Staple Food Markets in East Africa: White maize is the main staple grain consumed in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. In Uganda, white maize is grown mainly as a commercial crop for export in the region. Imported rice is a major staple for Djibouti and Somalia, which mainly consume belem—the imported red rice. Tanzania is also a major producer and source of rice in the region while Kenya and Uganda are minor producers. Both red and white sorghum are produced and consumed in the region.
On the first of April, I walked with great sadness through the United Nations compound in Juba, capital of South Sudan, the world’s newest nation, now in free fall after a hopeful beginning three years ago. The compound is sheltering more than 21,000 displaced people who fled to safety after a spasm of violence in mid-December killed untold thousands.
The largest allocations were provided to address critical needs in CAR and South Sudan. The donor community has contributed $220.7 million to CERF so far for 2014, one of the largest amounts since its launch in 2006.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
The humanitarian crisis stemming from widespread fighting in South Sudan is rapidly becoming a regional issue but is failing to get the attention it deserves, ACT members working in neighbouring Ethiopia say.
All 11 members in Ethiopia say the growing emergency needs greater awareness in the international community and more funding for relief aid.
SOUTH SUDAN: The crisis has led to a severe deterioration in the food security situation and around 3.7 million people are now at high risk of food insecurity.
UNHCR and partners are very concerned about the food and nutrition situation, especially for the over 126,000 Sudanese refugees living in Maban, Upper Nile State.
North Kivu : 251 Congolese refugees returning from Kyangwandi camp in Uganda died in a boat accident on 22 March on Lake Edward. According to authorities in Goma there were 89 children among the dead. The refugees were returning to Beni Territory where fighting between FARDC and ADF-Nalu had forced them to flee in 2013.
South Kivu: Around 1,000 households from Ndese and Byangama in Shabunda Territory displaced in the bush following clashes between two fac-tions of Raia Mutomboki armed group.
Since mid-December, more than 280,000 South Sudanese have crossed the border into Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan. The influx is expected to continue as the situation in South Sudan remains precarious.
A joint high level WFP and UNHCR delegation led by WFP Executive Director, Ertharin Cousin, and UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, visited South Sudan and Ethiopia. The two organizations will continue to collaborate to meet the needs of vulnerable South Sudanese refugees crossing the border.
KAMPALA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has leased its 5,000 metric ton capacity warehouse in Gulu town to a private company Afgri-Gulu Ltd, for a groundbreaking venture that will conduct normal grain trade and at the same time operate the warehouse receipt system. The development will empower more than 9,000 smallholder farmer groups.
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Sun, 6 Apr 2014 10:00 PM
Author: Pius Sawa
NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa, who farm some of the least fertile land on the continent, have developed a training manual to encourage more sustainable farming practices among millions of African Muslims facing a threat to their food security from climate change.
• Following improved security conditions, pastoralists have returned to the pre-protected kraal system seasonal grazing patterns, being free to carry-out traditional management practices inherent to the right to roam, with consequent better access to pasture and water.
• Despite a two-dekad dry spell in May-June, rainfall performance has been generally good along the season, with positive effects on grazing resources availability as confirmed by satellite-based data showing above long-term average vegetation growth across the region.
In West Africa, regional 2013/14 grain harvests were 11 percent above average. Markets were well-supplied in February. Production shortfalls in eastern Niger and northern Chad resulted in atypical price increases. Institutional purchases were ongoing in Niger and Mali at normal levels in February. Rice imports from international markets contributed to food availability in coastal countries (Pages 3-5).
JUBA, 31 March 2014 – Alarmed at the impact of ongoing violence in South Sudan, the heads of the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Refugee agency (UNHCR) arrived here today on a joint trip to meet conflict-affected people and to review the on-going response and needs amid a spiralling humanitarian crisis.