- Review of the Regional Framework for the Protection of South Sudanese Refugee Children in Uganda
- UNICEF Situation Report on Refugees from Burundi, 12 Aug 2015
- The Situation Analysis of Children in Uganda Report
Appeals & Funding
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
On 20 August, Pierre Nkurunziza was sworn in for a third term as Burundi’s president. During the ceremony, President Nkurunziza called on fellow Burundians who have fled the country to return home and to join in the “building of their nation”. President Nkurunziza also urged for an end to violence that has persisted since his announcement to run for a third term in April.
On 16 August, the African Union (AU) warned that the crisis in Burundi risks “spiralling into a catastrophe” for the country and the wider region, this after the killing of another senior military official. Ms. Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini-Zuma, Chairperson of the AU Commission insisted again on “the imperative of dialogue and consensus to work for a peaceful and durable solution to the crisis and to preserve the important points in the 2000 Arusha Accords”.
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Since March 2015, socio-political tensions have been rising in Burundi ahead of various election processes. The Presidential elections, postponed several times and finally held on 21 July, were considered a critical milestone for the long-term peace and stability of the country. Although this election took place without major incidents, continuing tension between the Government and the opposition has marred the political landscape and polarized the limited political space.
The Government of Uganda’s Office of the Prime Minister reports indicate a reduction of daily new arrivals of Burundian refugees to less than fifty per day. A total of 13,390 refugees have arrived in Uganda since November 2014 and the majority are settled in Nakivale camp.
Although Nakivale camp is not new, it has many service gaps especially in WASH, Education and Child Protection systems
Kambioos is the newest of the five Dadaab camps. It was established in August 2011 and officially recognized by the Kenyan government in January 2013. The camp was originally planned for a population of 100,000 and can help reduce the population pressure in other camps. Relocation of people from the overcrowded outskirts of Hagadera has started and Kambioos has been receiving urban refugee from Nairobi.
Hagadera was established in 1992 and is the largest and third oldest camp in the Dadaab operation. The camp has one of the biggest markets in the region and a dynamic economy.
Established in 1991, Ifo is the oldest of the five refugee camps in Dadaab, currently accommodating refugees from ten countries. Due to the influx of new arrivals fleeing war and famine in Somalia in 2010/11, the neighbouring Ifo 2 camp was established in 2011 to decrease population pressure in Ifo.
Ifo 2 is one of the newest refugee camps in Dadaab. It was opened in July 2011, to decongest Ifo and Dagahaley camps. Ifo 2 is divided into two sub-camps, Ifo 2 East and Ifo 2 West, and demarcated into 18 sections comprising of four to nine blocks each.
Dagahaley camp was established in March 1992. For 14 years, the camp had a population of about 30,000. Between 2006 and 2011 new arrivals settled spontaneously in the outskirts of the camp. In 2011, most of the population in the Dagahaley outskirts moved to the new Ifo 2 camp. Currently, an estimated 1,000 households are living in the outskirts and are provided with WASH services.
The current socio-political environment in Burundi remains highly volatile, exacerbated by the assassination of the former Chief of Intelligence on 2 August and the shooting the following day of leading human rights activist.
On 5August, a 17-year-old boy was shot dead, bringing the total death toll of children to nine since the start of the crisis in April
- 16,338 Identified unaccompanied minors
- 73 Households provided with cash grants in year 2014
- 1,288,101 NFIs distributed since January
- 2737 Shelters distributed since January
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
On 6 August, UNHCR and 21 partners launched the revised Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) to protect and assist up to 320,000 Burundian refugees in the neighbouring countries. Since early April, over 180,000 Burundians have fled political turmoil, violence and intimidation and have sought safety in neighbouring Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.
HIGHLIGHTS IN SOUTH SUDAN
Refugees from several camps across South Sudan expressed their concern to UNHCR about the upcoming 30 per cent reduction in WFP food rations, due to start in August. Many fear such a measure would prevent them from purchasing other essential commodities. In June and July, UNHCR and WFP jointly reached out to the communities to convey the message and are now in discussions to ensure the food needs of the most vulnerable individuals in the most food-insecure areas are met, even if the reductions take place.
REGIONAL STRATEGIC OVERVIEW
Snapshot 29 July–4 August 2015
Pakistan: Flooding has killed 118 people and affected more than 800,000 people in Pakistan. Hundreds of villages have been inundated. Most casualties were recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
Myanmar : 46 people have been killed and 156,000–216,000 people are affected by flooding. Sagaing region and Kachin and Shan states have been particularly impacted. Another 350,000 people are estimated affected in Bangladesh and India.