Internal displacement continues to be reality in Uganda, as people flee to avoid the impact of disasters such as floods and landslides, inter-communal violence, or are evicted from their land to make way for development projects.
Le 6 décembre 2012, la Convention de l’Union africaine sur la protection et l’assistance aux personnes déplacées en Afrique (PDI), connue sous le nom de Convention de Kampala, adoptée à Kampala, Ouganda le 23 octobre 2009, est entrée en vigueur.
Since the Lord’s Resistance Army first emerged in the 1980s, the group’s violence has displaced an estimated 2.5 million people within and across borders in central Africa. It originated in Uganda, where it took up arms in response to the central government’s marginalisation of the Acholi people, and by 2005, around 1.8 million people had been internally displaced by the conflict. As early as 1993, the LRA began operating what is now South Sudan before moving into north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and south-eastern Central African Republic (CAR).
Depuis que l’Armée de résistance du Seigneur (Lord’s Resistance Army – LRA) a émergé dans les années 1980, on estime que ce mouvement a causé le déplacement d’environ 2,5 millions de personnes à l’intérieur-même des pays d’Afrique centrale, et à travers leurs frontières.
The figures above reflect people internally displaced due to conflict based on IDMC monitoring in 2011, but does not include those internally displaced by other causes including natural disasters or development projects. The Kampala Convention comprehensively includes all causes of displacement.
Geneva, November 2012: As Goma falls to rebel group M23, and tens of thousands are forced to flee their homes, the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) highlight critical concerns regarding internally displaced girls and boys who face an increased risk of rape, abuse and recruitment.
Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda. The overwhelming majority of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or resettled in new locations. Driven by their cultural ties to the land and the region, most have opted for return.
People internally displaced by conflict and violence
For the last 14 years, the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre has monitored intern- al displacement resulting from conflict and violence across the world. In 2011, the number of people internally displaced by these causes stood at 26.4 million.
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IDP News Alert is a bi-weekly summary of selected global news on internally displaced persons, compiled by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council. The IDP News Alert is also available online.
In this News Alert...
Sudan / Abyei: Fighting in Abyei leaves over 100,000 displaced