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Humanitarian Action, Recovery, and Development in Southern Sudan Weekly Bulletin - 26 Mar to 01 Apr 2007

(As this is the last week of the month, this report may contain information related to earlier weeks, for those activities reported on a monthly basis).

Summary

- Security situation stable, but cattle raids and looting incidents reported in the Equatoria states.

- UNFPA gears up to conduct advocacy, in preparation for pilot census planned for the second half of April.

- Returns of IDPs ongoing, with caseloads identified for two new potential organized movements.

- Annual global plan for distribution of seeds and tools completed under FAO leadership.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Chad + 9 others
Health Action in Crises Highlights No 151 - 26 Mar to 1 Apr 2007

Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on the health aspects of selected humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and Headquarters. The mandate of the WHO Departments specifically concerned with Emergency and Humanitarian Action in Crises is to increase the effectiveness of the WHO contribution to crisis preparedness and response, transition and recovery.
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OCHA Humanitarian Newsmaker: April 2007


In this issue:

- Meningitis epidemic across Africa

- Will the vulnerable populations in the Horn of Africa be facing floods once again?

- Lack of funds may force WFP to stop feeding refugees and pastoralists in Djibouti

- Uganda’s Karamoja region in humanitarian crisis

- LRA and Government of Uganda peace talks announced to restart 13 April

- International envoys in search for peace in Darfur

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Uganda threatens to enter DR. Congo to fight insurgents

Report
Xinhua
KAMPALA, Mar 31, 2007 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- Uganda has threatened to re-enter the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to fight Ugandan rebel groups who use the vast central African country as a safe haven, a senior government official said here on Saturday.

Minister of Defense Crispus Kiyonga told a news conference that under the right of self defense, Ugandan troops may be forced to re-enter the DRC to eliminate negative elements if the international community and the DRC do not act fast.

"We are patient people; we have

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UNICEF Uganda situation report Mar 2007 - External

NORTHERN UGANDA

Two decades of armed conflict between the Uganda People's Defense Forces (UPDF) and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) have perpetuated a complex humanitarian situation in northern Uganda's Acholi (Amuru, Gulu, Kitgum and Pader Districts) and Lango sub-regions (Apac, Amolatar, Dokolo, Lira and Oyam), marked by violence, poverty and the internal displacement of more than 1.5 million people. The right of access to essential services in health, nutrition, safe water, education, protection and shelter by the most vulnerable populations in the most disadvantaged

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Burundi + 10 others
Regional Humanitarian Update Mar 2007: Vol 1, Issue 1

CROSS BORDER & REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Emergency Relief Coordinator visits Sudan-Chad-CAR

The United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), Mr. John Holmes, said he was "struck by the magnitude of the humanitarian challenge" in Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic. During his eleven-day mission, which began on 20 March three weeks after he officially took up the position, the ERC met with senior government officials, representatives of the United Nations, non-governmental organizations and civil society

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Aid and conflict in Uganda

Report
Saferworld
Summary

There is a growing consensus amongst researchers and policy makers that development and security are closely linked. Poverty and underdevelopment increase the risk of violent conflict and contribute to other forms of armed violence. This is clear in Africa where factors linked with underdevelopment such as weak state capacity, horizontal inequalities, and livelihood and resource pressures, contribute to conflict and insecurity. On the other side of the coin, conflict and armed violence contribute to poverty and undermine development, for instance

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Sudan + 3 others
Humanitarian news from Southern Sudan: Monthly digest - Feb 2007

Executive Summary

A severe meningitis outbreak has spread in several areas in Southern Sudan. Humanitarian partners are supporting the Government in the response. But some activities, such as returns and certain food distribution operations, have had to be temporarily halted. The cessation of hostilities agreement between the Government of Uganda and the "Lord's Resistance Army" (LRA) expired on 28 February, raising concerns of new insecurity

Although no serious attacks on humanitarian workers have been signalled in February, security incidents were reported

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Uganda: Children killed in military operation - charity

Report
IRIN
KAMPALA, 30 March 2007 (IRIN) - Sixty-six children have been killed in Uganda's northeastern Karamoja region during military operations against armed pastoralists, according to a British charity.

The children died during a clash on 12 February in the remote district of Kotido, Save the Children (UK) said on Friday. "Save the Children has met 256 people in three locations who reported that the children were shot, crushed by armoured vehicles or killed by animals during raids by the army on a cattle ranch where they were living," it said in a statement.

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Charity says Uganda army raid killed 66 children

By Francis Kwera

KAMPALA, March 30 (Reuters) - A British charity said on Friday it had information 66 children had been killed in an operation by Ugandan soldiers against cattle rustlers, but the Ugandan army denied the report.

