID/OFDA partners have opened one EVD treatment unit (ETU) and four community care centers (CCCs) in Sierra Leone.
Guinea reported its lowest weekly total of new confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases since the week ending 17 August 2014. Case numbers remain low in Liberia, with no confirmed cases nationally for the final 2 days of the week ending 11 January, and the lowest weekly total of confirmed cases since the first week of June 2014. Sierra Leone has now reported a decline in case incidence for the second week running, and recorded its lowest weekly total of new confirmed cases since the week ending 31 August 2014.
Office of the Spokesperson
January 8, 2015
The U.S. Government has contributed $1 million to the International Atomic Energy Agency for a new project that will improve and streamline efforts to diagnose the Ebola virus in Africa. Of the total U.S. contribution, $650,000 is provided through the IAEA’s Peaceful Uses Initiative and $350,000 through other extra-budgetary contributions to the IAEA.
Late-December caseload figures for Sierra Leone double the combined total of Liberia and Guinea during the same period; however, overall case transmission in Sierra Leone appears to slightly decline
USG partners open three EVD treatment units (ETUs) in Liberia
The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports that prolonged market and trade disruptions have resulted in below-average incomes and purchasing power for poor households in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
Il y a eu 17 145 cas notifiés de maladie à virus Ebola, dont 6070 décès.
L’incidence des cas augmente légèrement en Guinée, elle est stable ou diminue au Libéria, et pourrait continuer à augmenter en Sierra Leone.
La flambée en Espagne a été déclarée terminée.
In an effort to mitigate EVD transmission, the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) initiated a temporary lockdown in Sierra Leone’s Northern Province on December 25.
A USAID/OFDA partner opened a new EVD treatment unit (ETU) in Liberia’s Sinje town, Grand Cape Mount County, on December 29.
Regional EVD specimen testing capacity has increased with the opening of a USG-supported laboratory in Liberia and Belgian-run laboratory in Guinea, according to the U.N. Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER).
· There have been 20 206 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7905 reported deaths.
· Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia, although Liberia reported more cases in the week ending 28 December than in the previous week.
· There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. However, the west of the country is still experiencing the most intense transmission of all affected countries.
· The United Kingdom has reported its first confirmed case of Ebola.
The mid-to-late December Western Area surge in Sierra Leone continues to proactively identify cases to reduce EVD transmission
U.N. Secretary-General (SYG) Ban Kimoon visits EVD-affected countries
USAID/OFDA transports personal protective equipment (PPE) infection prevention and control (IPC) supplies to Liberia, infrared thermometers to Guinea
As of December 24, the Government of Mali (GOM) continues to report no new EVD cases in Mali
On December 11, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Spain discharged the last confirmed EVD patient in Mali.
More than 1 million people in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone may experience severe food insecurity due to the EVD outbreak by March 2015—a 100 percent increase compared to December 2014.
There have been 18 603 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 6915 reported deaths.
Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.
There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. A major operation has been implemented to curb the spread of disease in the west of the country.
No new cases have been reported in Mali since 24 November. All contacts of the outbreak in Bamako have completed the 21-day follow-up period.
On December 4, the Government of Guinea-Bissau announced that it would reopen border crossings with Guinea during the week of December 8. Guinea-Bissau had closed the border in August 2014 to prevent cross-border transmission of EVD.
In response to recent increases in EVD cases in Sierra Leone, relief actors are implementing a surge in EVD-related activities to strengthen overall response capacity, particularly in Western Area encompassing the capital city of Freetown.
· There have been 17 942 reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), with 6388 reported deaths.
· Case incidence is slightly increasing in Guinea, decreasing in Liberia, and may be increasing or stable in Sierra Leone.
· Sierra Leone now has the highest total number of reported cases of the three intense-transmission countries, with 7897 cases reported to date.