- GIEWS Country Brief, 11 Nov 2014
- IFRC Population Movement Emergency 6 months Update Appeal n° MDRUG037
- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook Update September 2014
Appeals & Funding
Since the Ebola outbreak in West Africa was officially declared on 22 March in Guinea, it has claimed 5,420 lives in the region. The outbreak is the largest ever, and is currently affecting four countries in West Africa: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Mali. One person in Spain and three people in the USA have recovered; one person in the USA has died. Outbreaks in Nigeria and Senegal have been declared over. A separate outbreak in DRC has also ended.
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
On 9 November, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) facilitated the recommitment to the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23 January.
Escalating inter-communal tensions between the youth in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, Upper Nile State, continued to disrupt humanitarian operations.
Robert T. Perry, MD1, Marta Gacic-Dobo, MSc1, Alya Dabbagh, PhD1, Mick N. Mulders, PhD1, Peter M. Strebel, MBChB1, Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, MD1, Paul A. Rota, PhD2, James L. Goodson, MPH3 (Author affiliations at end of text)
Disease outbreak news
13 November 2014
On 11 November 2014, the Government of Uganda declared that Uganda was free of the Marburg virus. This declaration was made at the National Media Centre by the Minister of State for Primary Health Care, Hon. Sarah Achieng Opendi.
Snapshot 5–11 November
Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.
Hon. Sarah Achieng Opendi Minister of State for Health – Primary Health Care
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
P. O. BOX 7272,
KAMPALA - UGANDA
SOUTH SUDAN: The security situation remains tense, especially in the northern states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile. Some civilians living in the Bentiu and Rubkona areas moved into the UNMISS PoC site on 27 October, following heavy fighting between 27 and 29 October.
Sporadic fighting was reported in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states. Aid workers have restricted movement due to the insecurity.
Humanitarian operations in Malakal, Upper Nile, were disrupted, following a dispute between youth in PoC 1 and 2, and those in the new PoC site.
About 35,000 people were displaced by heavy fighting in Khorfulus area, Jonglei State, and are sheltering in Ayod and New Fangak areas. Aid agencies are assessing the impact and required response.
About 4.9 million people are in need humanitarian assistance in South Sudan, among them 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). An estimated 140,000 pregnancies have been projected each year. To date, UNFPA South Sudan has reached 2.8 million people with reproductive health services, 700,000 of them women of reproductive age.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January - September 2014 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States.
Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region
Since the outbreak of civil war in December 2013 , around 1.9 million people have fled their homes, including 469 000 who have sought refuge in neighboring countries. At the same time, South Sudan hosts around a quarter of a million refugees, mainly from Sudan.
Principal humanitarian needs include food, clean water, health care, sanitation, shelter and protection.
Central African Republic: In Ouaka prefecture, fighting among rival militias persists. Attacks on a number locations, including Bambari, have left dozens of people dead, and civilians have been executed. 3,000 people remain displaced from Bangui after violence began in the middle of the month.
27 octobre 2014 – Lors d'une visite lundi dans la Corne de l'Afrique, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Ban Ki-moon, le Président de la Banque mondiale, Jim Yong Kim, et des représentants de plusieurs organisations internationales et régionales de développement ont annoncé lundi une aide financière de 8 milliards de dollars au cours des prochaines années pour la région.
South Sudan: IOM is developing a curriculum on implementation of mental health and psychosocial services.
Ethiopia: IOM has evacuated a total of 542 refugees in Gambella Region during this reporting period.
Kenya: Since mid December 2013, IOM and UNHCR have provided transportation assistance to 32,576 refugees.