Save the Children said it met 256 people whose accounts indicated the children were shot by troops, run over by armoured cars or crushed as animals stampeded during the February 12 raid in Kotido district, in remote northeastern Karamoja region.

A Ugandan military spokesman denied any children had died.

The charity said it had not found "specific

Reuters - AlertNet:



For more humanitarian news and analysis, please visit www.trust.org/alertnet

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Medical Teams International receives Gates Foundation grant to improve health in Uganda

Grant will fund long-term health care programs for women, children

(Portland, Ore.-March 30, 2007) Medical Teams International has received a $485,732 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to support an 18-month program to improve the health of impoverished women and children in northern Uganda.

The grant will train 232 Ugandan health care workers, refurbish two critically-needed medical clinics and implement sanitation services for more than 40,000 people living in Uganda's Lira District. The health projects will help thousands of families who are returning

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Chad + 8 others
JRS Dispatches No. 212

(Extract)

SRI LANKA: UN SAYS FOOD SERIOUS SHORTAGES IMMINENT

On 19 March, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) warned that without fresh funding its stocks to feed tens of thousands of internally displaced persons in eastern Sri Lanka would run out by the end of April.

The WFP estimated that around 155,000 civilians are now displaced in the restive eastern district of Batticaloa as the military and Tamil rebels, the LTTE, fight a new chapter in the island's two-decade civil war. Camps in the district are cramped and overflowing,

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Sudan + 1 other
Sudan/Uganda: Rebuilding war torn regions

As northern Uganda and southern Sudan become more stable, large numbers of forcibly displaced people are moving back home. This process of rebuilding communities devastated by years of conflict brings much hope yet presents many challenges.

"Southern Sudan is seeing a massive influx of people returning from Uganda. New tukuls - small traditional huts with straw roofs - are sprouting all over the place in towns such as Nimule and Kajo Keji. Since June last year, Nimule has seen its population dramatically increasing in number - maybe even double what it was before,

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Uganda: ICRC completes relief operation for over half a million people

ICRC Press release No. 07/43

Geneva/Kampala (ICRC) - The ICRC is winding up a large-scale relief operation for some 560,000 displaced people living in 50 different camps in northern Uganda. The beneficiaries represent half the population displaced by the long-running armed conflict and living in Gulu, Amuru, Oyam, Kitgum and Pader districts.

Before the rainy season began, people received a package of seed and a kit of agricultural implements. "We hope that displaced people will be able to take a major step toward sustainable

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Uganda: Internally Displaced mothers receive safe delivery kits

Report
Uganda Red Cross
The Uganda Red Cross Society has distributed 250 safe delivery kits to expectant women in Mucwini Internally Displaced People's camp in Kitgum district. The distribution, which took place on Thursday, is part of the funds that were raised last year under the Mama Bag Appeal.

The Mama Bag Appeal is a Uganda Red Cross Society initiative that seeks to raise funds to purchase kits for expectant mothers in IDP camps in northern Uganda. The kits contain items necessary for safe delivery, which include items such as basin, soap, disinfectant, jelly, towel, baby clothes, baby powder and gloves.

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Uganda: Annual report 2006

FOREWORD

I am pleased to share with you this report on how UNICEF and the Government of Uganda partnered in 2006 - as we embarked upon our five-year Country Programme - to match the determination of Uganda's children to live and develop into healthy, educated and productive adults.

With a contribution of US$54.2 million, UNICEF, the Government of Uganda and partners were able to achieve concrete results for children and women in the areas of child survival, basic education, protection against violence and abuse, HIV/AIDS prevention and social policy

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Uganda + 1 other
UNHCR resumes repatriation of Sudanese refugees from Uganda's West Nile region

ADJUMANI, Uganda, March 28 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency has recently resumed the repatriation of southern Sudanese refugees from the West Nile region of Uganda some six weeks after the programme was suspended due to an outbreak of meningitis.

The assisted return operation resumed on March 6, when 13 trucks carrying 600 refugees and their belongings left this district in north-west Uganda heading for southern Sudan's Eastern Equatoria state.

The process was suspended because of disease, but it faces other difficulties, acknowledged Stefano Severe,

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Uganda: Uncertain peace process impedes return in north while protection crisis looms in Karamoja region

An estimated 1.7 million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict in the north has been exacerbated by incursions of Karamojong warriors and an ongoing government disarmament process which has resulted in new displacement in northeast Uganda. The overall security situation in northern Uganda remains fluid, as a landmark Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CHA), signed in August 2006 by the LRA and the Government of Uganda expired in