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Uganda: New wave of killings in the north

Many of the murders linked to demobilised paramilitaries who fought for the government during war with LRA.

By Bill Oketch in northern Uganda (AR No. 180, 1-Aug-08)

Former members of pro-government militias are being blamed for a series of brutal murders in northern Ugnada, which have spread fear and terror among the region's long-suffering residents.

Some serving members of the armed forces are also believed to be involved in the killings, which the authorities appear to be struggling to stem.

Wielding guns, machetes and bows and

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Uganda: Weekly roundup for 26 Jul - 01 Aug; Meeting between mediators, LRA delayed

Report
Resolve Uganda
The Good: The UN reports that displaced persons are leaving IDP camps in northern Uganda at a 'steady' rate - over 130,000 Acholi have returned to their homes this year alone.

The Bad: A meeting between LRA leader Joseph Kony and mediators scheduled for this week fell through. South Sudan government officials cited 'logistical problems' in announcing it was postponed until August 12th.

The Ugly: Impatience with the peace process is strengthening regional appeals for a military 'solution,' but prospects for responsible and credible military pressure on the LRA remain elusive.

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UNITAID, UNICEF and WHO announce massive scale-up in the fight against HIV in mothers and children

News Release WHO/27

GENEVA/MEXICO CITY/NEW YORK, 31 July 2008 - As the world's leaders and AIDS community gather in Mexico for the biennial global conference on HIV and AIDS, UNITAID, UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) today announced an infusion of $50 million aimed at halting mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Over the next two years, UNITAID funding will be used to test some 10 million pregnant women for HIV and treat 285 000 mothers and children in nine target countries: Central African Republic, China, Haiti, Lesotho, Myanmar, Nigeria, Swaziland, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.

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Regional Humanitarian Funding Update, Jul 2008

The Regional Humanitarian Funding Update provides a quarterly overview of funding levels and trends in the 14 countries of the Central and East Africa region (CEA) based on data reported to the Financial Tracking System (FTS)

Highlights and Major Findings

- The Central and East African (CEA) region total Consolidated Appeals were only 46% funded by Mid-Year Review;

- Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) prioritization advances were made; and

- The Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) responded to the effects of rising food prices in the region.

I. CAP MID-YEAR REVIEW IN THE CEA

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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OCHA Uganda Humanitarian Situation Report: 01 - 31 Jul 2008

I. HIGHLIGHTS

- SUSTAINED CALM IN NORTHERN UGANDA PROMPTS UPDF WITHDRAWAL FROM IDP CAMPS

- LOW AND UNPREDICTABLE RAINFALL THREATENS FOOD SECURITY IN TESO

- HEPATITIS E OUTBREAK REMAINS UNCONTAINED, BUT STEADY DECLINE IN NUMBER OF NEW CASES

II. SECURITY AND ACCESS

SECURITY

Due to the prevailing stability in the security situation in northern Uganda, the Uganda People's Defence Forces (UPDF) have begun withdrawing troops from camps in northern Uganda and redeploying them to border areas and other strategic locations. Special

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Burundi + 4 others
UNHCR Burundi Fact Sheet 31 Jul 2008

UNHCR Burundi main operational activities

1. Repatriation and reintegration of Burundian refugees.

2. Assistance and protection of 32,545* refugees and asylum seekers, including 20,228 Congolese living in Gihinga (Mwaro), Gasorwe (Muyinga), Musasa (Ngozi) refugee camps, and 232 Rwandans living in Giharo (Rutana) refugee camp. UNHCR Burundi provides protection and some assistance to as many as 11,753 urban refugees and asylum seekers, of which approximately 99 % are Congolese (DRC).

*Ongoing verification in refugee camps may bring changes to the figures of the refugees in Burundi.

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Burundi + 4 others
HCR Burundi : Données de base 31 juillet 2008

Les principales activités du HCR Burundi

1. Le rapatriement et la réintégration des réfugiés burundais.

2. Protection et assistance de 32 545* réfugiés et demandeurs d'asile, dont 20 228 Congolais installés dans les camps de Gihinga (Mwaro), de Gasorwe (Muyinga) et de Musasa (Ngozi), et 232 Rwandais dans le camp de Giharo (Rutana). Le HCR au Burundi assiste sous diverses formes et veille également à la protection de quelque 11 753 réfugiés urbains et demandeurs d'asile, dont 99 % sont originaires de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC)*.

*Chiffre au 30 juin qui peut changer

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Gender, food security and AIDS in internally displaced people's camps in Uganda

Implications for HIV Responsive Policy and Programming

Paul Bukuluki, Firminus Mugumya, Stella Neema, Agatha Kafuko, and Eric Ochen

Introduction

Food and nutritional insecurity coexists with high HIV prevalence rates in war-affected communities in the north and northeastern regions of Uganda. Women and especially female children are disproportionately affected.

Gender relations underpin the interaction between AIDS and food insecurity, though there is limited documentation on the influence of conflict and displacement on gender relations and how

International Food Policy Research Institute:

Copyright © International Food Policy Research Institute

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War and peace scenarios in northern Uganda

Introduction

"Where else in the world have there been 20,000 kidnapped children? Where else in the world have 90 per cent of the population in large districts been displaced? Where else in the world do children make up 80 per cent of the terrorist insurgency movement? (...) For me, the situation is a moral outrage... A much bigger international investment [is needed] - in money, in political engagement, in diplomacy and also more concerted efforts to tell the parties there is no military solution... there is a solution through reconciliation, an end to the killing

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Afghanistan + 48 others
WFP's Operational Priorities - Jul 2008


Funding Trends and Their Impact on Operations



Analysis of the 2008 Programme of Work

As of July 2008, WFP requires 5 million metric tonnes for the current year to meet the needs of over 83 million beneficiaries among the world's neediest people in more than 80 countries.

