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Afghanistan + 41 others
WFP's operational requirements, shortfalls and priorities for 2008


Part I: Operational Requirements and Shortfalls

Overview of the 2008 Programme of Work

As the second semester of 2008 begins, the World Food Programme continues to focus its attention on the more than 81 million beneficiaries requiring food assistance. The total cost of 2008 activities is just over US$4.78 billion. Considering carry-over stocks and resources mobilized so far in 2008, and considering US$1 billion for prepositioning of food stocks for 2009, the total shortfall at this time of the year is US$2.71 billion.

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Ethiopia + 5 others
Regional Humanitarian Update May 2008: Vol 2, Issue 4

CROSS BORDER & REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Prolonged drought due to poor March-May rains in Greater Horn of Africa

In late April 2008, Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) confirmed below-normal rainfall and prolonged dryness continued into mid-April in parts of central, northeastern, and southeastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia.

These rainfall predictions were expected to deepen existing drought conditions in these three countries and further aggravate: food insecurity, water and pasture shortages, malnutrition,

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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OCHA Uganda Humanitarian Situation Report: 01 - 31 May 2008

I. HIGHLIGHTS

- 50 PER CENT OF ACHOLI IDPS NOW IN TRANSIT SITES OR VILLAGES OF ORIGIN

- FOOD SECURITY WORSENING AS PROLONGED DRY SPELL CONTINUES IN KARAMOJA, TESO REGIONS

- FORCED EVICTIONS REPORTED IN ACHOLI, TESO SUB-REGIONS; GULU DDMC CONDEMNS BREACH OF NATIONAL IDP POLICY

- HEPATITIS E EPIDEMIC UNCONTAINED IN KITGUM, THREATENS TO SPREAD TO NEIGHBOURING DISTRICTS

II. SECURITY AND ACCESS

SECURITY

In northern Uganda, general calm prevailed, with no reports of activity by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). A significant

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Djibouti + 5 others
East Africa regional report on market prices April/May 2008


This report analyzes nominal market prices and the magnitude of price fluctuations for select commodities and markets in the East Africa region in the context of the region's prevailing food security situation. The report addresses the role of price increases as both a cause and symptom of regional food insecurity, highlighting the food security implications of rising prices and outlining priorities for action.

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HIV/AIDS, human rights, and legal services in Uganda: A country assessment

Preface

This report presents the findings of a review of legal services for people living with HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable and at-risk populations conducted in Uganda between September and November 2007. Based on interviews with civil society organizations (CSOs) and communitybased organizations (CBOs) working on HIV, policy makers, people living with HIV/AIDS, and government bodies, the review examines the legal and policy framework related to HIV/ AIDS in Uganda and interrogates the extent to which this framework offers real protection and facilitates access to justice

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Myanmar + 10 others
Programme on Conflict and Peacebuilding - Monthly newsletter No. 27, May 2008

HEADLINES OF THE MONTH

Worsening:

MALI: The Tuareg armed group led by Ag-Bahanga clashes with the army in the region of Kidal just one month after it reached an agreement on cessation of hostilities.

MYANMAR: The Military Junta announces a support to the Constitution of 92% of voters amid reports of fraud and intimidation of the opposition and the humanitarian crisis caused by the Nargis cyclone, which left 77,000 people dead and 55,000 others missing.

PHILIPPINES: The appointment of the up to now chief of the army as the new presidential counsellor for

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Burundi + 7 others
U.S. contributes additional $110.3 million to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Office of the Spokesman
Washington, DC

We are pleased to announce recent additional U.S. contributions of approximately $110.3 million to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The money will fund relief programs for refugees and other displaced people around the world, including in Darfur, countries in the Great Lakes region of Africa, Colombia, the Thai-Burma border, and many other areas.

The Geneva-based UN refugee agency offers legal protection and critical life-sustaining assistance, as well as return

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Uganda: Charles Okana, 35 years, volunteer water pump technician

Kitgum Water Project
Orom IDP camp, Kitgum District, Northern Uganda

Charles is a pump mechanic, trained by AMREF, working to provide clean water in internally displaced people's camps in northern Uganda 'If it wasn't for the war, I would probably have become a successful farmer,' Charles Okana says, wiping sweat from his brow. Charles supervises seven men and women 2km from the Orom IDP (Internally Displaced People) camp, They have come here to repair a water pump. After carefully taking apart the equipment, they replace broken parts and reassemble

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Providing clean water in northern Uganda

Years of civil war, particularly concentrated in northern Uganda, have left many people living in displaced persons camps, unable to return to their homes. Three quarters of people in Gulu, Pader and Kitgum districts in Northern Uganda live in these camps, with little or no access to services, such as clean water. This, couple with poor hygiene and sanitation, means that people are vulnerable to disease.

Looting and neglect have destroyed much of the local infrastructure including safe-water sources such as boreholes, shallow wells and protected springs. To make matters worse, many trained

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Ethiopia + 1 other
Global Food Insecurity and Price Increase Update #3

THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL FOOD INSECURITY ON HEALTH AND NUTRITION

The vast majority of the 1 billion people who live on less than $1 a day go to bed hungry. In developing countries, one of every four children under the age of five is underweight, which is the most important indicator of hunger. Reducing the number of children who suffer from malnutrition is a key component of the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The current food crisis severely threatens progress in the fight against hunger and thus the achievement of MDG1.

