There is a growing consensus amongst researchers and policy makers that development and security are closely linked. Poverty and underdevelopment increase the risk of violent conflict and contribute to other forms of armed violence. This is clear in Africa where factors linked with underdevelopment such as weak state capacity, horizontal inequalities, and livelihood and resource pressures, contribute to conflict and insecurity.
KAMPALA, Mar 31, 2007 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- Uganda has threatened to re-enter the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to fight Ugandan rebel groups who use the vast central African country as a safe haven, a senior government official said here on Saturday.
Minister of Defense Crispus Kiyonga told a news conference that under the right of self defense, Ugandan troops may be forced to re-enter the DRC to eliminate negative elements if the international community and the DRC do not act fast.
"We are patient people; we have been having meetings and meetings.
Two decades of armed conflict between the Uganda People's Defense Forces (UPDF) and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) have perpetuated a complex humanitarian situation in northern Uganda's Acholi (Amuru, Gulu, Kitgum and Pader Districts) and Lango sub-regions (Apac, Amolatar, Dokolo, Lira and Oyam), marked by violence, poverty and the internal displacement of more than 1.5 million people.
CROSS BORDER & REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
Emergency Relief Coordinator visits Sudan-Chad-CAR
The United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), Mr. John Holmes, said he was "struck by the magnitude of the humanitarian challenge" in Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic.
This report covers the period from 2/22/2007 to 3/21/2007
The Uganda Red Cross Society has distributed 250 safe delivery kits to expectant women in Mucwini Internally Displaced People's camp in Kitgum district. The distribution, which took place on Thursday, is part of the funds that were raised last year under the Mama Bag Appeal.
The Mama Bag Appeal is a Uganda Red Cross Society initiative that seeks to raise funds to purchase kits for expectant mothers in IDP camps in northern Uganda.
ICRC Press release No. 07/43
Geneva/Kampala (ICRC) - The ICRC is winding up a large-scale relief operation for some 560,000 displaced people living in 50 different camps in northern Uganda. The beneficiaries represent half the population displaced by the long-running armed conflict and living in Gulu, Amuru, Oyam, Kitgum and Pader districts.
Before the rainy season began, people received a package of seed and a kit of agricultural implements.
As northern Uganda and southern Sudan become more stable, large numbers of forcibly displaced people are moving back home. This process of rebuilding communities devastated by years of conflict brings much hope yet presents many challenges.
"Southern Sudan is seeing a massive influx of people returning from Uganda. New tukuls - small traditional huts with straw roofs - are sprouting all over the place in towns such as Nimule and Kajo Keji.
SRI LANKA: UN SAYS FOOD SERIOUS SHORTAGES IMMINENT
On 19 March, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) warned that without fresh funding its stocks to feed tens of thousands of internally displaced persons in eastern Sri Lanka would run out by the end of April.
The WFP estimated that around 155,000 civilians are now displaced in the restive eastern district of Batticaloa as the military and Tamil rebels, the LTTE, fight a new chapter in the island's two-decade civil war.
Grant will fund long-term health care programs for women, children
(Portland, Ore.-March 30, 2007) Medical Teams International has received a $485,732 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to support an 18-month program to improve the health of impoverished women and children in northern Uganda.
The grant will train 232 Ugandan health care workers, refurbish two critically-needed medical clinics and implement sanitation services for more than 40,000 people living in Uganda's Lira District.
By Francis Kwera
KAMPALA, March 30 (Reuters) - A British charity said on Friday it had information 66 children had been killed in an operation by Ugandan soldiers against cattle rustlers, but the Ugandan army denied the report.
Save the Children said it met 256 people whose accounts indicated the children were shot by troops, run over by armoured cars or crushed as animals stampeded during the February 12 raid in Kotido district, in remote northeastern Karamoja region.
A Ugandan military spokesman denied any children had died.
The charity said it had not found …
KAMPALA, 30 March 2007 (IRIN) - Sixty-six children have been killed in Uganda's northeastern Karamoja region during military operations against armed pastoralists, according to a British charity.
The children died during a clash on 12 February in the remote district of Kotido, Save the Children (UK) said on Friday.
A severe meningitis outbreak has spread in several areas in Southern Sudan. Humanitarian partners are supporting the Government in the response.
I am pleased to share with you this report on how UNICEF and the Government of Uganda partnered in 2006 - as we embarked upon our five-year Country Programme - to match the determination of Uganda's children to live and develop into healthy, educated and productive adults.
With a contribution of US$54.2 million, UNICEF, the Government of Uganda and partners were able to achieve concrete results for children and women in the areas of child survival, basic education, protection against violence and abuse, HIV/AIDS prevention and social policy development.
An estimated 1.7 million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict in the north has been exacerbated by incursions of Karamojong warriors and an ongoing government disarmament process which has resulted in new displacement in northeast Uganda. The overall security situation in northern Uganda remains fluid, as a landmark Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CHA), signed in August 2006 by the LRA and the Government of Uganda expired in late February 2007.
ADJUMANI, Uganda, March 28 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency has recently resumed the repatriation of southern Sudanese refugees from the West Nile region of Uganda some six weeks after the programme was suspended due to an outbreak of meningitis.
The assisted return operation resumed on March 6, when 13 trucks carrying 600 refugees and their belongings left this district in north-west Uganda heading for southern Sudan's Eastern Equatoria state.
The process was suspended because of disease, but it faces other difficulties, acknowledged Stefano Severe, UNHCR representative in …
KAMPALA/UGANDA, 28 March 2007 - UNICEF, other United Nations agencies, the Ugandan government and civil society organizations launched a campaign today to improve primary-school enrollment in the Lango sub-region of Uganda.
This event is part of a national campaign to accelerate enrollment, retention and completion by boys and girls, with a particular focus on the conflict-affected northern and northeastern parts of the country.
The northern districts of Uganda have been severely affected by the twenty-year armed conflict between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict caused massive displacement. Over 1.5 million people have been forced to leave their homes and seek protection in government-run camps. The majority of the displaced populations come from the districts of Gulu, Kitgum and Pader. Long-term forced displacement and lack of access to land for cultivation have left the population destitute.
The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.
Period covered by this Final Report: 23 June to 31 December 2006.
History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:
- CHF 35,847 was allocated from the Federation's DREF on 22 June 2006 to respond to the needs of this operation. Refer to the DREF Bulletin for more information.