- UNHCR Operational Update for the South Sudan Emergency (11th - 17th November 2014)
- Govt/WFP/UNHCR: Joint Assessment Mission, October 2014
- GIEWS Country Brief, 11 Nov 2014
Appeals & Funding
Regional Strategic Overview
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.
· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015
Conflict continues to drive food insecurity in many areas of the region
About 12.4 million people in East Africa are in need of humanitarian assistance. As of November, the majority were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in northeastern Djibouti, eastern and northeastern Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, southern and central Somalia, western and southern Sudan, and the Greater Upper Nile States in South Sudan. Significant populations remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in these countries and in Burundi, Rwanda, and northeastern Uganda.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Almost a full year of conflict (15 December 2013) has devastated the lives of the majority of South Sudan’s people, killed tens of thousands and ravaged key parts of the country. 2014 has been a year of violence, abuse and displacement which has forced almost two million people from their homes. The conflict has been brutal: killings, rape, destruction and the loss of livelihoods have left open wounds which will take much time to heal.
The Devastation of War
On the night of December 15, 2013, shots rang out in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. What started as a political rivalry between President Salva Kiir and his former vice President Riek Machar had reached its boiling point. Forces loyal to Machar broke away from the military and fighting quickly spread throughout Juba and then into other areas of South Sudan.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.
A total of 131,392 South Sudanese refugees have been assisted in Uganda since the influx began in mid-December 2013, including 82,981 in Adjumani, 12,054 in Arua, 29,802 in Kiryandongo and 6,5551 in Kampala.
An increase in the number of new arrivals from South Sudan to Uganda was has been observed since November 27th . This increase has been attributed to the 1 year anniversary of fighting and continued clashes in South Sudan.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
In West Africa, staple food markets were well supplied in October with carryover stocks and early grain, tuber, and legume harvests. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in deficit areas of Niger, Chad, and Mauritania and conflict-affected areas of northeastern Nigeria. The Ebola outbreak has led to both official and voluntary restrictions on the movement of goods and people in affected countries, resulting in atypical market trends in some areas.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Cooking banana (matoke), dry cassava chips, sorghum, millet, beans, and white maize are important food commodities for Ugandans. The staple food varies by region. Matoke is most important in the central, western, and southwestern regions; millet in the east; and sorghum in the east, north and northeast. Cassava chips, beans, and white maize are also very important for a significant part of population; cassava chips are especially important in eastern (Soroti), northern, and northwestern (Arua) Uganda. In Mbarara and Kampala, matoke is most important commodity for all households.
Karamoja is Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or worse
Stressed (IPC Phase 2) persists with the ongoing below average harvest in Karamoja. Households will likely conserve food stocks from their own production until February. Low priced staples on the market and better wage/firewood/charcoal to sorghum Terms of Trade have improved food access for poor households despite their limited purchasing power.
SOUTH SUDAN: on 26 November, South Sudan launched a 16-day campaign against gender-based violence. The event, which also marked the launch of 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, was held under the theme, “Stop sexual and gender based violence and promote peace and co-existence in the state. Let us challenge militarism”. Attended by officials from the government, UNMISS and UN agencies, the launch came amidst reports of serious gender-based violence in the state, which has resulted in some men and women losing their lives.
WFP urgently requires US$120 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan.
The resource situation remains critical in all four countries. WFP is already implementing ration cuts in Kenya. In other countries, WFP may need to implement ration cuts in early 2015 if additional resources are not received soon.