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Afghanistan + 23 others
Strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations - Report of the Secretary-General (A/63/81-E/2008/71)

General Assembly
Sixty-third session
Item 68 (a) of the preliminary list*
Strengthening of the coordination of
humanitarian and disaster relief assistance
of the United Nations, including special
economic assistance: strengthening of the
coordination of emergency humanitarian
assistance of the United Nations

Economic and Social Council
Substantive session of 2008
New York, 30 June-25 July 2008
Item 5 of the provisional agenda**
Special economic, humanitarian and disaster
relief assistance

Summary

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Uganda + 1 other
Global Food Insecurity and Price Increase Update #3, 30 May 2008

THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL FOOD INSECURITY ON HEALTH AND NUTRITION

The vast majority of the 1 billion people who live on less than $1 a day go to bed hungry. In developing countries, one of every four children under the age of five is underweight, which is the most important indicator of hunger. Reducing the number of children who suffer from malnutrition is a key component of the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The current food crisis severely threatens progress in the fight against hunger and thus the achievement of MDG1.

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Afghanistan + 10 others
Iraq: NCCI's Weekly Highlight - 29 May 2008

Fearing for the Future of the Humanitarian Enterprise

The Humanitarian Agenda 2015: Principles, Power and Perceptions research project of the Feinstein International Center recently issued its final report. Since early 2006, a multi-disciplinary team from the Center canvassed perceptions of the work of humanitarian agencies from the bottom up - focusing on the perceptions of communities and individuals who benefit from or observe the functioning of, the humanitarian enterprise.

The State of the Humanitarian Enterprise,

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Uganda: Corruption blights rebuilding efforts

Official graft jeopardises reconstruction in war-scarred north.

By Bill Oketch in Oyam (AR No. 172, 29-May-08)

For Ronald Odongo, a 14-year-old former Lord's Resistance Army, LRA, fighter, sitting in the dirt or on a log is something he grew accustomed to during his years in the bush.

But he never expected he would have to do this at the school in his home village, where he's attempting to rebuild his life, much like the thousands of other youngsters who were either dragooned into rebel ranks or forced to flee their villages.

Odongo goes to the Abella primary school,

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DRC/Uganda: Lake Albert spat imperils wider region - May 29, 2008

Report
Oxford Analytica
SUBJECT: The causes and impact of border tensions around Lake Albert.

SIGNIFICANCE: After several years in which the relations between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda defined the political outlook for the whole Great Lakes region, interactions between DRC and Uganda are now emerging as the key factor for wider peace and security.

ANALYSIS: Relations between Kinshasa and Kampala have been marked by mutual acrimony since Uganda's 1998 invasion and occupation of parts of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Oxford Analytica:

Republished on ReliefWeb with the permission of research and consulting firm Oxford Analytica Ltd. Copyright 2011 Oxford Analytica Ltd. All rights reserved. For additional information, please visit Oxford Analytica or write to enoel@oxford-analytica.com

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Angola + 30 others
La survie de l'enfant : La situation des enfants en Afrique 2008

Survie de l'enfant - Le bilan

Mortalité infantile en dessus et en dessous du Sahara

Le continent africain est divisé par le Sahara, le plus grand désert du monde, et cette démarcation n'est pas seulement géographique. Dans les pays situés essentiellement au nord du Sahara - Algérie, Égypte, Jamahiriya arabe libyenne, Maroc et Tunisie - le taux moyen de mortalité des enfants de moins de 5 ans en 2006 était de 35 pour 1 000 naissances vivantes, ce qui signifie qu'au cours de cette année particulière, environ 1 enfant sur 29 est mort avant son cinquième

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Afghanistan + 15 others
UN SC express deepest concern at continued civilian suffering during conflict, condemns all violations of humanitarian law threatening non-combatants

SC/9340

Security Council
5898th Meeting (AM & PM)

Presidential Statement on Civilian Protection Follows Day-Long Debate; Emergency Relief Coordinator Supports Creation of Informal Expert Group on Issue

Expressing its deepest concern that civilians continued to suffer the brunt of the violence during armed conflicts, the Security Council this afternoon condemned all violations of international law that threatened non-combatants and reaffirmed the responsibility of States and other parties of conflicts to protect them.

In a statement read by Council President

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Angola + 32 others
New UNICEF report sheds light on successes and impediments to child survival in Africa

Achievements Offer New Prospects for Success in Global Efforts to Help Africa's Children

TOKYO, 28 May 2008 - UNICEF today called for large-scale, focused investments in improved health systems for sub-Saharan Africa, to capitalize on recent achievements and help children who have inadequate access to health care.

The call came as the children's agency launched its first The State of Africa's Children 2008 report at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) in Japan.

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Forced marriage within the LRA, Uganda

Report
Tufts University
I. Executive Summary

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)-a rebel group fighting the government of Uganda-is estimated to have abducted over 60,000 Ugandan children and youth. Within the war-affected region of northern Uganda, the LRA has abducted one in three male adolescents and one in six female adolescents. While in captivity, thousands of abducted women and girls-most of whom are from the Acholi and Langi peoples-fought, cooked, carried supplies, fetched water, and cleaned for LRA fighters and commanders, including those who organized and carried out their abductions.

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Angola + 32 others
The State of Africa's Children 2008 - Child Survival

Introduction

Child survival in Africa: Communities unite to find solutions

Every year, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) publishes The State of the World's Children, the most comprehensive and authoritative report on the world's youngest citizens. The State of the World's Children 2008, published in January 2008, examines the global realities of maternal and child survival and the prospects for meeting the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - the targets set by the world community in 2000 for eradicating poverty, reducing child