- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook Update December 2014
- Operational Plan 2011-2016 DFID Uganda Updated December 2014
- UNHCR Operational Update for the South Sudan Emergency (11-17 Nov 2014)
Appeals & Funding
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
By Breda Gahan
HIV and AIDS theory and practice in developing countries is sometimes dominated by the power of Western ideas, worldviews, actors, tools, models, and frameworks. Consequently, the resulting interventions may too rarely be locally rooted, locally driven, or resonant with local context.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Solomon Woldetsadik, Dick Chamla and Oladapo Walker
Conflict and Health 2015, 9:1 doi:10.1186/1752-1505-9-1
Published: 7 January 2015
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
By CHRISTABEL LIGAMI
EBOLA: Kenya sent a team of 15 doctors, Uganda 14, Rwanda 7 and Tanzania 5. In terms of health workers, Kenya will deploy nearly 300, Burundi 250, Uganda 21 and Rwanda 7.
TB: In East Africa, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania face the highest disease burden. In 2013, Kenya recorded the highest number of new cases at 89,796, followed by Tanzania with 65,732 and third Uganda with 47,650.
December 4 - Ministry of Health in collaboration with Organization of African First Ladies Association Uganda (OAFLA) have launched regional campaigns on Elimination to Mother to Child Transmission (EMTCT) in Busoga region. The eMTCT campaigns were born out of the evidence of the significant burden of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Uganda especially affecting women and their babies. The objectives of the campaign are:
Regional Strategic Overview
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Highlights from this issue:
What can we learn from the missteps of providing corticosteroids for preterm delivery?
How should health systems in West Africa be strengthened in the wake of the Ebola outbreak?
How can behavior change activities increase contraceptive use in urban areas?
What role can drug shops play in family planning?
How do health care workers find the courage to care for Ebola patients?
By Miriam Gathigah
NAIROBI, Dec 12 2014 (IPS) - Mention gender inequality in AIDS and the fact that more women than men live with HIV pops up. But another, rarely spoken about gendered difference is proving lethal to men with HIV.
Research reveals that, across Africa, men have lower rates of HIV testing, enrollment on antiretroviral treatment, adherence, viral load suppression and survival, than women.
In Zambia, 63 % of adults starting ART are women.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Plus de 2 000 cas de violences basées sur le genre rapportés depuis janvier dans la province.
Plus de 12 000 personnes déplacées du Nord-Kivu ont trouvé refuge dans la zone de Tchabi.
Lutte contre le VIH/sida : la zone d’Aru constamment en rupture de stocks des ARV.
President Yoweri Museveni has said government will fund AIDS treatment for its people with or without foreign aid even if it means diverting money meant for the roads to the cause.
“We shall fund our AIDS treatment with or without foreign aid. This should not waste our time and become a song like circumcision. Even if this means that we shall not fund some of our roads to do this,” he said. He was responding to claims that there was a funding gap for AIDS treatment.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
Environ 256 personnes vivant avec le VIH (PVV) dans le territoire d’Aru, en Ituri (Province Orientale), sont soignées aux médicaments antirétroviraux dans le district ougandais d’Arua. L’Institut panafricain de santé communautaire (IPSC) a livré cette information, à Bunia, chef-lieu de l’Ituri, à l’occasion de la journée mondiale contre le Sida, célébrée le 1er décembre de chaque année.
Selon cette structure, ces Congolais sont obligés de franchir la frontière pour accéder aux antirétroviraux dans ce district voisin d’Arua en Ouganda.
When looking after people in health-care settings, health-care workers can be exposed to a broad range of infections, including HIV. Accidental exposure to HIV in health-care settings can largely be prevented by countries creating an enabling environment and providing the services that allow health-care workers to protect themselves and others from the risk of HIV infection. However, the use of criminal law can lead to miscarriages of justice.
Closing the Gap: Amref Health Africa calls for joint action to reduce maternal deaths related to HIV/AIDS
As the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals approaches, countries are focusing their efforts on meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). MDG 6 calls for global efforts to halt and begin to reverse the HIV/AIDS.
More than 30 years after HIV/ AIDS was first detected in Uganda, risky sexual behaviours are still rampant, threatening to increase HIV infections again. As the world marks the World AIDS Day on Monday – December 1 – New Vision highlights some of the trouble spots, with particular emphasis on the trade routes used by long-distance truck drivers. Bonney Odongo and Frederick Turyakira explore the northern and western routes.
In Gulu Industrial Area, Lacor trading centre and Atiak at the Uganda-South Sudan border are the hotspots for commercial sex trade.