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Uganda: Rebels issue new talks threat

LRA "letter" says peace negotiations could collapse if new demands aren't met.

By Rosebell Kagumire in Kampala and Peter Eichstaedt in The Hague (AR No. 180, 30-Jul-08)

The Lord's Resistance Army, LRA, is apparently threatening renewed conflict unless it's given financial and practical assistance.

In a letter purportedly from the LRA to Dr Riek Machar, the vice-president of the South Sudan government, which IWPR has obtained, the rebels said they wanted cash and supplies of food, water and medicine before renewed talks can take place - initially scheduled this week.

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Uganda: Starvation risk to 1m in northeast

Report
IRIN
KAMPALA, 30 July 2008 (IRIN) - More than a million people are at risk of starvation in Uganda's semi-arid and remote northeastern regions and over 40,000 children are suffering acute to moderate malnutrition, a government official said.

Musa Ecweru, Uganda's state minister in charge of refugees and disaster preparedness, said prolonged dry conditions after flooding in the region last year had led to a 90 percent crop failure. Plants had failed to germinate under very hot conditions.

"We had expected a problem after

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Guatemala + 12 others
FEWS NET Executive Overview of Food Security 30 Jul 2008

AFGHANISTAN: Satellite imagery of northern Afghanistan indicates that the ongoing drought is the most severe since 2000. Coupled with high food prices and ongoing conflict, this has contributed to deteriorating food security. The Afghan government and the United Nations have jointly appealed for USD 400 million to address emergency needs. Funding the food security component of this appeal is essential to prevent a humanitarian crisis.

EAST AFRICA: Below-normal March-May rains, crop failure, and high prices threaten food security in much of

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Uganda: NGO aids Barlonyo residents

Report
Monitor-Uganda
Hudson Apunyo

Lira - Four hundred families in Barlonyo village last week received a donation of clothing, blankets and washing soap from a British charity organisation World Emergency Relief.

World Emergency Relief (WER) Programme Manager Jeremy Horner flew in from Britain last week to witness the distribution. Seven villages benefited from the donation.

WER has been working in partnership with All Nations Christian Care to assist victims of the insurgency in northern Uganda and southern Sudan.

WER works with 22 partners in 17 countries.

"We collect these things from our

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Uganda Red Cross Society disaster management: DFIDVI/BRC project

Report
Uganda Red Cross
SECOND QUARTER REPORT 2008

Introduction

HIV/AIDS and GBV preventive activities are one of the components of the department of Disaster Management whose objective is to increase knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV/AIDS prevention.

The goal of these activities is to contribute towards meeting priority humanitarian needs of IDPs and to the successful return and recovery needs for the conflict affected communities in North and north eastern Uganda.

This activity report covers the implementation period from April to June of HIV/AIDS and GBV activities in Usuk Sub County

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The Humanitarian - All you need to know about Uganda Red Cross Society activities Apr - Jun 2008

Report
Uganda Red Cross
Editorial

The Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement once again celebrated the International Red Cross/Red Crescent Day 2008. In Uganda, Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) climaxed the celebrations in Tororo branch under the theme, "You & I in partnership to serve the most vulnerable."

The 2008 theme was chosen at the time the National Society is using all avenues to sustain and create new partnership with the local community. This move, it is hoped will reduce URCS' dependence on the donor community but strengthen its partnership with Ugandan stakeholders

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Uganda: Teso leaders call for help over hunger

Report
Monitor-Uganda
Joseph Malinga

Kumi - A poor harvest in Teso has the region worried that famine will soon strike. Almost all crops have failed due to delayed rains, authorities say.

"We are not going to get the expected harvest because of the long dry spell that hit almost all the plantations. The situation is not the best and it leaves us with nothing but with looming hunger. It is not only us here (Kumi) but the problem seems to cut across the whole of Teso," the Chief Administration Officer, Mr Sulaiman Kasozi, said on Tuesday. Katakwi, Amuria, Soroti and Bukedea are

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Djibouti + 5 others
Famine, soaring food prices threaten millions in east Africa

by Lucie Peytermann

NAIROBI, July 26, 2008 (AFP) - More than 14 million people across east Africa are facing a humanitarian disaster because of a "lethal mix" of soaring food prices, drought and conflict, aid agencies say.

"The situation in the region is of extreme concern," Peter Smerdon, spokesman for the World Food Programme in Nairobi, told AFP Friday.

"Rising food prices on top of drought this year means that more and more people than in previous years are falling over the edge into destitution," he said.

His comments echo warnings from the UN

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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Uganda: Ray Apire: "Nobody wanted to be a rebel"

Report
IRIN
GULU, 25 July 2008 (IRIN) - Ray Apire fought for the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) for 10 years, rising to the position of major and commander, until he surrendered in 2004. Now struggling to live with the people he once terrorised, 50-year-old Apire spoke to IRIN in the northern town of Gulu:

"I was abducted by LRA rebels in 1993 from my home village of Lamola in Kitgum district with two of my brothers, but my younger brother was killed when he tried to run away.

"We were taken to Southern Sudan for training and after the training we came back to Uganda and continued

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Uganda + 1 other
Ugandan army kills eight Sudanese warriors in northeastern region

Report
Xinhua
KAMPALA, Jul 25, 2008 (Xinhua via COMTEX News Network) -- The Uganda People's Defense Force has killed eight Sudanese warriors who crossed into the northeastern part of the country trafficking guns, a military spokesman has said.

Capt. Henry Obbo, the third division army spokesman, told Xinhua by telephone on Friday that the eight were part of a group of about 30 warriors who crossed into the border district of Kaabong from southern Sudan last week.

"Their intention was gun trafficking but our combat squad was able to dislodge them, killing eight while the