The IPC is a set of protocols (tools and procedures) to classify the severity of food insecurity and provide actionable knowledge for decision support. The IPC consolidates wide-ranging evidence on food-insecure people to provide core answers to the following questions: How severe is the situation? Where are areas that are food insecure? How many people are food insecure? Who are the food-insecure people in terms of socioeconomic characteristics? Why are the people food insecure?
The Survive & Thrive Global Development Alliance (GDA) is a public-private partnership established by the US Agency for International Development with pediatric, obstetric, and midwifery professional associations, the private sector and civil society to improve the quality of facility-based maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services in focus countries.
In November, only 3% of the overall households had food stocks compared to 8% in September due to delayed harvests.
There was an increase in the number of households with acceptable FCS from 49% in September to more than half (53%) in November.
Since July, debt prevalence rates in Karamoja have been going down with 27% reduction observed in November compared to September.
1.1 Food security situation
Overall food security classification shows that half of the population in Karamoja (50%) is food insecure, of which 12% were found to be severely food insecure. While these findings suggest a marginal increase in food insecurity at regional (Karamoja) level since June 2015, there were marked district level variations:
Significant deterioration in Kaabong, Kotido, Napak & Abim districts;
Marked improvement in Moroto & Nakapiripirit districts;
Although 8% of households had food stocks in September, at least there is an improvement compared to 4% in July;
Debt prevalence is still high at 61% with Napak having the highest at 89%. The main reason for debt was to buy food (40%), pay for school/ education costs (17%) and to cover health expenses (16%);
There is a continuous deterioration in the food security situation in Karamoja, only 4% of the households reported having food stocks compared to 14% in May. None in Kaabong and Kotido reported having food stocks;
There was a 58% increase in the number of Children admitted to supplementary feeding centers since May 2016. A total of 14,153 were admitted in June 2016;
Markets were cited as a main source of food stocks with 47%, 18% reported WFP/Partner food distributions as a main source of food stocks;
The current epidemic of yellow fever, an acute viral haemorrhagic vector-borne disease, which has seen outbreaks in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda, highlights the risk of infection for unvaccinated travellers. There is also a risk of further international spread through introduction of the virus into areas with a competent vector and susceptible populations.
The food security situation in Karamoja has continued to deteriorate since the mVAM baseline in March 2016 with only 14% reporting food stocks that could last for five days on average.
Humanitarian assistance and markets are the main source of food.
Increased number of households with debt (62%) of which the majority (47%) used it to buy food.
Increased number of admissions (moderately malnourished) into the Supplementary Feeding Programme.
Main conclusions and options for response
In the EU/EEA, the risk of yellow fever virus being introduced is limited to unvaccinated viraemic travellers coming from epidemic areas. Given that outbreaks of yellow fever in urban settings have the potential for rapid spread and that significant yellow fever epidemics are ongoing in Angola, DRC and Uganda, EU/EEA Member States should consider a range of options for response.
Information for travellers to and EU citizens residing in areas with active transmission
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Nearly half of the households are currently food insecure with either Borderline or Poor Food Consumption Score, mainly due to the lean season that has seen a decline in food stocks at household level and contributed to food price rises (therefore reducing economic ability to purchase food).
While food security status has marginally improved since June 2014, Global Acute Malnutrition levels have deteriorated to the highest levels since 2010.
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The August 2015 FSNWG update reports indicate that approximately 19.2 million people in the Greater Horn of Africa are facing crisis and emergency food insecurity and are in urgent need of assistance.
This IPC food insecurity analysis on Karamoja district of Uganda, compiled from 22 to 26 June 2015, gives a snapshot in time of the current severity of the situation, regardless of the causes, context, or duration.
Nearly half of households are currently food insecure with either borderline or poor Food Consumption Score, mainly due to the lean season that has seen a decline in food stocks at household level and contributed to food price rises (therefore reducing economic ability to purchase food).
While food security status has marginally improved since June 2014, Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) levels have deteriorated and are at highest levels since 2010.